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On 18 December 2007, the General Council cleared the path for Cape Verde’s
membership in the WTO by approving a package of agreements which spell out the
terms of Cape Verde’s accession.
WTO Director-General Pascal Lamy declared “ Cape Verde’s accession to the WTO is
another sign of confidence in the organization and the multilateral trading
system. WTO membership will enable Cape Verde to participate more fully in the
global economy and will provide the country with a predictable and stable basis
for growth and development. For the WTO, Cape Verde’s accession brings us one
step closer to our goal of universal membership.”
The General Council welcomed the newcomer and congratulated the Cape Verdean
delegation for the substantial efforts the country made to meet the WTO
Cape Verde has been negotiating its WTO membership since 1999 and under the
chairmanship of US representative David Shark, the Working Party concluded over
7 years of negotiations on 6 December 2007. The General Council approved the
Working Party report containing the reforms to Cape Verde’s trade regime, the
market access schedules on goods and services, the General Council Decision and
the Protocol of Accession.
Before becoming the 152nd member of the WTO, Cape Verde would have to ratify the
deal by 30 June 2008. The accession process will be completed 30 days after
Cape Verde’s Minister of Economy, Growth and Competitiveness, José Brito
declared “ Cape Verde’s membership in the WTO marks a new era for our country.
The membership is an essential element of our strategy to competitively insert
Cape Verde in the global marketplace. We are confident that our accession to the
WTO will bear fruit and would allow us to move forward with the realization of
our national agenda for socioeconomic transformation.”
As a result of the negotiations, Cape Verde has agreed to undertake a series of
important commitments to further liberalize its trade regime and accelerate its
integration in the world economy, while offering a transparent and predictable
environment for trade and foreign investment. Amongst the commitments undertaken
by Cape Verde are the following:
Market access for goods
As outlined in the Schedule for industrial products market access, Cape Verde is
promising ceilings on duties (bound rates) ranging between zero and 55%. Some
bindings involve reductions phased in over a period of up to 2018.
Cape Verde has committed to an average tariff binding of over 19% for
agricultural products and 15% for industrial goods. Among products with higher
tariffs (over 50%) are: alcoholic beverages, chocolates, soaps and detergents,
carpets, glassware, cars and furniture. Product categories with lower tariffs
(less than 5%) include civil aircraft, printed paper, certain medical goods and
information technology products.
In agriculture, Cape Verde has no export subsidy programmes. On domestic
support, no specific support has been provided for any agricultural product.
Domestic support programmes (green box) are for environmental purposes, forest
management, water conservation, rural development, agricultural research,
irrigation systems, and the development of livestock etc. The total amount of
domestic support provided by Cape Verde in 2005 amounted up to 7.7million CVE
(Cape Verdean escudos) which approximately corresponds to USD1.025 million.
Market access for services
Cape Verde has made specific commitments on 10 services sectors and a wide range
of sub-sectors. Persons would be allowed to offer their services in Cape Verde
with limitations for business visitors, foreign employees, managers or
executives, specialists and contractual services suppliers.
Background information on Cape Verde
Cape Verde is an archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of
Africa. It was a Portuguese colony until its independence in 1975.
Since 1991, the country has pursued market oriented economic policies,
facilitating foreign investment, fostering the private sector through
privatisations, developing tourism, light manufacturing industries and
fisheries. Cape Verde has also developed its transport, communications and
Cape Verde’s annual growth is 6.5% and the GDP has reached USD1.3 billion in
2006. The GDP per capita is USD2,316.
The economy of Cape Verde is service oriented accounting for more than 70% of
GDP, while agriculture and fishing accounts for 10%.
The population of 423,000 mostly lives in rural areas (about 70%).
Cape Verde has few natural resources and suffers from serious water shortages
exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought. The most important natural resources
are salt, pozolan (volcanic rock used in cement production) and limestone.
Its main trading partners are Portugal, Netherlands, Brazil, Spain, Italy, the
US and France. The biggest importer to Cape Verde is Portugal (EUR116.79 million
for 2007). Cape Verde exports to Portugal are worth EUR4.41 million in 2007.
> More information on Cape
Verde's other commitments
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