Mike Moore's speeches
Renato Ruggiero's speeches,
These are among
the findings contained in WTO's annual report The International Market For Meats
1996/97 published today. The report, prepared by the Secretariat in accordance with
the International Bovine Meat Agreement, presents a summary of the international situation
and outlook for bovine meat and specific elements of the world beef economy on a
country-by-country basis as well as summaries of the situation and outlook for pigmeat,
poultry meat and sheepmeat.
Among the highlights of the report are the following:
- World beef consumption is
expected to recover a dip last year caused by "mad cow disease" and other meat
safety concerns and which threw the European Communities' market off balance, with large
intervention stocks accumulating in the course of 1996. While the EC has already addressed
the crisis with a number of measures, further reforms of the beef sector have been
announced for this year. Beef consumption in the EC is expected to rise by 2 per cent to
7.07 million tons this year in contrast to a decrease of 7 percent in 1996.
are signs that the cattle liquidation in the United States is approaching its end and that
prices will recover as from late 1997, promising higher imports and better returns for
Oceanian, South American and other suppliers to the US market. The United States is
projected to increase its beef imports by 10 per cent this year to 1.03 million tons, and
overtake Japan as the world's biggest importer of beef.
- A number of
WTO Members have concluded, or are in the process of negotiating, veterinary trade
agreements based on the concepts of equivalence and regionalization contained in the WTO
Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement). These
agreements facilitate trade by reducing the cost of compliance with various national
standards. The EC reached agreement with New Zealand at the beginning of the year, and
more recently with the United States, which will take effect on 1 October 1997.
- A number of
countries in 1997 were certified by the International Office of Epizootics as free from
foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), thus enabling them to expand beef export opportunities.
Argentina and Paraguay were recognized as FMD-free with vaccination in May 1997, while
FMD-free zones without vaccination were recognized in Colombia, Namibia and South Africa.
- An outbreak
of foot-and-mouth disease in Chinese Taipei, which supplied 40 percent or 380,000 tons of
Japan's pork imports in 1996, has left a big gap in the Japanese market. While large
stocks have so far prevented a shortage of pork in Japan, prices in the major supplying
countries, the EC (Denmark) and the United States, have risen sharply.
- Korea, at
the end of June 1997, phased out quantitative restrictions on imports of frozen pork and
poultry meat and replaced the quotas by tariffs. This measure is likely to weaken the
competitiveness of beef, although domestic demand is growing for all types of meat. Beef
imports will remain subject to quotas until the year 2001 as specified in Korea's Uruguay
products have been the subject of several trade disputes in the WTO this year. On 19
August 1997, panel reports were issued on the complaints by Canada and the United States,
respectively, against EC's ban on imports of meat from hormone-treated livestock. The two
reports concluded that the EC measures were inconsistent with certain provisions of the
SPS Agreement. In July, a panel was established at Brazil's request to examine EC measures
on imports of poultry meat. In April, the United States requested consultations with the
Philippines regarding the latter's implementation of tariff quotas for pork and poultry.
In February, a panel was established to examine complaints by Argentina, Australia, New
Zealand and the United States against an alleged breach by Hungary of its Uruguay Round
export subsidies commitments, including on meat and meat products. The complainants
informed the WTO Members in July that they had reached a mutually-agreed solution with
Hungary subject to approval of a WTO waiver. In January, the EC requested consultations
with Japan concerning the latter's safeguard measure on pork imports.
International Markets for Meat 1996/97 is now available in English from the WTO
Secretariat, Price: SwF15.- The French and Spanish editions will be available shortly.
WORLD BEEF TRADE FORECAST
FOR 1997 Back to top
and veal, in tons, carcass weight equivalent.
Source: AMLC, MLC, USDA, WTO.
Note to ediors:
International Bovine Meat Agreement entered into effect on 1 January 1995. It replaced the
GATT Arrangement Regarding Bovine Meat (1980-1994). The following are Parties to the
Agreement: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chad, Colombia, the European
Communities (15), Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Paraguay, Romania, South Africa,
Switzerland, the United States and Uruguay.
primary objectives of the Agreement, like its predecessor, are to promote the expansion,
liberalization and stability of the international meat and livestock market by improving
the international framework of world trade to the benefit of consumers and producers,
importers and exporters; to encourage greater international cooperation in all aspects
affecting trade in bovine meat and live animals; and to secure additional benefits for the
international trade of developing countries in bovine meat and live animals. Back