Mike Moore's speeches
It is a great
pleasure for me to address this 32nd annual meeting of the Joint Advisory Group
of the ITC, especially since I am sharing the honour with my good friend Rubens Ricupero.
The WTO and UNCTAD take a particular satisfaction in the successes of the ITC in a
sense, we are like two proud parents at the graduation of a child prodigy.
As you know I am
stepping down as head of the WTO in less than two week's time. Let me take this
opportunity to make three points about the relevance and importance of our collaboration
over the past four years.
foremost, I want to sincerely commend Denis BÚlisle and his staff at the International
Trade Centre for really very exceptional quality of their efforts and their vision. Denis,
I am well aware that you head a small secretariat with a limited budget - that you face
many of the same constraints that we do in the WTO. And yet by building linkages with
other international organizations, with national governments, with the private sector, you
have leveraged your small resources behind a difficult but centrally important challenge
the challenge of helping the marginalized and least-developed countries enter the
mainstream of a fast-globalizing economy. You are a model for the way other international
organizations should be working together must work together in the future
and we can all learn from you.
importance of the integrated framework strategy. A year and a half ago, the WTO
along with the ITC, UNCTAD, the World Bank, the IMF, UNDP and national governments
held the first High-Level Meeting on Least-developed Countries. The aim was to devise an
integrated approach for assisting these countries in enhancing their trade opportunities,
and the main outcome was the Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance.
What is the
fundamental idea behind the Integrated Framework? The fundamental idea is that an
effective development strategy must begin with the least-developed countries themselves.
Capacity building, macro-economic stability, institution building, better education and
skills training only the governments concerned can make a difference in these
critical areas. Our objective as international organization should not be to impose our
solutions or our ideas on developing countries. Our objective is to work together to give
these countries the best possible opportunity and the resources they need - to help
themselves. Through the integrated framework, all of the international players work
directly with the countries themselves to design results oriented programmes, tailored to
already taken a number of steps to translate the Integrated Framework into action
including the establishment of its Administrative Unit here in the ITC. Some 40 different
national government have now completed their needs assessments, and we have prepared 40
integrated responses. One roundtable meeting has been organized in Kampala, and 21 more
are planned for the immediate future. We in WTO are working closely with the other
agencies involved to ensure that we see positive results from the Integrated Framework
and one important marker will clearly be the report that we will make to the
Seattle Ministerial Conference.
subject of results, let me offer a cautionary note: It is obviously much more difficult to
achieve "bottom-up" solutions to the problems of least-developed countries than
to impose "top-down" answers from Geneva or Washington or New York. It takes
longer. It is messier and more complex. It involves real countries with their real-life
problems, fears, aspirations. But it is also the only way we are going to make durable
progress. I urge you not to be discouraged because you have faced difficulties in these
early stages. The reality that the least-developed countries present immense challenges
cannot be an alibi for abandoning this strategy before it has had a chance to work. This
is the future we can't afford to give up on it.
me to my third point the need to see development as part of a larger global
challenge. Trade provides us with a powerful tool for development. It cannot provide all
the answers. I believe that the high degree of interdependence we have reached lends a
powerful weight to the kind of approach we have together pioneered with the Integrated
We need a new
strategy for development which involves all the international and national stakeholders at
the highest level a truly integrated strategy which embraces not only trade and
investment, but also sustainable development, debt relief, capacity building, health care,
education, social safety nets, poverty eradication, human rights, cultural diversity,
gender equality in short what we call "human security" - all as subjects
which must be embraced in an improved concept of global economic management. Without a
coherent plan for tackling the unacceptable marginalization we see in the world today we
risk building this new global economy on foundations of sand.
Last week at
the Institut pour les Hautes Etudes Internationales, in my last public speech, I offered
some conclusions I have drawn from my four years as Director-General. I am increasingly
convinced that the international system has to adapt to realities of globalization in
three main ways: We need to move towards more collective leadership for the international
system one which reflects the reality of a multi-polar world, and especially the
emergence of new developing country powers. We need to look at the policy challenges we
face as pieces of a larger interconnected puzzle. And we need a new forum for the
management of these complex issues one that is truly representative of the new
global realities, and which can bring world leaders together to tackle an expanded policy
agenda. The Millennium Summit, recently decided upon by the General Assembly of the United
Nations, could be the appropriate occasion to move towards a global architecture that can
meet the challenges of globalization.
today is to improve the governance of interdependence - and to increase its human and
development dimension, not to refuse it. The WTO is, in a certain sense, a product and a
symbol of the globalization process. There is a growing recognition that the international
rule of law must become a main pillar of our globalizing world and that the WTO can
offer a useful model for international cooperation in other areas. There is also a growing
awareness of the inter-linkages among all these issues. It is clear that the WTO cannot
drift away from its trade vocation. But it is becoming equally clear that the WTO cannot
operate in isolation from the concerns of the world in which it exists.
the ITC and UNCTAD, we have already taken an important step towards a more coherent and
inclusive approach to development. Let us continue to blaze a trail forward. Thank you.