Analysis, statistics, publications, downloads, links, etc

WTO ANALYTICAL INDEX: INDEX

Index

The following index covers the body text of this book but not the text of the WTO Agreements. Disputes have been indexed under the name of the WTO Member respondent in the dispute and under the subject matter.

Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Z

150pxls.gif (76 bytes)
 


T

tables showing

AB appointments DSU 838

ad hoc procedural “sequencing” agreements (DSU 21.5/DSU 22.6) DSU 1156

amicus curiae briefs DSU 745

appealed reports (DSU 17.4) DSU 839

Article 21.3(b) agreements DSU 1017

Article 21.3(c) “reasonable period” awards DSU 1019

Article 22.6 arbitration proceedings, time taken DSU 1214

Article 22.6 proceedings, decisions DSU 1213

BCI additional procedures DSU 921

disputes by covered agreement DSU 1746

expert evidence (DSU 13.2/SPS 11.2) DSU 768

multiple panels (DSU 9.3) DSU 461

non-violation complaints (GATT XXIII:1(b)) DSU 1348

panel’s exercise of right to seek information from IGOs (DSU 13/ SPS 11.2) DSU 755

public hearings (panel) DSU 925

public observation of oral hearing/ “passive participation” (ABWP 27(3)) DSU 1452

separate opinions (AB) (DSU 17.11) DSU 889

separate opinions (Article 22.6 decisions) DSU 1215

single panels (DSU 9.2) DSU 445

third party enhanced rights DSU 494

time taken from circulation of AB report to date of adoption (DSU 17.14) DSU 904

time taken from panel establishment to determination of reasonable period of time (DSU 21.4) DSU 10989

time taken to complete

AB proceedings (DSU 17.5) DSU 840

Article 21, 5 proceedings DSU 1155

Article 21.3(c) proceedings DSU 1097

dispute proceedings DSU 443, 834, 996

panel procedings DSU 712

 

tariff concessions: see Schedules of Concessions (GATT II)

 

tariff data bases: see consolidated tariff databases

 

tariff initiatives

Information Technology Agreement (Singapore) GATT 1939

sectoral discussions and negotiations GATT 200

 

tariff negotiations (GATT XXVIII bis and Ad Article) GATT 10867

GATT practice GATT 1087

 

tax discrimination: see national treatment tax discrimination (GATT III:2)

 

TBT Agreement

see also consultation and dispute settlement (TBT 14); “international standards … as a basis for technical regulation” (TBT 2.4/Annex 1); MFN treatment (TBT 2.1); notification procedures (TBT 2.9); TBT Committee; TBT standards, preparation, adoption and application (TBT 4 and Annex 3 (Code of Good Practice)); technical assistance (TBT 11); technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures, information and assistance (TBT 10–12); technical regulations and standards, conformity with (TBT 5–9); technical regulations (TBT 2/Annex 1.1) see also under TBT standards, preparation, adoption and application (TBT 4 and Annex 3 (Code))

definitions (TBT 1.1 and Annex 1), international standards definitions and (TBT 1.1) TBT 89

GATT III:4 and GATT 418

object and purpose (preamble)

as aid to interpreting TBT Agreement TBT 17

avoidance of unnecessary obstacles to trade/regulatory autonomy TBT 4, 23

functional approach to requirements (TBT 2.8) and TBT 76

GATT objectives and TBT 13

reservations (TBT 15.1) WTO 297

review of implementation

annual reviews TBT 150

contents of Members’ statements (TBT 15.2) TBT 149

Triennial Reviews of Operation and Implementation (TBT 15.4) TBT 151

 

TBT Code of Good Practice (TBT Annex 3) TBT 1707

 

TBT Committee (TBT 13)

establishment WTO 93

implementation of TBT Agreement

annual reviews (TBT 15.3) TBT 150

consideration of specific trade concerns TBT 1446

Triennial Reviews of Operation and Implementation (TBT 15.4) TBT 151

recommendations and decisions relating to

Code of Good Practice (TBT Annex 3) TBT 1707

conformity assessment procedures (central government) (TBT 5) TBT 11115

conformity assessment procedures (Local government) (TBT 7) TBT 11819

information about technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures (TBT 10) TBT 1206

information exchange (central government assessment of conformity assessment) TBT 11617

notification procedures (TBT 2.9) TBT 8199

observer status TBT 143

preparation, adoption and application of standards (TBT 4) TBT 10810

regional standards-related activities TBT 110

principles for the development of international standards TBT 75

review of implementation (TBT 15.2) TBT 149

special and differential treatment (TBT 12) TBT 1324

technical assistance (TBT 11) TBT 12731

rules of procedure (1995) WTO 94, TBT 142

Technical Working Group TBT 111

 

TBT objectives (TBT preamble) and TBT 5

 

TBT standards, preparation, adoption and application (TBT 4 and Annex 3 (Code of Good Practice)), TBT Committee decisions relating to TBT 1089, 1707

 

technical assistance (SPS 9)

Equivalence Decision and SPS 114

special and differential treatment (SPS 10) (Doha) SPS 3778

 

technical assistance (TBT 11)

information exchange TBT 1301

TBT recommendations and decisions relating to TBT 12731

 

technical barriers to trade (AIR 3) AIR 20

 

technical cooperation and capacity building (Doha)

Global Trust Fund WTO 188

Institute for Training and Technical Cooperation DSU 1357

Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to least-developed countries and Joint Integrated Technical Assistance and Joint Integrated Technical Assistance Programme (JITAP), identification of ways of enhancing and rationalizing, 1.111: see also Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to least-developed countries (IF)

priorities, accession to membership

WTO Guidelines (1996) WTO 108

 

technical cooperation (TRIPS 67)

contact points for exchange of information between donors and recipients TRIPS 300

developed countries’ presentations of technical and financial cooperation programmes TRIPS 299

IGOs and TRIPS 299

WIPO Copyright Agreement (1996) WTO 162, TRIPS 301

 

technical and financial assistance and training

agricultural productivity and food aid

Doha AG 156, 217

Singapore AG 154

SPS measures (Doha) SPS 3778

 

technical regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures, information and assistance (TBT 10–12)

information about regulations, standards and conformity assessment procedures (TBT 10) TBT 1206

translation (TBT 10.5) TBT 90, 124

notification of agreement on technical regulations, standards or conformity assessment procedures which may have a significant effect on trade (TBT 2.10) TBT 1256

special and differential treatment (TBT 12): see special and differential treatment (TBT 12)

technical assistance (TBT 11) TBT 12731

 

technical regulations and standards, conformity with (TBT 5–9)

assessment procedures (central government bodies) (TBT 5), TBT decisions and recommendations relating to TBT 11115

assessment procedures (local government), notification of proposed procedures (TBT 2.7), TBT decisions and recommendations relating to TBT 11819

assessment procedures and technical regulation distinguished TBT 168

enquiry points (TBT 10.1 and 10.3) TBT 1213

exchange of information in relation to central governments’ recognition of conformity assessment by central governments (TBT 6) TBT 11617

Technical Working Group and TBT 111

 

technical regulations (TBT 2/Annex 1.1)

changing circumstances and (TBT 2.3) TBT 47

conformity assessment procedures distinguished TBT 168

functional approach to (TBT 2.8) TBT 7680

interpretation in accordance with terms, context, object and purpose TBT 80

specificity, relevance TBT 80

test for determining compliance with TBT 79

“wherever appropriate” TBT 779

burden of proof TBT 78

measures not qualifying as/ SPS measures TBT 22, 245

MFN treatment (TBT 2.1) and TBT 1517, 32, 168

“not more trade-restrictive than necessary to fulfil a legitimate objective” (TBT 2.2) TBT 267

availability of less trade-restrictive alternative TBT 267

burden of proof TBT 289

“for this purpose” /interrelationship between first and second sentences TBT 335

functional approach to (TBT 2.8) and TBT 76

“legitimate objective”

multiple objectives TBT 423

qualification as TBT 267, 445

as starting point for analysis TBT 41

“necessary”

GATT XX and TBT 378

SPS 5.6 footnote 3 and TBT 39, 3940

special account of needs of developing countries (TBT 12) distinguished TBT 136

“taking account of risks” of non-fulfilment TBT 46

TBT 2.1 (MFN treatment) distinguished TBT 32

“trade-restrictive” TBT 36

two-step analysis TBT 301

publication of regulations/entry into force (TBT 2.12), “reasonable interval” TBT 1047

“technical regulation” (Annex 1.1) TBT 15566

“identifiable product or group of products” TBT 156

express identification, relevance TBT 156

mandatory compliance TBT 1614

measure as a whole, need to consider TBT 165

“product characteristics” TBT 15760

negative form TBT 15960

ordinary meaning TBT 157

three-tier test/order of analysis (TBT 2.4) TBT 48, 155

 

telecommunications (GATS)

see also International Telecommunications Union (ITU); TBT standards preparation adoption and application of (TBT 4 and Annex 3 (Code))

cross-border trade, relevant factors (GATS I:2(a))

commercial presence, sufficiency (GATS I:2(c)) GATS 22, 148

degree of interaction between suppliers GATS 20

links to another operator GATS 21

ownership and control of infrastructure to supply service GATS 1719

supplier’s place of operation or presence GATS 16

MFN treatment (GATS II), exemption GATS 43

Negotiating Group on Basic Telecommunications, establishment GATS 170, 216

 

telecommunications, GATS Annex on Basic Telecommunications

access and use (Section 5)

“any service supplier of any other member … for a service included in its schedule” (Section 5(a)) GATS 243

by scheduled suppliers of basic telecommunications GATS 2424

“conditions” (Section 5(e)) GATS 252

developing countries’ right to place reasonable conditions on (Section 5(g)) GATS 256

interrelationship between Section 5(a) and Section 5(b)-(f) GATS 2456

“necessary” (Section 5(e)) GATS 2534

“reasonable and non-discriminatory” terms and conditions (Section 5(a)) GATS 245

“reasonable” (Section 5(a)) GATS 2489

“shall apply to all measures” (Section 2(a)) GATS 242

“subject to paragraphs (e) and (f)” GATS 250

“terms” (Section 5(a)) GATS 247

Reference Paper on Basic Telecommunications and GATS 257

“shall ensure” /obligation (Section 5(b)) GATS 251

unscheduled service, prevention (Section 5(e)(iii)) GATS 255

 

telecommunications, GATS XVIII Reference Paper on Basic Telecommunications

Annex on Basic Telecommunications and GATS 257

“anti-competitive practices” (Section 1.1)

“anti-dumping practices” GATS 1357

cross-subsidization GATS 138

horizontal price-fixing GATS 1367

“major supplier” and GATS 136

practices not listed under Section 1.2 GATS 137, 138

practices required by domestic law, relevance GATS 13841

proportionate return system GATS 143

setting of uniform price GATS 142

“appropriate measures” (Section 1.1) GATS 144

cross-border supply, applicability to GATS 1459

“specific commitments undertaken” (Section 2.1) GATS 145

interconnection (Section 2) GATS 14560

cost-oriented rates (Section 2.2(b)) GATS 15360

“cost-oriented rates” (Section 2.2(b))

aggregate price for domestic use/price for international use comparison, validity GATS 1589

incremental cost methodologies and GATS 155

international grey market rates, relevance GATS 160

ordinary meaning GATS 1535

“reasonable” GATS 156

“major supplier” (Section 2.2) and GATS 150

“major supplier” (definitions)

“ability to materially affect …” GATS 151

competitive safeguards (Section 1.1) and GATS 136

“control over essential facilities” GATS 152

interconnection (Section 2.2) and GATS 150

relevant market, relevance GATS 150

“use of its position in the market” GATS 152

text GATS 134

unilateral action by Member (DSU 23.1) and GATS 140

use of GATS 134

 

termination of panel DSU 182

 

termination of treaty for breach (VCLT 60), rights created prior to and (VCLT 70) DSU 1176, 1218, 1673

 

terms of reference (Committees and Working Groups): see individual Committees and Working Groups

  

terms of reference of panels (DSU 7)

see also competence of panels and AB (DSU 3.2/DSU 11/DSU 17); identification of specific measures (DSU 6.2); “measures at issue” (DSU 6.2); relationships within and between agreements; request for establishment of panel, requirements (DSU 6.2); review of implementation of DSB rulings (DSU 21.5); competence of DSU 21.5 (compliance) panel; standard/powers of review (panel) (AD 17.6); standard/powers of review (panel) (DSU 11) see also under DSU, applicability, legal basis of claim/ “claim” / “matter referred” (DSU 6.2/7.1)

abandoned claim, right to resurrect AD 902, DSU 41314

as definition of jurisdiction/legal claims at issue SPS 345, DSU 3603

consideration of issues outside terms of reference, exclusion SPS 422, 548, DSU 40810

elaboration/addition in first submission, relevance DSU 41112, 446

elaboration/addition later than first submission DSU 446

failure to make specific mention of alleged inconsistency (DSU 23.2(a)) DSU 415

implied claims DSU 343, 416, 676

material used in defence distinguished DSU 410

“relevant provisions” DSU 424

“shall address the relevant provisions” (DSU 7.2) DSU 4223

specific legal claim included in terms of reference, limitation to DSU 324, 40810, 41518

due process and DSU 360

failure of parties to produce evidence or arguments SG 18

“matter” (DSU 7.1/AD 17.4) AD 898, 951, DSU 370, 3702, 429

preliminary ruling on DSU 418

request for establishment of panel as basis AD 900, DSU 143, 18691, 192, 2014, 411, 414

special terms of reference (DSU 7.3) DSU 425

timeliness of objections DSU 3679, 799801, 800

title of case, relevance DSU 192

unilateral amendment, exclusion DSU 386

 

territorial application, customs territories and frontier traffic (GATT XXIV)

see also customs unions (GATT XXIV:5(a)); RTAs (GATT XXIV:5)

as derogation from GATT provisions in general GATT 1052

GATT practice GATT 996

interpretation as a whole GATT 9991001

object and purpose (GATT XXIV:4), “not to raise barriers to trade” GATT 999

obligation to ensure GATT compliance by regional and local governments (GATT XXIV:12) GATT 1038

 

territorial scope of treaties (VCLT 29) DSU 1529

 

textile quotas, circumvention (ATC 5) ATC 1519

“appropriate action, to the extent necessary … ” (ATC 5.4) ATC 16

“other remedies in consultation” ATC 1719

false declaration (ATC 5.6) ATC 20

introduction of new restraints, admissibility ATC 20

 

Textiles and Clothing Agreement (ATC)

see also consultations (ATC 6.7); notification requirements (ATC 2); notification requirements (ATC 3); notification requirements (ATC 6); quantitative restrictions (ATC 2) (integration process); quantitative restrictions (ATC 3); textile quotas, circumvention (ATC 5); transitional safeguards (ATC 6)

MFA (Multifibre Agreement), replacement for ATC 1

object and purpose ATC 34, 8, 9

termination (1 January 2005) (ATC 9) ATC 1, 105

transitional exceptions to GATT XI and XIII ATC 4

 

Textiles Monitoring Body (TMB)

composition (ATC 8.1) ATC 92

ad personam status of members ATC 934

DSU 8.3 distinguished DSU 433

recommendations

inability to conform (ATC 8.10) ATC 103

legal status (ATC 8.9) ATC 102

review of integration process (ATC 8.11), reports to Council for Trade in Goods ATC 104

review proceedings

information made available at time of request for consultations (ATC 6.7), limitation to SPS 2, ATC 27

inadequacy of information ATC 4950, 6973

right to request establishment of panel (DSU 4) following completion (ATC 8.10) SPS 2, ATC 19

statements during, admissibility in panel proceedings (DSU 11) ATC 234

role (ATC 8)

dispute settlement panels distinguished ATC 90

Singapore Declaration ATC 88

standard/powers of review (ATC 8.3) ATC 99101

statements relating to

agreed administrative arrangements (ATC 2.17) ATC 11

conformity with ATC provisions, need for (ATC 2.4) ATC 10

consultations (ATC 6.7) ATC 6973

inability to conform with TMB recommendations (ATC 8.10) ATC 103

provisional application of restraint measures authorized under ATC 10 (ATC 6.11) ATC 81, 812

restrictions other than those covered by the MFA (ATC 3) ATC 13

review proceedings ATC 27

transitional safeguards (ATC 6.2), requirements ATC 2930, 32, 334, 39, 4950, 53

transparency requirement ATC 88

Working Procedures (ATC 8.2)

adoption ATC 95

“consensus” ATC 978

Rules of Procedure, adoption ATC 96

 

Thailand — Cigarettes (Philippines) (AB), WT/DS371/AB/R

AB procedures (DSU 17.9 and ABWP), documents (ABWP 18), failure to file by deadline (ABWP 18(1)) DSU 1402

business confidential information (BCI)

AB (ABWP 16(1)) DSU 1381

additional procedures, panel (DSU 12.1) DSU 1381

domestic law, as fact for purposes of international adjudication DSU 533

due process (dispute settlement proceedings)

concept and purpose DSU 669

objective assessment obligations (DSU 11) and DSU 621

panel working procedures, need for DSU 673

implementation of panel or AB recommendations (DSU 19.1), measure terminated in course of proceedings/no longer in existence DSU 9389

national treatment, tax discrimination (GATT III:2), determination of violation, elements, discrimination between resellers of imported and domestic product GATT 270

panel reports, high quality/flexibility of panel procedures balance (DSU 12.2) DSU 681

standard/powers of review (panel) (DSU 11)

“objective assessment of matter before it”

due process and DSU 621

independent assessment of domestic law DSU 533

 

Thailand — Cigarettes (Philippines) (Panel), WT/DS371/R

burden of proof, good faith (including pacta sunt servanda principle (VCLT 26)) DSU 1513

confidential information (VAL 10) VAL 47

consultation and dispute settlement (VAL 19)

standard of review of claims under (DSU 11) VAL 47

applicability of DSU 11 VAL 4

VAL 1.1 and 1.2(a) claims VAL 5

VAL 7.1 claims VAL 67

customs value determination (VAL)

confidential information (VAL 10) VAL 47

deductible items (VAL 5.1(a)) VAL 348

documented link to GAQ sale VAL 35

provincial taxes VAL 37

sales allowances VAL 36

transportation costs VAL 38

deductive valuation method (VAL 7.1/VAL 5.1) VAL 308

consultation requirement VAL 323

explanation of how customs value determined (VAL 16)

ex post facto explanations VAL 7

form and timing VAL 557

obligation to explain grounds (VAL 1.2(a)) distinguished VAL 58

scope VAL 524

“reasonable means” (VAL 7), “cannot be determined” (VAL 7.1) VAL 29

sequencing nature of VAL 1–7 valuation methods, “reasonable means” (VAL 7.1), exclusion as basis of independent sequencing claim VAL 9, 28

transaction value

conditions (VAL 1.2(a)) VAL 14

examination of circumstances of sale in related-party transaction (VAL 1.2(a)) VAL 1519

balance of importer/customs authorities’ responsibilities VAL 1718

“examine” (ordinary meaning/context) VAL 1718

procedural obligations (including Interpretative Note to VAL 1.3) VAL 1516

responsibility for providing information VAL 17

substantive obligations VAL 1718

obligation to communicate grounds for rejecting of transaction value VAL 201

“transaction value” (VAL 1.1) VAL 14

unit price at which goods are sold in country of importation (VAL 5), Members’ right to choose method for determining VAL 25

dispute settlement (SG 14)

standard of review (DSU 11)

“objective assessment of the facts”

de novo review, exclusion VAL 19 n. 34

reasoned and adequate explanation (SG 4.2(a)) and VAL 19 n. 34

General Exceptions (GATT XX(d)), measures necessary to secure compliance with GATT-consistent measure, constituent elements

“laws or regulations” GATT 926

“necessary”, GATT III:4 (regulatory discrimination) and GATT 386

good faith (including pacta sunt servanda principle (VCLT 26)), as fundamental rule of treaty interpretation DSU 1513

implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings, surveillance (DSU 21), “recommendations and rulings” DSU 1006

implementation of panel or AB recommendations (DSU 19.1), measure terminated in course of proceedings/no longer in existence DSU 940

interpretation of covered agreements, rules relating to including VCLT provisions, same or closely related phrases in different agreements, SG 3.1/VAL 1.2(a) VAL 18

legislation as such, right to challenge (WTO XVI:4), mandatory/ discretionary legislation, distinguishability, assessment of mandatory nature DSU 294 n. 467

lex specialis/presumption against treaty conflicts DSU 1713

General Interpretative Note (WTO Annex 1A) DSU 1728

possibilities of conflict considered by panel/AB, GATT X:3/VAL 11.1 DSU 1728

“like product” (GATT III:2 and III:4)

GATT III:4 compared GATT 259

nationality of producer or origin of product (“hypothetical” like products) GATT 340

relevant factors GATT 244

national treatment, regulatory discrimination (GATT III:4), “less favourable treatment”, methodology of comparison GATT 375

national treatment, tax discrimination (GATT III:2)

“charge of any kind” GATT 263

determination of violation, elements, timing/point of collection, relevance GATT 269

publication and administration of trade regulations (GATT X)

“administrative action relating to customs matters” (GATT X:3(b)) GATT 583

burden of proof GATT 516

“confidential information” (GATT X:1) GATT 538

“laws, regulations, judicial decisions and administrative rulings” (GATT X:1) GATT 51416

measures of general application (GATT X:1) GATT 51416, 524

absence of written rules and GATT 514, 516

government involvement in price determination, need for GATT 515

“rule of general application” GATT 514

“prompt review and correction” (GATT X:3(b)) GATT 5812

disproportionate delay and GATT 582

due process considerations GATT 581

independent review requirement GATT 582

“shall be published” (GATT X:1) GATT 532

“in such a manner as to enable…” GATT 536

uniform, impartial and reasonable administration (GATT X:3(a))

appointment to monopoly as application of customs laws GATT 559, 570

burden of proof GATT 558

dual function officials and GATT 575

“impartial”, dual function officials GATT 559, 570

“reasonable”

disproportionate delay GATT 576

dual function officials and GATT 578

“shall administer” /applicability to substantive rule GATT 560

“uniform”, “impartial” and “reasonable” as independent elements GATT 550

relationships within and between agreements

GATT III:4/GATT XX GATT 386

VAL 1.2(a)/Val 16 VAL 58

standard/powers of review (AB) (issues of law and legal interpretations) (DSU 17.6), law vs fact, panel as trier of facts VAL 5

standard/powers of review (panel) (AD 17.6), assessment of the facts (AD 17.6(i)), de novo review, exclusion VAL 19 n. 34

standard/powers of review (panel) (DSU 11)

“objective assessment of the facts” /alleged disregard or distortion of the evidence, de novo review, exclusion VAL 6

“objective assessment of matter before it”

reasoned and adequate explanation (VAL 1) and VAL 5

ex post facto explanation, sufficiency VAL 7

 

Thailand — H-Beams (AB), WT/DS122/AB/R, DSR 2001:VII

amicus curiae briefs, confidential information obligations (DSU 18.2) DSU 914

burden of proof (general rules), prima facie case requirement, explicit finding, relevance DSU 551

confidentiality of proceedings (DSU 14/DSU 17.10/DSU 18.2/WP 3)

evidence of breach DSU 914

obligation to respect/ensure respect for DSU 914

confidentiality of proceedings (DSU 14/DSU 17.10/DSU 18.2/WP 3/ABWP 27), amicus curiae briefs and DSU 914

determination of injury (AD 3)

“positive evidence” / “objective examination” requirement (AD3.1)

AD 17.6 (standard of review) distinguished AD 187

admissibility of undisclosed evidence AD 1857, 91718

“facts, not merely allegation, conjecture or remote possibility” requirement (AD 3.7) and AD 186

“objective examination”, industry as a whole, need to examine AD 187

threat of material injury (AD 3.7)

“facts, not merely allegation, conjecture or remote possibility” AD 186

positive evidence requirement (AD 3.1) AD 186

underlying principles (AD 3.1) and AD 169, 177

due process (anti-dumping measures) (AD 6), as underlying principle AD 186

due process (dispute settlement proceedings), prejudice to party, relevance DSU 342

evidence (dumping investigation) (AD 6)

due process, AD 6 as framework AD 186

opportunity for defence of interests, right to (AD 6.2) AD 186

good faith engagement in dispute settlement procedures (DSU 3.10) DSU 306

prompt request for clarification of information DSU 119, 306

identification of specific measures (DSU 6.2), specificity, preliminary ruling on DSU 342

information or technical advice, panel’s right to seek (DSU 13.1/SPS 11.2), “from any individual or body”, parties DSU 748

investigation of dumping (AD 5)/subsidy (SCM 11), sufficiency of evidence (AD 5.3), determination of sufficiency AD 186

legal basis of claim / “claim” / “matter referred” (DSU 6.2/7.1)

clarification of claim during proceedings DSU 306, 342

reliance on issues raised in underlying anti-dumping dispute DSU 322

summary “sufficient to present the problem clearly” DSU 306

ordinary meaning of terms used in covered agreements

“establishment” AD 917

“proper” AD 917

“unbiased and objective” AD 920

preliminary rulings on

amicus curiae briefs DSU 914

specificity of request for panel (DSU 6.2) DSU 342

prompt and satisfactory settlement (DSU 3.3), ABWP and DSU 306

public notice and explanation of determinations (AD 12), as due process requirement AD 186, 268 n. 384

public notice of preliminary or final determination (AD 12.2)

“all relevant information on the matters of fact and law and reasons for” measures (AD 12.2.2) AD 186

“all relevant information on the matters of fact and law and reasons” for measures (AD 12.2.2) AD 186

relationships within and between agreements

AD 3 as a whole AD 169

AD 3.1/AD 3.7 AD 186, 218

request for establishment of panel, requirements (DSU 6.2), due process/ability to defend itself considerations DSU 3412

standard/powers of review (panel) (AD 17.6)

assessment of the facts (AD 17.6(i))

AD 3.1 (determination of injury) distinguished AD 187

“unbiased and objective” AD 920

“facts made available” (AD 17.5(ii))

disclosure/discernibility to interested parties by time of final determination, relevance AD 188, 91718, 920

undisclosed facts AD 906

investigating authorities’ establishment of the facts (AD 17.6(i)), “proper” AD 917

 

Thailand — H-Beams (Panel), WT/DS122/R, DSR 2001:VII

Anti-Dumping Agreement (AD), preparatory work (VCLT 32), AD 3.4 AD 249

customary international law rules of interpretation [as codified in the VCLT] as applicable law (DSU3.2), DSU 3.2 AD 249 n. 349

data collection period (AD 2 and AD 3), frequency of analysis for AD 3.2 purposes AD 221

determination of dumping (AD 2)

calculation of SG&A costs (AD 2.2.2)

AD 3.6 and AD 67

reasonability test, relevance AD 745

“same general category of products” (AD 2.2.2(i)) AD 657

AD 2.2.2 and AD 66

AD 3.6 and AD 67

“normal value … in the ordinary course of trade” (AD 2.1)

calculation of administrative, selling and general costs and profits (AD 2.2.2)

actual books and records as basis AD 66

reasonability test, relevance AD 745

determination of injury (AD 3)

“consider … a significant increase in dumped imports”, methods, authorities’ freedom of choice AD 219

evaluation of injury factors (AD 3.4)

all relevant economic factors and indices having a bearing on

checklist approach AD 265 n. 379

grammatical structure, relevance AD 250

“including” AD 249

“or” AD 250

“evaluation” AD 258

examination of other known factors (AD 3.5)

illustrative nature of list AD 282

“known” to investigating authority AD 279

significant increase in dumped imports (AD 3.2)

frequency of analysis AD 221

“shall consider” AD 224

“significant”, alternative formulations AD 224, 256 n. 360

due process (dispute settlement proceedings), prejudice to party, relevance DSU 325

interpretation of covered agreements, rules relating to including VCLT provisions

dictionaries AD 224, 388

narrow/broad interpretation AD 66

text/plain language (VCLT 31(2)) AD 74

investigation of dumping (AD 5)/subsidy (SCM 11)

notification to government of exporting Member (AD 5.5)

content AD 389

form of notification AD 388

public notice and explanation of determinations (AD 12) distinguished AD 421

sufficiency of evidence (AD 5.3)

evidence of causal link (AD 5.2(iv)), “information” and analysis distinguished AD 346

“simple assertion, unsubstantiated by relevant evidence” (AD 5.2), raw numerical detail AD 347

legal basis of claim / “claim” / “matter referred” (DSU 6.2/7.1)

arguments distinguished DSU 325

clarification of claim during proceedings DSU 325

identification of treaty provisions DSU 325

public notice and explanation of determinations (AD 12), notification to government of exporting Member (AD 5.5) distinguished AD 421

relationships within and between agreements

AD 2.2.2 as a whole AD 66

AD 2.2.2(i)/AD 3.6 AD 67

AD 3.1/AD 6 AD 186, 644

AD 5.5/AD 12.1 AD 421

standard/powers of review (panel) (AD 17.6), “facts made available” (AD 17.5(ii)), evidence before authority at time of determination, limitation to AD 916

transparency, written record/notification and AD 388

 

third party enhanced rights/rights beyond those indicated in DSU 10.2, DSU 10.3 and Appendix 3, para. 6 DSU 47694

abandoned claims and AD 902, DSU 413

agreement between the parties, relevance DSU 478, 491

extension to all parties DSU 482

GATT practice DSU 478

limited nature of DSU 4767

multiple complainants (DSU 9) and DSU 48894

opportunity to be heard at second substantive meeting DSU 479

opportunity to be heard (DSU 10.2) DSU 478, 516, 697

opportunity to comment on summary of own arguments DSU 485 n. 801

panel’s discretion and DSU 4778, 684

participation in interim review process (DSU 15) DSU 480, 7745

participation in proceedings initiated by another complainant (DSU 9) DSU 4889

presence at second substantive meeting DSU 479, 684

right to receive submissions to first meeting of the panel, limitation to (DSU 10.3) DSU 5036

as sole basis of rights DSU 4767

submission of additional written material, exclusion DSU 479

“substantial interest” (DSU 10.2) DSU 468

“sufficient to present their views” (Appendix 3, para. 6) DSU 479

table DSU 494

written submissions (DSU 10.2) DSU 478

 

third party participants (AB proceedings) (ABWP 24/ABWP 27) DSU 144951

“passive participation” (ABWP 27(3)): see public observation of oral hearing/ “passive participation” (ABWP 27(3))

role DSU 1442

time limits for filing of submissions (ABWP 26) DSU 1387

 

third party rights (Article 21.5 proceedings) DSU 5036

 

third party rights (Article 22.6 arbitrations) DSU 50710

 

third party rights (confidentiality considerations) DSU 169, 169 n. 206, 517, 888, 1483

 

third party rights (consultations (DSU 4.11)) DSU 1757, 468

confidentiality (DSU 4.6) and DSU 169, 517

 

third party rights (DSU 10 and Appendix 3)

17.466–74: see also amicus curiae briefs

authority of Panel to direct third-party participation DSU 512

“essential party” concept DSU 51314

notification of intention to participate in (DSU 10.2)

right to submit amicus curiae brief in absence of DSU 474

timeliness DSU 4703

Statement by GATT Council Chairman (June 1944) DSU 470

obligation of panels to take “fully” into account (DSU 10.1) DSU 4667

panel’s right to draw on third party submissions DSU 495500

participation in, preliminary proceedings DSU 5012

preliminary ruling on DSU 471, 505

review of surveillance of implementation of DSB rulings (DSU 21) DSU 5036

single panel proceedings (DSU 9.1) DSU 515

submission to original panel (DSU 10.4) DSU 475

 

threat of injury: see determination of injury (AD 3); safeguard measures, conditions (SG 2); transitional safeguards (ATC 6); serious damage or actual threat of (ATC 6.2)

 

TMB: see Textiles Monitoring Body (TMB)

 

Tokyo Round Anti-Dumping Code AD 533

developing countries (Tokyo 13) AD 854 n. 1152

legislation as such, right to challenge (WTO XVI:4) AD 878

 

Tokyo Round Customs Valuation Committee: see Customs Valuation Committee; adoption of Tokyo Round Committee decisions

 

TPRM: see Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM)

 

trade and competition policy, interaction between (Doha 23–5), market definitions, distinguishability GATT 206

 

Trade and Competition Policy, Working Group on Interaction between, establishment (Singapore Ministerial Conference) WTO 53, 66

 

Trade, Debt and Finance Working Group (Doha 36), establishment WTO 66

 

Trade and Development Committee (WTO IV:7)

annual reports WTO 104

establishment WTO 99

GATT practice WTO 122

observer status WTO 103

role, Enabling Clause notifications GATT 60, 64

rules of procedure (1995) WTO 74, 102

Special Session (Doha Round)

establishment WTO 156

special and differential treatment, review: see special and differential treatment for developing countries (Doha)

terms of reference WTO 1001

 

Trade and Environment Committee (WTO IV:7)

annual reports WTO 139

establishment WTO 99, 136

rules of procedure WTO 138

terms of reference WTO 136

work programme WTO 137

 

trade and environment (Doha 31–3)

July package (para. 1(f))

Special Session of the Trade and Environment, Committee on, responsibility for negotiations WTO 156

Trade and Environment Committee reports on WTO 137, 139

negotiations on relationship between WTO rules and MEAs (Doha)

report on, Ministerial request to Trade and Environment, Committee on WTO 137, 139

Special Session of the Trade and Environment, Committee on, responsibility for negotiations WTO 156

Special Session of the Trade and Environment, Committee on, establishment WTO 156

 

trade facilitation (Singapore Ministerial Conference)

developing countries and WTO 53

working group, establishment WTO 53

 

Trade and Investment, Working Group on Relationship between, establishment (Singapore Ministerial Conference) WTO 53, 66

 

trade names, obligation to comply with PC 8 as incorporated by TRIPS 2.1 TRIPS 19, 30, DSU 870

applicability of trademark findings TRIPS 55

MFN treatment (TRIPS 4), applicability of findings on trademarks TRIPS 67

ownership issues and TRIPS 31

 

Trade Negotiations Committee (TNC) WTO 1556

appointment of Director-General as chair WTO 155

establishment WTO 155

mandate

establishment of appropriate negotiating mechanism WTO 155

responsibility for overall conduct of Doha round negotiations WTO 155

supervision of progress of negotiations WTO 155

 

Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM)

dispute settlement/enforcement of specific obligations, exclusion (TRMS A(i)) TPRM 3, 56

minutes, unrestricted circulation (TPRM C(vi)) WTO 29 n. 35

mission (TPRM A) TPRM 1

GATT practice TPRM 24

reporting obligations (developments in international trading environment (TPRM G)) TPRM 29

reporting obligations (Members) (TPRM D) TPRM 24

GATT practice TPRM 23

timing of submission TPRM 25

reports (Secretariat), requirements TPRM 20

reports (TPRB) (TPRM C) TPRM 12

review of operation (TPRM F) TPRM 278

review procedures (TPRM C(ii))

grouped review of “entities having a common external policy” TPRM 1516

timing and frequency TPRM 1314

reviews of least-developed countries TPRM 17

reviews obligation (TPRM C(i)) WTO 79, TPRM 8

reviews (TPRM C(i)) TPRM 11

reviews (TPRM)/balance of payments consultations, coordination (TPRM E) TPRM 26

TPRB rules of procedure (1995) WTO 80, TPRM 8, 910, 18

transparency (TPRM B) TPRM 7

transparency (TPRM C)

derestriction of reports TRIPS 21, TPRM 21

dissemination of reviews (TPRM C(v)) TPRM 22

 

“trade in services” (GATS 1:2)

“commercial presence” (GATS 1:2(c)) GATS 22

commercial presence, sufficiency (GATS I:2(c)) GATS 22, 148

cross-border trade (GATS I:2(a)), relevant factors

degree of interaction between suppliers GATS 20

links to another operator GATS 21

means of delivery GATS 1415

ownership and control of infrastructure to supply service GATS 1719

supplier’s place of operation or presence GATS 16

“public long-distance voice telephone services” (UN 1991 Provisional Central Product Classification) GATS 18

 

trademarks (Paris Convention (PC))

protection in other countries of the Union (PC 6quinquies) TRIPS 25, 29

“as is” / “telle quelle” TRIPS 29

registration conditions (PC 6), Members’ discretion (PC 6(1)) TRIPS 25

State emblems, official hallmarks and emblems of intergovernmental organizations (PC 6ter) TRIPS 278

WIPO–WTO Agreement TRIPS 28

well-known trademarks, prohibition on use (PC 6 bis) TRIPS 26

 

trademarks (TRIPS Part II Section 2)

denial of protection on “other grounds” (TRIPS 15.2) TRIPS 128

“limited exceptions” (TRIPS 17) TRIPS 1368, DSU 1367

autonomy of provision/limited correlation with other TRIPS articles TRIPS 145

burden of proof TRIPS 144

“fair use of descriptive terms” TRIPS 138

“legitimate interests” TRIPS 13943

legal rights distinguished TRIPS 139

“of third parties” TRIPS 1423

“take account of” TRIPS 1401

trademarks, limitation to TRIPS 136

national treatment (TRIPS 3): see national treatment (TRIPS 3), “treatment no less favourable” (TRIPS 3.1)

“protectable subject-matter” (TRIPS 15) TRIPS 1278

“distinctiveness” requirements, restrictions on legislative conditions and TRIPS 127

rights conferred (TRIPS 16)

“exclusive right”, as negative right TRIPS 1313, 1367

“likelihood of confusion” TRIPS 134

“making rights available on the basis of use” TRIPS 135

“the owner” (TRIPS 16.1) TRIPS 130

usage and registration as basis of ownership distinguished TRIPS 130

special requirements (TRIPS 20) TRIPS 147

national treatment (TRIPS 3) and TRIPS 147

 

transfer of technology, measures to encourage (Doha 37), Working Group on Trade and the Transfer of Technology, establishment WTO 66

 

transformation into a market economy (SCM 29), special and differential treatment (SCM 27) and SCM 5756

 

transitional arrangements (existing programmes) (SCM 28.1), “inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement” (SCM 28.1) SCM 574

 

transitional exceptions to GATT XI and XIII ATC 4

 

transitional safeguard measures (SG) (China) (Accession Protocol 16) SG 31213

causation analysis (Protocol 16.4) SG 32532, 330

cumulative impact SG 329

non-attribution requirement SG 3312

“significant cause” SG 3268

compliance

burden of proof SG 314

standard of review (DSU 11) SG 313

consultations (Protocol 16.1)

significance of consultations provision SG 315

determination of market disruption (Protocol 16.4) as context SG 315

duration of remedy (Protocol 16.6) SG 333

market disruption (Protocol 16.4) SG 31932

“absolute” increase SG 322

as context for consultations (Protocol 16.1) SG 315

“increasing rapidly” SG 3224

investigation period SG 321

“material injury” vs “serious injury” SG 320

rate of increase, relevance SG 324

relevant factors. SG 319

notification requirement SG 316

“to the extent necessary” (Protocol 16.3) SG 31718

transitional safeguard measures (SG) (China) (Accession Protocol 16), market disruption (Protocol 16.4), “increasing rapidly” SG 3224

transitional safeguard (SG) (China) (Accession Protocol 16), market disruption (Protocol 16.4), as context for consultations (Protocol 16.1) SG 315

 

transitional safeguards (ATC 6)

attribution of damage from “sharp and substantial increase in imports” /criteria (ATC 6.4) ATC 21, 31, 5761

comparative analysis ATC 616

methodology ATC 656

reasons for requiring ATC 624

“from Member or Members individually” ATC 58, 60

proportionality and ATC 65

“sharp and substantial increase in imports” ATC 59

as balance of rights and obligations ATC 28, 76

burden of proof ATC 28, 66

consultations: see consultations (ATC 6.7)

“highly unusual and critical circumstances” (ATC 6.11) ATC 79, 813

“more favourable treatment” for re-imports (ATC 6.6(d))

“in the application of” (ATC 6, chapeau) ATC 67

options for ATC 68

notification requirements (ATC 6.1) ATC 22

object and purpose (ATC 1.1) and ATC 3

provisional application of restraint measures authorized under ATC 10 (ATC 11)

“highly unusual and critical circumstances” ATC 812

notification requirements (ATC 6) and ATC 81

procedural and substantive elements distinguished ATC 89

retroactivity (ATC 6.10) and ATC 79

relevant factors (ATC 6.3) ATC 21, 31, 546

obligation to examine all ATC 545

retroactivity (ATC 6.10): see retroactivity (trade measures) (ATC 6.10)

serious damage or actual threat of (ATC 6.2) ATC 21

“a particular product is being imported” ATC 32

“demonstrably” ATC 512

“directly competitive”

GATT III:2, applicability, see also directly competitive or substitutable products (GATT III:2)

GATT III:2, applicability ATC 43

proximity of relationship, relevance ATC 445

“domestic industry producing like and/or directly competitive products”

“and/or” ATC 478

captive production ATC 46

“domestic industry”, absence of ATC definition ATC 49

“producing” ATC 41

product-oriented definition ATC 40

due diligence review (DSU 11), available evidence, limitation to ATC 25, DSU 629

“in such increased quantities” ATC 334

investigation period

length ATC 38

recent damage, need for ATC 39, 53

“not by other factors” ATC 52

“or actual threat of” ATC 356

“serious damage”, change of equipment, whether ATC 37

specific factual information ATC 2930

 

translation

delays caused by (SG 12) SG 261, 264

interim review reports (DSU 15) DSU 81819

technical regulations documentation TBT 90, 124

 

transmittal of records (ABWP 25)

inclusion of correspondence not in the record of the panel proceedings DSU 1446

request to delay DSU 1445

 

transparency (AD 3 and 5)

see also confidential information (AD 6.5); public notice and explanation of determinations (AD 12)

written record/notification and (AD Agreement) AD 2678, 388

 

transparency (GATS preamble/III)

accountancy services and GATS 45

electronic commerce and GATS 44

notification of enquiry/contact points (GATS III:4/GATS IV:2) GATS 47, 50

notification formats GATS 46

as object and purpose GATS 12

 

transparency (government procurement): see government procurement transparency (Doha 26)

 

transparency mechanism (PTAs) (2010)

adoption WTO 121, GATT 61

applicability GATT 78, 1034

least-developed countries’ products GATT 1034

notifications as at 30 September 2011 GATT 104

referral for advice GATT 103

summary of provisions GATT 62

 

transparency mechanism (RTAs) (2006) WTO 120, 14850, GATT 104551

applicability (including Enabling Clause notifications) WTO 149, GATT 71, 1045

early announcement information GATT 1047

notification of changes GATT 1048

as provisional arrangement WTO 149, GATT 71, 1045

reporting obligations GATT 1049

review

examination of RTS, procedural changes following adoption WTO 154

participants WTO 150

postponement WTO 150

scope WTO 150

RTA database GATT 10501

factual abstracts GATT 1051

summary of provisions WTO 149, GATT 72

 

transparency and predictability requirement (LIC Preamble) LIC 1, 15

frequent changes to rules and LIC 15

non-automatic import licensing (LIC 3) and LIC 23

 

transparency (PSI 5–8) PSI 7

 

transparency of SPS regulations (SPS 7 and Annex B)

enquiry points (Annex B(3)), obligation to identify ALOP, whether SPS 545

notification procedures (Annex B(5)–(10))

obligation to “notify changes” SPS 3567, 357, 3601, 5478

obligation to “provide information” SPS 359

burden of proof SPS 548

two-pronged test for establishing requirement SPS 357

notification procedures (Annex B(5)–(10)), recommended procedures 1995–2008 SPS 362, 549

notification of the conclusion of equivalence agreements SPS 36

transparency enhancement Procedure (2009) (SPS 10) SPS 364, 3826

publication requirements (Annex (B)(1)-(2)) SPS 53944

provision of information distinguished SPS 543

“reasonable interval” (Annex B(2)) (Doha) SPS 544

“SPS regulations” for purpose of SPS 3556, 358, 53942, 5501

generally applicable measure concerning an SPS measure SPS 542

non-mandatory measures SPS 541

Recommended procedures for implementing the transparency obligations of the SPS Agreement SPS 36571

relationship between SPS 7 and Annex B SPS 5501

“significant effect on trade of other Members” (Annex B), notification requirements SPS 357 n. 442, 547

special and differential treatment (SPS 10) SPS 37986

transparency of SPS regulations (SPS 7 and Annex B), “SPS regulations” for purpose of, legal instruments as DSU 261

 

transparency (TPRM B) TPRM 7

  

transparency (TPRM C)

derestriction of reports (TPRM C(v)) TPRM 22

dissemination of reviews (TPRM C(v)) TPRM 22

 

transparency (TRIMs 6), notifications of publications in which TRIMs may be found (TRIMs 6(2)) TRIMs 378

 

transparency (WTO procedures), TMB ATC 88

 

treaties

see also domestic law; as justification for failure to fulfil international obligations exclusion (VCLT 27); non-retroactivity of treaties (VCLT 28)

as aid to interpretation of treaty between other parties DSU 1596

conclusion as exercise of inherent sovereign right DSU 17423

conflict between, definition and general principles DSU 1712

error (VCLT 48) DSU 1670

as customary international law DSU 1670

modification of multilateral treaties by some of the parties (VCLT 41) DSU 1668

options for opting out of treaty regime DSU 1595 n. 2468

provisional application (VCLT 25) DSU 1500

separability of provisions (VCLT 44) DSU 1669

successive treaties relating to the same subject matter (VCLT 30): see successive treaties relating to the same subject matter (VCLT 30)

termination by subsequent treaty (VCLT 59) DSU 1671

territorial scope (VCLT 29) DSU 1529

“treaty” (VCLT 31(1)) DSU 1541

 

treaty interpretation: see interpretation of covered agreements rules relating to including VCLT provisions

 

TRIMs Agreement

see also developing countries (TRIMs 4); Illustrative List (TRIMs 2.2); “investment measures” (TRIMs 1); notification obligations and procedures (TRIMs 2.1); notification and transitional arrangements (TRIMs 5); transparency (TRIMs 6)

as integral part of WTO Agreement TRIMs 89

quantitative measures (GATT XI and) GATT 409 n. 596, 6279, TRIMs 1516

review of operation (TRIMs 9) TRIMs 458

 

TRIMs Committee WTO 93

annual reports (TRIMs 7.3) TRIMs 43

role (TRIMs 7.2)

implementation issues relating to special and differential treatment for developing countries TRIMs 412

notifications (TRIMs 5.1 and 5.5) TRIMs 267, 40

rules of procedure WTO 94, TRIMs 39

 

TRIPS Agreement

see also Berne Convention/TRIPS; border measures special measures related to enforcement of (TRIPS Part III Section 4); copyright and related rights (TRIPS Part II Section 1); criminal procedures (TRIPS 61); developing countries (TRIPS); dispute settlement (TRIPS 64); fair and equitable procedures (TRIPS 42); geographical indications (TRIPS Part II Section 3); geographical indications (TRIPS Part II Section 3) (GIs); intellectual property conventions (TRIPS 2); intellectual property rights, acquisition and maintenance including inter partes procedures; intellectual property rights, availability, scope and use (TRIPS Part II); intellectual property rights, enforcement (TRIPS Part III); least-developed countries (LDCs) (TRIPS 66); MFN treatment (TRIPS 4); national treatment (TRIPS 3); notification obligations and procedures (TRIPS); Paris Convention (PC)/TRIPS; patents (TRIPS part II Section 5); pharmaceutical and agricultural chemical products, patent protection (TRIPS 70.8); technical cooperation (TRIPS 67); trade names, obligation to comply with PC 8 as incorporated by TRIPS 2.1; trademarks (TRIPS Part II Section 2); TRIPS Council; wines and spirits, additional protection for GIs (TRIPS 23)

amendment, acceptance requirements (WTO X:3) TRIPS 210

extension of period for acceptance WTO 215

notification of acceptances/non-entry into force WTO 216

amendment (WTO X:1) (Decision of 6 December 2005 and Protocol) WTO 21314

applicability to “nationals of other Members” (TRIPS 1.3)

“domiciled” / “real and effective … establishment” (PC 3) TRIPS 18, 23

GIs (TRIPS 22.2) and TRIPS 4, 155

international law criteria TRIPS 15, 523

national treatment (TRIPS 3.1) TRIPS 35

PC criteria for eligibility TRIPS 1516

“separate customs territory Member” (Footnote 1 to TRIPS 1.3) TRIPS 16

Berne Convention and (TRIPS 9): see Berne Convention/TRIPS

Declaration on Public Health (2001)

adoption (Doha 17) WTO 56, 67

compulsory licences (TRIPS 31) TRIPS 205

exhaustion (TRIPS 6) TRIPS 76

interpretation of TRIPS in light of object and purpose TRIPS 79, 83

enforcement: see intellectual property rights enforcement (TRIPS Part III)

exceptions: see copyright and related rights (TRIPS Part II Section 1), limitations and exceptions (TRIPS 13); patents (TRIPS part II Section 5), limited exceptions (TRIPS 30)

implementation obligation (TRIPS 1.1) TRIPS 511, 94 n. 95

domestic law, relevance TRIPS 5

freedom to choose method TRIPS 711, 1534

good faith (including pacta sunt servanda principle (VCLT 26)) TRIPS 77

implementation of more extensive protection, relevance TRIPS 6

more extensive protection option (TRIPS 1.1) TRIPS 6

Non-violation and Situation Complaints, Ministerial Conference Decision on (Geneva 2009) WTO 60

object and purpose (preamble/TRIPS 7) TRIPS 310

balance of rights and obligations TRIPS 77, 191

Declaration on Public Health (2001) and TRIPS 79, 83

Doha 19 and TRIPS 80

effective and adequate protection of intellectual property rights TRIPS 1, 3

interpretation of TRIPS and TRIPS 79

new rules and principles TRIPS 2

principles (TRIPS 8)

“anything not prohibited” /negative right approach TRIPS 81, 1313

Doha 19 and TRIPS 84

“protection” (TRIPS 3 and 4), applicability to intellectual property rights addressed by TRIPS (TRIPs 3 footnote 3) TRIPS 58, 68, 74

reservations (TRIPS 72) WTO 297

retroactivity (TRIPS 70.1) TRIPS 307, DSU 1524

review (TRIPS 71.1)

Council work programme (Doha 19) TRIPS 320

TRIPS Council consideration of (March 2000) TRIPS 319

transitional arrangements (TRIPS 65)

developing countries and TRIPS 186, 2889, 292

“lesser degree of consistency” (TRIPS 65.5) TRIPS 290

procedural nature TRIPS 287, 289

WIPO Copyright Agreement (1996) and: see WIPO Copyright Agreement (1996)

 

TRIPS Council (WTO IV:5)

functions WTO 88

observer status TRIPS 303

reporting procedures WTO 89

role and responsibilities in relation to

cooperation with WIPO bodies (TRIPs 68) WTO 165

Decision on implementation-related concerns (2000) WTO 156

extension of non-applicability of non-violation complaints (TRIPS 64.3) WTO 65, 88

geographical indications negotiations WTO 88

monitoring of operation of Agreement and compliance with obligations WTO 88

rules of procedure (1995) WTO 90, TRIPS 302

Special Session

establishment WTO 156

wines and spirits, initiation of work on GI negotiations WTO 156, TRIPS 1668

subsidiary bodies WTO 98

 

Turkey — Rice (Panel), WT/DS334/R, DSR 2007:VI

Agriculture Agreement (AG)

object and purpose (AG 4 (market access)) AG 55

object and purpose (preamble), fair and market-oriented agricultural trading system AG 5

dispute settlement, special provisions relating to developing countries

extension of periods established under DSU 4.7 and 8 (DSU 12.10) DSU 714

requirement for specific indication of form in which account has been taken of special needs (DSU 12.11) DSU 719

due process (dispute settlement proceedings), prejudice to party, relevance DSU 472

ex parte communications with panel or AB (DSU 18.1), party’s attempt to place limitation on handling of confidential communications DSU 909

interim review (DSU 15), changes to report in absence of request DSU 805

judicial economy LIC 33

prior decision on another point rendering discussion otiose LIC 29

“like product” (GATT III:2 and III:4). relevant factors. Competitive relationship GATT 324

market access, measures required to be converted into ordinary customs duties (AG 4.2 and footnote 1)

“discretionary import licensing” (footnote 1) AG 556

“quantitative import restrictions” (footnote 1) AG 50

“measures at issue” (DSU 6.2)

terminated measures

good faith obligation not to reintroduce DSU 393

termination following agreement on terms of reference DSU 393

national treatment, regulatory discrimination (GATT III:4), “requirements”, domestic purchase GATT 324

“quantitative import restrictions” (AG 4.2 footnote 1) AG 50

relationships within and between agreements

AG 4.2/LIC LIC 33

GATT III:4/LIC 3.5(h) LIC 33

third party rights (DSU 10 and Appendix 3), notification of intention to participate in (DSU 10.2), timeliness DSU 472

 

Turkey — Textiles (AB), WT/DS34/AB/R, DSR 1999:VI

arguendo assumptions, judicial economy and GATT 1041

burden of proof (general rules), defences and exceptions, GATT XXIV (RTAs) GATT 1035

competence of panels and AB (DSU 3.2/DSU 11/DSU 17), “may uphold, modify or reverse” panel findings (DSU 17.13), unappealed findings GATT 1041

customs unions (GATT XXIV:5(a))

chapeau, relationship with GATT 10034

as defence or exception (“shall not prevent”)

burden of proof GATT 1035

dependence on existence of customs union GATT 1004, 1052

on formation of customs union (GATT XXIV:5 chapeau) GATT 10034

on formation of customs union, limitation to GATT 10079

GATT XI, GATT XIII and ATC 2.4 GATT 1053, 1058

requirements GATT 1052

trade-restrictiveness test GATT 1012

“would be prevented unless” requirement GATT 1004, 1052, SG 65

definition (GATT XXIV:8(a))

internal trade arrangements (“substantially all trade”) (GATT XXIV:8(a)(i)) GATT 10301

jurisdiction (panel) to determine compatibility with GATT XXIV requirements GATT 1041

trade with third countries (“substantially the same”) (GATT XXIV:8(a)(ii)) GATT 10345

“general incidence” of duties GATT 1009

object and purpose (GATT XXIV:4) GATT 1003

“regulations of commerce”, GATT 1994 Understanding on Article XXIV GATT 1010

dispute settlement (GATT XXIV, Understanding 12) GATT 10412

judicial economy, arguendo assumptions and GATT 1041

ordinary meaning of terms used in covered agreements, “shall not prevent” (GATT XXIV) GATT 1003

quantitative restrictions, elimination (GATT XI), RTAs (GATT XI) as defence/exception GATT 1004, 10079

relationships within and between agreements

GATT XXIV:5(a)/GATT XI, GATT XIII and ATC 2.4 GATT 1053

GATT XXIV as a whole GATT 999, 10001

RTAs (GATT XXIV:5)

as affirmative defence SG 65

dispute settlement (Understanding 12) GATT 10412

necessity test GATT 10034

safeguard measures (SG)/emergency actions (GATT XIX) and SG 65

safeguard measures, conditions (SG 2), RTAs/customs unions and (SG 2.1 footnote 1) SG 65

territorial application, customs territories and frontier traffic (GATT XXIV)

as derogation from GATT provisions in general GATT 1052

object and purpose (GATT XXIV:4), “not to raise barriers to trade” GATT 999

 

Turkey — Textiles (Panel), WT/DS34/R, DSR 1999:VI

adverse inferences from party’s refusal to provide information, panel’s right to draw (DSU 13), burden of proof and DSU 558

burden of proof (general rules)

adverse inferences (DSU 13) and DSU 558

exception/affirmative defence and SG 65, DSU 540

onus probandi actori incumbit DSU 540

consultations (DSU 4)

adequacy of consultations (DSU 4.5), Panel responsibilities in relation to DSU 170

mutually agreed solution (DSU 3.6) and DSU 170

customs unions (GATT XXIV:5(a))

consistency with GATT and WTO WTO 14

as defence or exception GATT 1007

on formation of customs union, limitation to, extension of WTO right prior to formation to other constituent members GATT 1008

GATT XI, GATT XIII and ATC 2.4 GATT 1053, 1058

as defence or exception (“shall not prevent”), trade-restrictiveness test GATT 1011

GATT 1994 Understanding on Article XXIV WTO 14

legislation as such, right to challenge (WTO XVI:4) DSU 246

territorial scope of treaties (VCLT 29) and DSU 1529

due process (dispute settlement proceedings), opportunity to defend oneself DSU 376

good faith engagement in dispute settlement procedures (DSU 3.10), consultations and (DSU 4.3) DSU 128

information or technical advice, panel’s right to seek (DSU 13.1/SPS 11.2), “from any individual or body”, non-parties DSU 752

interpretation of covered agreements, rules relating to including VCLT provisions, object and purpose, ATC ATC 4

legal basis of claim / “claim” / “matter referred” (DSU 6.2/7.1), summary “sufficient to present the problem clearly” DSU 376

legislation as such, right to challenge (WTO XVI:4), legislation adopted by customs union DSU 246

multilateral treaties, modification by some of the parties (VCLT 41) DSU 1668

mutually agreed/acceptable solution to matters raised formally (DSU 3.6), consultations (DSU 4) and DSU 170

notification requirements (ATC 2), mandatory 60 day period (ATC 2.1) ATC 8

nullification or impairment (DSU 3.8)

adverse impact/prejudice, relevance DSU 92

presumption in case of inconsistency with covered agreement DSU 92

quantitative restrictions (ATC 2) (integration process), conformity with ATC provisions, need for (ATC 2.4), “new” restriction ATC 9

quantitative restrictions, elimination (GATT XI), GATT preference for tariffs and GATT 597

relationships within and between agreements

GATT XXIV:5(a)/GATT XI, GATT XIII and ATC 2.4 GATT 1053, 1058

WTO Preamble/GATT XXIV WTO 14

request for establishment of panel, requirements (DSU 6.2)

due process/ability to defend itself considerations DSU 376

examination (GATT XXIV:7 and Understanding 7), absence of recommendation, effect GATT 1028

WTO Preamble and WTO 14

RTAs (GATT XXIV:5), necessity test GATT 1003

State responsibility for acts or omissions of, Member of customs union DSU 246, 16778

territorial application, customs territories and frontier traffic (GATT XXIV), object and purpose (GATT XXIV:4), “not to raise barriers to trade” GATT 999

territorial scope of treaties (VCLT 29) DSU 1529

Textiles and Clothing Agreement (ATC), transitional exceptions to GATT XI and XIII ATC 4

third party rights (DSU 10 and Appendix 3)

authority of Panel to direct third-party participation DSU 512

“essential party” concept DSU 51314

treaties

modification of multilateral treaties by some of the parties (VCLT 41) DSU 1668

territorial scope (VCLT 29) DSU 1529

WTO Agreement, preamble, applicability, GATT XXIV WTO 14

 

150pxls.gif (76 bytes)
back to top