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Hong Kong, China - 2005

HONG KONG WTO MINISTERIAL 2005: BRIEFING NOTES

STATISTICS
Textiles and Clothing

After more than forty years of trade with import quotas, the textiles and clothing sector eventually be-came subject to the general rules of the WTO from January 1, 2005. Protection of the textile and clothing sector has a long history. In 1962, a Long-term Agreement regarding International Trade in Cotton Textiles (LTA) was signed under the auspices of GATT. The LTA was renegotiated several times until it was replaced by the Multi Fibre Agreement (MFA) which came into force in 1974. The MFA was negotiated four times and it finally expired in 1994. The expiration of the MFA did not, however, mean the end of the quotas. With the establishment of the WTO in 1995, the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC) was negotiated as a transitory regime to the full integration of textiles and clothing into the multi-lateral trading system. Four countries had been restricting their imports of textiles and clothing (Canada, the EU, Norway and the United States). The integration took place in four steps over a ten year period, ending on 31 December 2004.

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Contents
> Director-General’s letter to journalists
> The Doha Development Agenda
> Agriculture
Cotton
> Services
> Market access, non-agricultural products
> Intellectual property (TRIPS)
> Trade facilitation
> Rules: ad, scm including fisheries subsidies
> Rules: regional agreements
> Dispute settlement
> Trade and environment
> Small economies
> Trade, debt and finance
> Trade and technology transfer
> Technical cooperation
> Least-developed countries
> Special and differential treatment
> Implementation issues
> Electronic commerce
> Members and accessions
> Members
> Bananas
> Statistics, Textiles and Clothing
> Statistics, Facts and Figures
> Jargon buster, Country groupings
> Jargon buster, An informal guide to ‘WTOspeak’


Since the beginning of 2005, imports from previously restricted suppliers increased sharply in the US and the EU. The import increases have been particularly strong from China which led to the imposition of new limitations on Chinese textiles and clothing exports to the United States and the EU. The legal basis for this new selective quantitative restrictions on Chinese exports are in the Report of the Working Party on the Accession of China which is annexed to China's Protocol of Accession to the WTO.

  

Leading exporters and importers of textiles, 2004   back to top

(Billion dollars and percentage)

 

 

 

Share in world 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Value

 

exports/imports

 

Annual percentage change

 

2004

 

1980

1990

2000

2004

 

2000-04

2002

2003

2004

Exporters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    European Union (25)

71.29

 

-

-

36.5

36.6

 

6

3

14

10

        extra-EU (25)
        exports

24.31

 

-

-

11.2

12.5

 

9

5

15

15

    China   a, b

33.43

 

4.6

6.9

10.4

17.2

 

20

22

31

24

    Hong KongChina

14.30

 

-

-

-

-

 

2

2

5

9

        domestic exports

0.68

 

1.7

2.1

0.8

0.4

 

-13

-7

-23

-10

        re-exports

13.61

 

-

-

-

-

 

3

3

8

10

    United States

11.99

 

6.8

4.8

7.1

6.2

 

2

2

2

10

    Korea, Republic of

10.84

 

4.0

5.8

8.2

5.6

 

-4

0

-2

1

    Taipei, Chinese

10.04

 

3.2

5.9

7.7

5.2

 

-4

-4

-2

8

    Japan

7.14

 

9.3

5.6

4.5

3.7

 

0

-3

7

11

    India   c

6.85

 

2.4

2.1

3.9

4.0

 

6

12

14

...

    Turkey

6.43

 

0.6

1.4

2.4

3.3

 

15

8

24

22

    Pakistan

6.12

 

1.6

2.6

2.9

3.1

 

8

6

21

5

    Indonesia

3.15

 

0.1

1.2

2.3

1.6

 

-3

-10

1

8

    Thailand   d

2.63

 

0.6

0.9

1.3

1.3

 

8

1

14

21

    Canada

2.43

 

0.6

0.7

1.4

1.2

 

2

1

4

7

    Mexico   a, d

2.24

 

0.2

0.7

1.7

1.1

 

-3

6

-5

7

    Switzerland

1.60

 

2.8

2.5

1.0

0.8

 

2

-2

6

7

Above 15

176.85

 

-

-

92.1

91.3

 

-

-

-

-

Importers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    European Union (25)

67.97

 

-

-

33.8

33.0

 

5

2

14

9

        extra-EU (25)
        imports

20.99

 

-

-

9.9

10.2

 

7

0

15

14

    United States

20.66

 

4.5

6.2

9.8

10.0

 

7

10

8

13

    China   a, b

15.30

 

1.9

4.9

7.8

7.4

 

5

4

9

8

    Hong KongChina

14.11

 

-

-

-

-

 

1

-1

7

9

        retained imports

0.50

 

3.7

3.8

0.9

0.2

 

-23

-39

-4

-17

    Mexico   a, d, e

5.79

 

0.2

0.9

3.6

2.8

 

0

3

-2

6

    Japan

5.60

 

2.9

3.8

3.0

2.7

 

3

-5

11

11

    Turkey

4.17

 

0.1

0.5

1.3

2.0

 

18

48

21

21

    Canada   e

4.11

 

2.3

2.2

2.5

2.0

 

0

0

1

7

    Korea, Republic of

3.38

 

0.7

1.8

2.1

1.6

 

0

6

-3

8

    Viet Nam   d

3.35

 

...

...

0.8

1.6

 

25

60

35

20

    Romania

3.33

 

...

0.1

1.0

1.6

 

18

18

21

16

    United Arab Emirates   c

2.15

 

0.8

0.9

1.3

1.2

 

...

9

6

...

    Russian Federation   d

2.10

 

-

-

0.8

1.0

 

14

3

24

14

    Australia   e

1.83

 

2.0

1.3

1.0

0.9

 

3

13

13

10

    Thailand   d

1.81

 

0.3

0.8

1.0

0.9

 

3

3

3

11

Above 15

142.06

 

-

-

70.7

69.1

 

-

-

-

-

a   Includes significant shipments through processing zones.
b   In 2004, Chinareported imports of textiles from Chinaamounting to nearly $2 billion.
c   2003 instead of 2004.
d   Includes Secretariat estimates.
e   Imports are valued f.o.b.

Source: WTO, International Trade Statistics 2005

  

Textile exports of selected economies, 1990-04   back to top

(Million dollars and percentage)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

 

Value

 

1990

 

2000

 

2002

 

2003

 

2004

 

2000

2004   a

World

104354

d

154571

 

154304

 

172470

 

194732

 

2.5

2.2

Argentina

158

 

257

 

190

 

154

 

198

 

1.0

0.6

Australia

152

 

347

 

283

 

309

 

328

 

0.6

0.3

Bangladesh

343

 

355

 

443

 

476

 

388

 

5.6

4.8

Belarus

-

 

410

 

381

 

449

 

514

 

5.6

3.7

Brazil

769

 

897

 

841

 

1106

 

1244

 

1.6

1.3

Bulgaria

 

 

119

 

180

 

243

 

310

 

2.5

3.1

Canada

687

 

2204

 

2181

 

2264

 

2431

 

0.8

0.8

Chile

33

 

114

 

83

 

87

 

109

 

0.6

0.3

China   b

7219

 

16135

 

20562

 

26900

 

33428

 

6.5

5.6

Colombia   c

133

 

268

 

205

 

228

 

240

 

2.1

1.5

Croatia

-

 

87

 

82

 

111

 

118

 

2.0

1.5

Egypt   c

554

 

323

 

251

 

278

 

298

 

6.9

3.9

El Salvador   b, c

38

 

79

 

70

 

72

 

77

 

2.7

2.3

European Union (25)

-

 

56456

 

57040

 

64907

 

71287

 

2.3

1.9

    intra-EU (25) exports

-

 

39184

 

38557

 

43720

 

46980

 

2.4

1.9

    extra-EU (25) exports

-

 

17272

 

18483

 

21187

 

24307

 

2.2

2.0

FYR Macedonia

...

 

37

 

36

 

42

 

53

 

2.8

3.2

Hong Kong, China

8213

 

13441

 

12422

 

13087

 

14296

 

6.6

5.4

    domestic exports

2171

 

1176

 

980

 

757

 

684

 

5.0

3.4

    re-exports

6042

 

12265

 

11441

 

12330

 

13612

 

6.8

5.5

India 

2180

 

5998

 

6028

 

6846

 

...

 

13.3

10.9

Indonesia

1241

 

3505

 

2896

 

2923

 

3152

 

5.4

4.4

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

510

 

766

 

726

 

800

 

...

 

2.7

2.4

Israel

270

 

490

 

538

 

606

 

683

 

1.6

1.8

Japan

5871

 

7023

 

6030

 

6431

 

7138

 

1.5

1.3

Korea, Republic of

6076

 

12710

 

10945

 

10779

 

10839

 

7.4

4.3

Macao, China

136

 

272

 

326

 

303

 

313

 

10.7

11.1

Malaysia   b

343

 

1270

 

994

 

1017

 

1227

 

1.3

1.0

Mauritius

36

 

81

 

68

 

77

 

83

 

5.2

4.2

Mexico   b, c

713

 

2571

 

2210

 

2096

 

2237

 

1.5

1.2

Morocco   b

203

d

123

 

139

 

129

 

147

 

1.7

1.5

Nepal

82

 

182

 

...

 

107

 

...

 

22.7

16.2

New Zealand

135

 

142

 

169

 

222

 

252

 

1.1

1.2

Pakistan

2663

 

4532

 

4790

 

5811

 

6125

 

50.2

45.8

Peru

221

 

128

 

103

 

119

 

149

 

1.8

1.2

Philippines   b, c

132

 

297

 

249

 

270

 

288

 

0.7

0.7

Romania

125

 

...

 

310

 

444

 

562

 

 

2.4

Russian Federation   c

-

 

439

 

431

 

554

 

695

 

0.4

0.4

Singapore

903

 

907

 

738

 

706

 

698

 

0.7

0.4

    domestic exports

141

 

293

 

313

 

288

 

281

 

0.4

0.3

    re-exports

762

 

614

 

425

 

418

 

417

 

1.0

0.5

South Africa

167

 

240

d

248

 

298

 

301

 

0.8

0.7

Sri Lanka   c

25

 

244

 

171

 

161

 

157

 

4.5

2.7

Switzerland

2557

 

1503

 

1421

 

1499

 

1604

 

1.9

1.4

Syrian Arab Republic

555

 

158

 

168

 

241

 

...

 

3.4

4.2

Taipei, Chinese

6128

 

11891

 

9531

 

9303

 

10038

 

8.0

5.8

Tanzania

...

 

11

 

14

 

20

 

38

 

1.7

2.6

Thailand   c

928

 

1960

 

1897

 

2161

 

2625

 

2.8

2.7

Tunisia

112

 

154

 

227

 

268

 

323

 

2.6

3.3

Turkey

1440

 

3672

 

4244

 

5262

 

6428

 

13.2

10.2

Ukraine   c

-

 

127

 

158

 

205

 

225

 

0.9

0.7

United States

5039

 

10952

 

10664

 

10886

 

11989

 

1.4

1.5

Uruguay

85

 

65

 

41

 

53

 

63

 

2.8

2.1

Viet Nam

...

 

598

 

848

 

...

 

...

 

4.1

5.1

a   Or nearest year.
b   Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c   Includes Secretariat estimates.
d   Break in time series.

Source: WTO, International Trade Statistics 2005

  

Textile imports of selected economies, 1990-04   back to top

(Million dollars and percentage)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

 

Value

 

 

1990

 

2000

 

2002

 

2003

 

2004

 

2000

2004   a

Argentina  

53

 

619

 

170

 

454

 

585

 

2.5

2.6

Australia   b

1442

 

1632

 

1472

 

1662

 

1828

 

2.3

1.7

Bahrain  

71

 

176

 

188

 

152

 

161

 

3.8

2.4

Bangladesh  

452

 

1140

 

1387

 

1405

 

1471

 

12.8

12.2

Belarus  

-

 

256

 

266

 

322

 

403

 

3.0

2.5

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela   b

112

 

286

 

185

 

138

 

365

 

1.8

2.4

Brazil  

252

 

1110

 

851

 

810

 

1084

 

1.9

1.6

Bulgaria  

...

 

506

 

722

 

956

 

1105

 

7.8

7.6

Cambodia  

...

 

432

 

643

 

713

 

867

 

30.0

42.0

Canada   b

2325

 

4126

 

3803

 

3849

 

4115

 

1.7

1.5

Chile  

203

 

431

 

355

 

359

 

421

 

2.3

1.7

China   c

5292

 

12832

 

13060

 

14217

 

15304

 

5.7

2.7

Colombia  

75

 

558

 

522

 

548

 

685

 

4.8

4.1

Costa Rica   c, d

83

e

165

 

180

 

188

 

203

 

2.6

2.5

Croatia  

-

 

249

 

370

 

428

 

453

 

3.2

2.7

Ecuador  

22

 

113

 

127

 

122

 

159

 

3.0

2.0

Egypt   d

211

 

206

 

190

 

206

 

274

 

1.5

2.1

El Salvador   c, d

111

 

364

 

388

 

423

 

481

 

7.4

7.7

European Union (25)  

-

 

55264

 

54430

 

62236

 

67972

 

2.2

1.8

    extra-EU (25) imports

-

 

16224

 

15953

 

18378

 

20992

 

1.8

1.6

Hong Kong, China

10182

 

13716

 

12065

 

12931

 

14110

 

6.4

5.2

    retained imports  

4140

 

1451

 

623

 

601

 

498

 

4.2

1.8

India  

240

 

575

 

896

 

1110

 

...

 

1.1

1.4

Indonesia  

785

 

1251

 

878

 

663

 

739

 

2.9

1.3

Iran, Islamic Rep. of  

...

 

298

 

239

 

317

 

...

 

2.1

1.2

Israel  

474

 

759

 

641

 

658

 

761

 

2.1

1.9

Japan

4133

 

4935

 

4532

 

5031

 

5599

 

1.3

1.2

Jordan

107

 

172

 

381

 

471

 

646

 

3.7

7.9

Korea, Republic of  

1947

 

3359

 

3239

 

3131

 

3385

 

2.1

1.5

Kuwait

168

 

212

 

...

 

...

 

...

 

3.0

2.6

Lebanon  

...

 

178

 

189

 

181

 

...

 

2.9

2.5

Macao, China  

619

 

902

 

801

 

770

 

799

 

40.0

23.0

Malaysia   c

951

 

1114

 

917

 

839

 

967

 

1.4

0.9

Mauritius   c

350

 

411

 

348

 

358

 

335

 

19.6

12.1

Mexico   b, c, d

992

 

5822

 

5571

 

5458

 

5790

 

3.3

2.9

Morocco   c

361

e

1364

 

1483

 

1710

 

1797

 

11.8

10.2

Nepal   d

42

 

138

 

...

 

142

 

...

 

8.8

8.1

New Zealand  

396

 

369

 

376

 

430

 

473

 

2.7

2.0

Norway  

554

 

509

 

535

 

596

 

657

 

1.5

1.4

Pakistan  

126

 

130

 

191

 

255

 

310

 

1.2

1.7

Peru  

17

 

165

 

198

 

207

 

264

 

2.2

2.6

Philippines   c, d

910

 

1250

 

1093

 

1070

 

1136

 

3.4

2.7

Romania  

67

 

1715

 

2370

 

2871

 

3329

 

13.1

10.2

Russian Federation   d

-

 

1248

 

1482

 

1833

 

2099

 

2.8

2.2

Saudi Arabia  

1312

 

986

 

1001

 

1053

 

...

 

3.3

2.8

Serbia and Montenegro   d

-

 

284

 

424

 

468

 

...

 

7.7

5.9

Singapore

1778

 

1275

 

1026

 

1006

 

1014

 

0.9

0.6

    retained imports

1016

 

661

 

601

 

588

 

597

 

0.9

0.7

South Africa   b

561

e

570

 

534

 

640

 

821

 

2.1

1.7

Sri Lanka  

412

 

1483

 

1317

 

1380

 

1534

 

20.7

19.2

Switzerland  

1849

 

1326

 

1287

 

1464

 

1615

 

1.6

1.4

Syrian Arab Republic  

168

 

399

 

252

 

341

 

337

 

10.5

5.4

Taipei, Chinese  

1013

 

1460

 

1164

 

1181

 

1251

 

1.0

0.8

Thailand   d

898

 

1630

 

1576

 

1629

 

1807

 

2.6

1.9

Tunisia  

790

 

1207

 

1425

 

1496

 

1654

 

14.1

13.0

Turkey  

567

 

2124

 

2839

 

3441

 

4170

 

3.9

4.3

Ukraine   d

-

 

450

 

516

 

643

 

741

 

3.2

2.6

United Arab Emirates   d

983

 

2055

 

2000

 

2147

 

...

 

7.7

5.4

United States  

6730

 

15985

 

16953

 

18251

 

20662

 

1.3

1.4

Viet Nam   d

...

 

1379

 

2071

 

2795

 

3354

 

8.8

10.8

a   Or nearest year.
b   Imports are valued f.o.b.
c   Includes significant imports into processing zones.
d   Includes Secretariat estimates.
e   Break in time series.

Source: WTO, International Trade Statistics 2005

  

Leading exporters and importers of clothing, 2004   back to top

(Billion dollars and percentage)

 

 

 

Share in world 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Value

 

exports/imports

 

Annual percentage change

 

2004

 

1980

1990

2000

2004

 

2000-04

 2002

2003

2004

Exporters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    European Union (25)

74.92

 

-

-

27.0

29.0

 

9

6

18

9

        extra-EU (25) exports

19.13

 

-

-

6.9

7.4

 

9

4

13

11

   China   a

61.86

 

4.0

8.9

18.3

24.0

 

14

13

26

19

   Hong Kong, China

25.10

 

-

-

-

-

 

1

-4

3

8

        domestic exports

8.14

 

11.5

8.6

5.0

3.2

 

-5

-10

-2

-1

        re-exports

16.96

 

-

-

-

-

 

4

-1

6

13

   Turkey

11.19

 

0.3

3.1

3.3

4.3

 

14

21

24

12

   Mexico   a, b

7.20

 

0.0

0.5

4.4

2.8

 

-4

-3

-5

-2

   India   c

6.62

 

1.7

2.3

3.1

2.8

 

7

10

10

...

   United States

5.06

 

3.1

2.4

4.4

2.0

 

-12

-14

-8

-9

   Romania

4.72

 

...

0.3

1.2

1.8

 

19

17

25

16

   Indonesia

4.45

 

0.2

1.5

2.4

1.7

 

-2

-13

4

8

   Bangladesh

4.44

 

0.0

0.6

2.0

1.7

 

3

-7

13

0

   Thailand   b

4.05

 

0.7

2.6

1.9

1.6

 

1

0

1

12

   Viet Nam   b

3.98

 

...

...

0.9

1.5

 

22

41

35

12

   Korea, Republic of

3.39

 

7.3

7.3

2.5

1.3

 

-9

-8

-8

-7

   Tunisia

3.27

 

0.8

1.0

1.1

1.3

 

10

4

1

20

   Pakistan

3.03

 

0.3

0.9

1.1

1.2

 

9

4

22

12

Above 15

206.32

 

-

-

78.6

80.3

 

-

-

-

-

Importers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   European Union (25)

121.66

 

-

-

39.9

45.0

 

10

7

19

14

        extra-EU (25) imports

65.86

 

-

-

20.9

24.4

 

11

7

20

15

   United States

75.73

 

16.4

24.0

32.4

28.0

 

3

1

7

6

   Japan

21.69

 

3.6

7.8

9.5

8.0

 

2

-8

11

11

   Hong Kong, China

17.13

 

1.6

6.2

7.7

6.3

 

2

-2

2

7

        retained imports

0.17

 

0.9

0.7

0.8

0.1

 

-44

-16

-38

-83

   Russian Federation   b

5.46

 

-

-

1.3

2.0

 

19

27

25

13

   Canada   d

5.22

 

1.7

2.1

1.8

1.9

 

9

2

12

16

   Switzerland

4.34

 

3.4

3.1

1.5

1.6

 

8

7

15

9

   Korea, Republic of

2.75

 

0.0

0.1

0.6

1.0

 

20

38

13

8

   Australia   d

2.67

 

0.8

0.6

0.9

1.0

 

9

11

20

22

   Mexico   a, b, d

2.58

 

0.3

0.5

1.7

1.0

 

-8

-5

-9

-15

   Singapore

2.06

 

0.3

0.8

0.9

0.8

 

2

7

8

6

        retained imports

0.56

 

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.2

 

0

18

-7

12

   United Arab Emirates   b, c

2.05

 

0.6

0.5

0.7

0.8

 

...

15

15

...

   Norway

1.67

 

1.7

1.1

0.6

0.6

 

7

10

13

8

   China   a

1.54

 

0.1

0.0

0.6

0.6

 

7

6

5

8

   Saudi Arabia   c

1.03

 

1.6

0.7

0.4

0.4

 

...

6

13

...

Above 15

250.61

 

-

-

93.7

93.0

 

-

-

-

-

a   Includes significant shipments through processing zones.
b   Includes Secretariat estimates
c   2003 instead of 2004.
d   Imports are valued f.o.b.

Source: WTO, International Trade Statistics 2005

  

Clothing exports of selected economies, 1990-04   back to top

(Million dollars and percentage)

 

Value

 

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

 

1990

 

2000

 

2002

 

2003

 

2004

 

2000

2004   a

World

108129

d

197413

 

203038

 

232488

 

258097

 

3.1

2.9

Albania

...

 

97

 

120

 

153

 

196

 

37.1

32.9

Bahrain

21

 

261

 

375

 

206

 

177

 

4.2

2.4

Bangladesh

643

 

3907

 

3947

 

4461

 

4442

 

61.2

54.5

Belarus

-

 

262

 

292

 

341

 

401

 

3.6

2.9

Brazil

247

 

282

 

221

 

296

 

350

 

0.5

0.4

Brunei Darussalam

10

 

...

 

207

 

218

 

...

 

...

5.3

Bulgaria

...

 

701

 

1092

 

1500

 

1753

 

14.5

17.7

Cambodia

...

 

970

 

1313

 

1600

 

1981

 

69.8

70.8

Canada

328

 

2077

 

1989

 

1966

 

1995

 

0.8

0.6

China    b

9669

 

36071

 

41302

 

52061

 

61856

 

14.5

10.4

Colombia 

460

 

520

 

523

 

637

 

868

 

4.0

5.4

Costa Rica   b, c

54

d

385

 

397

 

302

 

263

 

6.6

4.2

Croatia

-

 

469

 

511

 

595

 

631

 

10.6

7.9

Dominican Republic   b, c

782

 

2868

 

2366

 

2278

 

2262

 

50.0

39.3

Egypt   c

144

 

243

 

208

 

233

 

284

 

5.2

3.7

El Salvador  b, c

184

 

1673

 

1841

 

1964

 

2083

 

56.9

63.2

European Union (25)

-

 

53273

 

57958

 

68455

 

74921

 

2.2

2.0

    intra-EU (25) exports

-

 

39729

 

42785

 

51249

 

55793

 

2.4

2.2

    extra-EU (25) exports

-

 

13544

 

15173

 

17206

 

19128

 

1.7

1.6

Fiji

80

 

156

 

106

 

135

 

146

 

26.7

21.5

FYR Macedonia

-

 

318

 

334

 

409

 

478

 

24.1

28.8

Honduras   c

64

 

472

 

475

 

510

 

551

 

34.5

35.8

Hong Kong, China 

15406

 

24214

 

22430

 

23158

 

25097

 

11.9

9.5

    domestic exports

9266

 

9935

 

8338

 

8202

 

8138

 

42.2

40.7

    re-exports

6140

 

14279

 

14091

 

14956

 

16960

 

8.0

6.9

India 

2530

 

6178

 

6037

 

6625

 

...

 

13.7

10.5

Indonesia

1646

 

4734

 

3945

 

4105

 

4454

 

7.2

6.2

Israel

482

 

729

 

549

 

485

 

525

 

2.3

1.4

Iran, Islamic Rep. of

...

 

125

 

183

 

228

 

...

 

0.4

0.7

Jordan

11

 

115

 

520

 

683

 

1017

 

6.1

25.7

Korea, Republic of

7879

 

5027

 

3962

 

3640

 

3391

 

2.9

1.3

Lesotho

...

 

261

 

234

 

290

 

335

 

77.7

46.1

Macao, China

1111

 

1849

 

1648

 

1834

 

1952

 

72.8

69.4

Malaysia   b

1315

 

2257

 

2000

 

2057

 

2326

 

2.3

1.8

Mauritius

619

 

948

 

949

 

980

 

939

 

60.9

46.9

Mexico   b, c

587

 

8631

 

7751

 

7343

 

7197

 

5.2

3.8

Moldova

-

 

76

 

98

 

119

 

157

 

16.0

15.9

Morocco

722

d

2401

 

2437

 

2847

 

3020

 

32.3

30.9

Nepal

50

 

209

 

...

 

226

 

...

 

26.0

34.1

Pakistan

1014

 

2144

 

2228

 

2710

 

3026

 

23.8

22.6

Peru

120

 

504

 

530

 

653

 

883

 

7.2

7.0

Philippines   b, c

1733

 

2536

 

2611

 

2250

 

2270

 

6.4

5.7

Romania

363

 

2328

 

3251

 

4069

 

4717

 

22.5

20.1

Russian Federation   c

-

 

460

 

538

 

673

 

535

 

0.4

0.3

Serbia and Montenegro   c

-

 

130

 

158

 

176

 

...

 

7.6

6.6

Singapore 

1588

 

1825

 

1653

 

1798

 

1822

 

1.3

1.0

    domestic exports

995

 

504

 

386

 

356

 

324

 

0.6

0.3

    re-exports

593

 

1321

 

1267

 

1442

 

1498

 

2.2

1.8

South Africa

85

d

218

 

256

 

310

 

257

 

0.7

0.6

Sri Lanka   c

638

 

2812

 

2350

 

2513

 

2763

 

51.8

48.0

Switzerland

686

 

607

 

763

 

1113

 

1257

 

0.8

1.1

Taipei, Chinese

3987

 

3015

 

2187

 

2102

 

1951

 

2.0

1.1

Thailand   c

2817

 

3757

 

3571

 

3615

 

4050

 

5.4

4.2

Tunisia

1126

 

2227

 

2696

 

2722

 

3268

 

38.1

33.7

Turkey

3331

 

6533

 

8057

 

9962

 

11193

 

23.5

17.7

Ukraine   c

-

 

417

 

503

 

568

 

671

 

2.9

2.1

United States

2565

 

8629

 

6032

 

5537

 

5059

 

1.1

0.6

Uruguay

153

 

103

 

50

 

60

 

68

 

4.5

2.3

Viet Nam   c

...

 

1821

 

2633

 

3555

 

3982

 

12.6

15.5

a   Or nearest year.
b   Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c   Includes Secretariat estimates.

d   Break in time series.

Source: WTO, International Trade Statistics 2005

  

Clothing imports of selected economies, 1990-04   back to top

(Million dollars and percentage)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

 

Value

 

 

1990

 

2000

 

2002

 

2003

 

2004

 

2000

2004   a

Albania  

...

 

68

 

98

 

126

 

143

 

6.3

6.3

Argentina  

6

 

316

 

57

 

70

 

119

 

1.3

0.5

Australia   b

711

 

1858

 

1819

 

2190

 

2667

 

2.6

2.5

Bangladesh  

14

 

185

 

182

 

...

 

130

 

2.1

1.1

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela   b

101

 

390

 

247

 

125

 

226

 

2.4

1.5

Brazil  

59

 

185

 

153

 

154

 

215

 

0.3

0.3

Bulgaria  

...

 

179

 

327

 

455

 

491

 

2.8

3.4

Canada   b

2388

 

3690

 

4013

 

4501

 

5223

 

1.5

1.9

Chile  

52

 

501

 

488

 

502

 

666

 

2.7

2.7

China   c

48

 

1192

 

1356

 

1422

 

1542

 

0.5

0.3

Costa Rica   c, d

17

e

308

 

265

 

203

 

179

 

4.8

2.2

Croatia  

-

 

278

 

251

 

331

 

378

 

3.5

2.3

Ecuador  

1

 

23

 

64

 

80

 

121

 

0.6

1.5

El Salvador   c, d

171

 

569

 

645

 

690

 

554

 

11.5

8.8

European Union (25) 

-

 

82699

 

89519

 

106865

 

121656

 

3.2

3.2

    extra-EU (25) imports

-

 

43305

 

47446

 

57103

 

65863

 

4.7

5.1

Hong Kong, China

6913

 

16008

 

15701

 

15950

 

17129

 

7.5

6.3

    retained imports  

773

 

1728

 

1609

 

994

 

170

 

5.0

0.6

Iceland  

75

 

88

 

78

 

104

 

117

 

3.4

3.3

India  

2

 

26

 

30

 

45

 

...

 

0.1

0.1

Indonesia  

16

 

39

 

42

 

27

 

54

 

0.1

0.1

Israel  

61

 

471

 

541

 

541

 

625

 

1.3

1.5

Japan  

8765

 

19709

 

17601

 

19485

 

21687

 

5.2

4.8

Jordan  

28

 

61

 

93

 

99

 

126

 

1.3

1.5

Korea, Republic of  

151

 

1307

 

2256

 

2547

 

2747

 

0.8

1.2

Kuwait  

206

 

317

 

...

 

...

 

...

 

4.4

4.2

Lebanon  

...

 

171

 

239

 

263

 

...

 

2.8

3.7

Macao, China  

26

 

214

 

292

 

306

 

400

 

9.5

11.5

Malaysia   c

76

 

148

 

168

 

172

 

244

 

0.2

0.2

Mexico  b, c, d

573

 

3602

 

3342

 

3034

 

2583

 

2.1

1.3

Morocco   c

8

e

232

 

257

 

282

 

309

 

2.0

1.8

New Zealand  

149

 

401

 

429

 

520

 

619

 

2.9

2.7

Norway  

1231

 

1287

 

1361

 

1542

 

1666

 

3.7

3.5

Peru  

1

 

59

 

90

 

108

 

92

 

0.8

0.9

Philippines   c, d

14

 

75

 

66

 

83

 

90

 

0.2

0.2

Romania  

26

 

322

 

...

 

581

 

645

 

2.5

2.0

Russian Federation   d

-

 

2689

 

3860

 

4824

 

5461

 

6.0

5.7

Saudi Arabia  

833

 

813

 

909

 

1026

 

...

 

2.7

2.8

Serbia and Montenegro   d

-

 

46

 

97

 

145

 

...

 

1.2

1.8

Singapore

920

 

1881

 

1808

 

1944

 

2060

 

1.4

1.3

    retained imports

328

 

560

 

541

 

501

 

562

 

0.7

0.7

South Africa   b

108

e

223

 

207

 

349

 

620

 

0.8

1.3

Sri Lanka  

11

 

...

 

103

 

105

 

113

 

 

1.4

Switzerland  

3437

 

3160

 

3449

 

3977

 

4343

 

3.8

3.9

Taipei, Chinese  

290

 

978

 

832

 

823

 

993

 

0.7

0.6

Thailand   d

29

 

131

 

138

 

156

 

197

 

0.2

0.2

Tunisia  

191

 

438

 

541

 

540

 

626

 

5.1

4.9

Turkey  

16

 

264

 

283

 

422

 

651

 

0.5

0.7

Ukraine  d

-

 

60

 

94

 

128

 

124

 

0.4

0.4

United Arab Emirates   d

514

 

1422

 

1780

 

2047

 

...

 

5.3

5.2

United States  

26977

 

67115

 

66731

 

71277

 

75731

 

5.3

5.0

Viet Nam   d

...

 

450

 

331

 

480

 

430

 

2.9

1.4

a   Or nearest year.
b   Imports are valued f.o.b.
c   Includes significant imports into processing zones.
d   Includes Secretariat estimates.
e   Break in time series.

Source: WTO, International Trade Statistics 2005

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