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AGRICULTURE NEGOTIATIONS: BACKGROUNDER

Data

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UPDATED 1 DECEMBER 2004

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This briefing document explains current agricultural issues raised before and in the current negotiations. It has been prepared by the Information and Media Relations Division of the WTO Secretariat to help public understanding about the agriculture negotiations. It is not an official record of the negotiations.


World trade in agricultural products, 2003  back to top

Value $bn

674

Annual change %

 

1980-85

-2

1985-90

9

1990-95

7

1995-2000

-1

2001

0

2002

6

2003

15

Share in world merchandise trade %

9.2

Share in world exports of primary products %

41.2

Source: WTO International Trade Statistics 2004, table IV.3, includes trade between EU members

 

Top 15 agricultural exporters and importers, 2003  back to top

 

Value
$bn

Share in world
%

 

Value
$bn

Share in world 
%

Exporters

Importers

EU members (15)

284.14

42.2

EU members (15)

308.87

42.8

EU to rest of world

73.38

10.9

EU from rest of world

98.11

13.6

United States

76.24

11.3

United States

77.27

10.7

Canada

33.69

5.0

Japan

58.46

8.1

Brazil

24.21

3.6

China

30.48

4.2

China

22.16

3.3

Canada c

18.02

2.5

Australia

16.34

2.4

Korea, Rep. of

15.56

2.2

Thailand a

15.08

2.2

Mexico

13.85

1.9

Argentina b

12.14

2.1

Russian Fed. a

13.73

1.9

Malaysia

11.06

1.6

Hong Kong, China

10.81

-

Mexico

9.98

1.5

retained imports

6.47

0.9

Taipei, Chinese

7.96

1.1

Indonesia

9.94

1.5

Switzerland

7.12

1.0

New Zealand

9.60

1.4

Saudi Arabia

6.26

0.9

Russian Fed. a

9.37

1.4

Thailand a

5.72

0.8

Chile

7.47

1.1

Indonesia

5.44

0.8

India a

7.03

1.2

Turkey

5.22

0.7

Above 15

548.44

81.8

Above 15

580.44

80.4

Source: WTO International Trade Statistics 2004, table IV.8. “EU members” includes trade between EU members

a Includes WTO Secretariat estimates.

b 2002 instead of 2003

c Imports are valued f.o.b.

 

Agricultural products’ share in trade, by region, 2003  back to top

 

Exports

Imports

 

Exports

Imports

Share in total merchandise trade, % 

  

  

Share in
primary products trade, % 

  

  

World 

9.2 

9.2 

World 

41.2 

41.2 

North America 

11.0 

6.2 

North America 

56.6 

32.2 

Latin America 

19.8 

9.7 

Latin America 

47.2 

44.0 

Western Europe 

9.6 

10.4 

Western Europe 

57.6 

48.3 

C./E. Europe/Baltic States/CIS 

8.8 

10.1 

C./E. Europe/Baltic States/CIS 

22.7 

47.6 

Africa 

13.9 

15.9 

Africa 

20.2 

59.4 

Middle East 

3.4 

12.4 

Middle East 

4.4 

68.0 

Asia 

6.3 

8.9 

Asia 

46.3 

33.2 

Source: WTO International Trade Statistics 2004, table IV.5, includes trade between EU members

 

How much do they spend?  back to top

Notified domestic support, 1999, and export subsidies, 1998. US$ million

Source: member governments’ notifications to WTO

 

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