Topics handled by WTO committees and agreements
Issues covered by the WTO’s committees and agreements

AGRICULTURE NEGOTIATIONS: BACKGROUNDER
Statistics

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UPDATED 21 OCTOBER 2002

Contents
> In a nutshell
Proposals received in Phase 1
Proposals received in Phase 2
Alliances table
INTRODUCTION
Phase 1
Export subsidies, competition and restrictions
Market access
Domestic support: amber, blue and green boxes
Developing countries
Transition economies
Non-trade concerns
Animal welfare and food quality
The peace clause
Phase 2
Tariffs and quotas
Domestic support: amber, blue and green boxes
Export subsidies and restrictions
State trading
Food security
Food safety
Rural development
Geographical indications
Safeguards
Environment
Trade preferences
Food aid
Consumer information and labelling
Sectoral initiatives
Development box, single commodity producers, small island developing states, special and differential treatment

Additional issues (food aid, the Green Box, tariff quota expansion)
Modalities 2002–2003
Exports
Market access
Domestic support


Data
> Statistics


This briefing document explains current agricultural issues raised before and in the current negotiations. It has been prepared by the Information and Media Relations Division of the WTO Secretariat to help public understanding about the agriculture negotiations. It is not an official record of the negotiations.


World trade in agricultural products, 2001  back to top
Value $bn 547
Annual change %  
1980–85 –2
1985–90 9
1990–2001 3
1996 3
1997 –1
1998 –5
1999 –3
2000 1
2001 –1
Share in world merchandise trade % 9.1
Share in world exports of primary products % 40.9

Source: WTO International Trade Statistics 2002, table IV.3, includes trade between EU members

 
 
Top 15 agricultural exporters and importers, 2001  back to top

  Value

$bn

Share in world

%

  Value

$bn

Share in world

%

Exporters     Importers    
EU members 215.53 39.0 EU members 235.51 39.7
  EU to rest of world 57.81 10.6   EU from rest of world 79.78 13.5
United States 70.02 12.8 United States 68.40 11.5
Canada 33.57 6.1 Japan 56.94 9.6
Brazil 18.43 3.4 China 20.12 3.4
China 16.63 3.0 Canada c 15.55 2.6

Australia
16.56 3.0 Mexico 12.79 2.2
Argentina 12.20 2.2 Korea, Rep. of 12.50 2.1
Thailand 12.06 2.2 Russian Fed. a 11.40 1.9
Mexico 9.07 1.7 Hong Kong, China 11.06
Russian Fed. a 8.17 1.5   retained imports 6.43 1.1
      Taipei, Chinese 6.99 1.2

New Zealand
7.97 1.5 Switzerland 5.65 1.0
Malaysia 7.19 1.3 Indonesia 5.35 0.9
Indonesia 7.02 1.3 Saudi Arabia 5.01 0.8
Chile 6.97 1.3 Malaysia 4.83 0.8
India b 6.41 1.2 Thailand 4.83 0.8

Above 15
445.80 81.4 Above 15 472.32 79.6

Source: WTO International Trade Statistics 2002, table IV.8, “EU members” includes trade between EU members
a Includes WTO Secretariat estimates.   b 2000 instead of 2001.    c Imports are valued f.o.b.

 
 
Agricultural products’ share in trade, by region, 2001  back to top

  Exports Imports   Exports Imports
Share in total
merchandise trade, %
    Share in
primary products trade, %
   
World 9.1 9.1 World 40.9 40.9
North America 10.5 6.0 North America 58.3 32.7
Latin America 18.1 9.3 Latin America 45.6 45.7
Western Europe 9.2 9.9 Western Europe 56.0 46.6
C./E. Europe/Baltic States/CIS 8.7 10.5 C./E. Europe/Baltic States/CIS 21.0 43.1
Africa 14.7 15.3 Africa 20.5 56.9
Middle East 3.3 13.4 Middle East 4.3 62.2
Asia 6.7 9.7 Asia 46.7 35.0

Source: WTO International Trade Statistics 2002, table IV.5, includes trade between EU members

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