Topics handled by WTO committees and agreements
Issues covered by the WTO’s committees and agreements

Implementation and monitoring

A large and essential part of members’ work in the WTO is to monitor how the agreements that they have negotiated are being implemented. Transparency is key. They discuss their laws, measures adopted and other issues in the various councils and committees, including information that they have pledged to share with each other by notifying the WTO. All WTO members must also undergo periodic peer review of their trade policies and practices, each Trade Policy Review containing reports by the WTO Secretariat and the country concerned and comments by other members in the meeting. More recently the WTO Secretariat has produced regular global monitoring reports on how countries are using trade barriers overall in response to the changing economic climate.


 


WTO organization chart

 

WTO councils and committees

WTO councils and committees consist of all WTO members, except in a handful of cases. They monitor the implementation of WTO agreements and provide a forum for WTO members to discuss trade issues.

 

Ministerial Conference

Ministerial Conferences review the WTO's ongoing work and give political guidance and direction to that work. It is the highest decision-making body of the organization and usually meets every two years. The General Council carries out the functions of the WTO between Ministerial Conferences.

 

Transparency and trade monitoring

WTO members monitor how WTO agreements  are being implemented by conducting peer reviews of countries’ trade policies — known as Trade Policy Reviews — and through periodic reports on trade barriers around the world.

Trade monitoring reports

Trade policy reviews