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Carin Smaller, Advisor on Agriculture and Investment, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)

Both as producers and consumers, women play a critical role in the food system and addressing specific gender challenges is a necessity to achieve an ambitious and inclusive food security agenda. However, both public and private existing governance structures have poorly addressed this issue in the past. In the last three decades, global and regional agricultural markets have become more integrated, leading to the evolution, expansion or creation of many value chains while their impacts on women welfare have been contrasted. This working session will review existing and potential impacts of agricultural liberalization on gender inequalities through global and regional lenses: specific examples will be discussed both in terms of public and private governance (regional focus on Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia). Learning from these experiences, we draw conclusions regarding the right policy mix of border policies and domestic gender‑sensitive interventions to guarantee inclusive international agriculture value chains.


  • David Laborde, Senior Research Fellow, Markets Trade and Institutions Division, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
  • Bart Minten, Senior Research Fellow, Development Strategy and Governance Division, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
  • Tanguy Bernard, Professor, University of Bordeaux, France
  • Toya Narayan Gyawali, Joint Secretary, Planning and International Trade Cooperation Division, Ministry of Commerce, Government of Nepal
  • Pratap Singh Birthal, Principal Scientist, National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research (NCAP), New Delhi, India