According to the EU, Russia applies duties in excess of "bound" rates in several ways. The EU mentions in particular the duty rates applied to paper and paperboard, palm oil and its fractions, refrigerators and combined refrigerator-freezers.
> Further information will be available within the next few days in document WT/DS485/1
What is a request for consultations?
The request for consultations formally initiates a dispute in the WTO. Consultations give the parties an opportunity to discuss the matter and to find a satisfactory solution without proceeding further with litigation. After 60 days, if consultations have failed to resolve the dispute, the complainant may request adjudication by a panel.