DDG Ellard discussed the role of international organizations in delivering for the global public good, addressing challenges of the global commons, and providing a more enduring, equitable and cooperative basis for democratic global governance rather than unilateral action.

DDG Ellard also described the history, economic underpinnings and key functions of the multilateral trading system. She elaborated on the successful outcomes of MC12, including an agreement prohibiting unsustainable fisheries subsidies, the WTO response to the pandemic, and food security.  At the same time, she stressed that the WTO needs reform across its three functions, particularly dispute settlement. The engagement of all members is needed to improve the WTO and enable it to deal better with modern challenges such as climate change and the food crisis, she said.

DDG Ellard elaborated on the risks to the multilateral system from unilateral action and reshoring of supply chains. She also highlighted the related concerns expressed by developing countries, such as being left behind in an industrial or green subsidies race.

“Multilateralism is alive and well,” she emphasized. “And it is especially needed in times like these, when the existing global international order is under threat and the temptation for unilateral action is high,” she concluded.

The National War College educates future leaders of the US Armed Forces, Department of State, and other civilian agencies for high-level policy, command, and staff responsibilities by conducting a senior-level course of study in national security strategy.




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