2 May 2003
WTO Secretariat reports significant decline in new anti-dumping investigations
The WTO Secretariat, on 2 May 2003, reported that in the period 1 July–31 December 2002, 17 Members initiated 149 anti-dumping investigations against exports from a total of 43 different countries or customs territories. This represents a significant decline from the corresponding period of 2001, during which 23 WTO Members had initiated 210 anti-dumping investigations. Forty of the 149 initiations during the second semester of 2002 were reported by developed countries.
China, with 27 investigations on its exports, is at the top of the list of countries subject to anti-dumping investigations, although this number is a slight decrease from the 29 investigations initiated on Chinese exports during the second semester of 2001. The Republic of Korea and Chinese Taipei were next, with, respectively, 10 and 8 investigations initiated on their exports in the second semester of 2002. Russia, Thailand, and the United States each had 7 investigations initiated on their exports, while Germany and Indonesia each had 6 investigations initiated on their exports, and Canada, India, Japan, and Singapore each had 5 investigations initiated on their exports in the second semester of 2002.
The largest number (46) of investigations initiated during the second semester of 2002 involved products classified in the base metals sector of the Harmonized System of Tariff Classification, which includes iron, steel and aluminium products. The second most affected sector was chemicals, with 43 investigations initiated, followed by plastics (23 initiations). Of its 54 investigations, India initiated the largest number (23) on chemical products, followed by 19 initiations on products in the base metals sector. Thailand initiated all 14 of its investigations on products in the base metals sector. Australia initiated 11 of its investigations on plastics products, and 1 each on products in the base metals and machinery sectors. The United States’ investigations were distributed among plastics products (5 initiations), vegetable and chemical products (3 initiations each) and animal and base metal products (1 initiation each).
Sixteen WTO Members imposed a total of 106 final anti-dumping measures against exports from 38 countries or customs territories during the second semester of 2002. Twenty-eight of these measures were imposed by developed countries. The number of measures imposed represents an increase from the 77 measures imposed during the corresponding period of 2001. This increase in the number of final measures is likely a consequence of the large number of initiations in preceding periods, 210 in the second semester of 2001, and 104 in the first semester of 2002.
India imposed the largest number of final measures (42) during the second semester of 2002, more than twice the number of final measures it had imposed (20) during the corresponding period of 2001. The European Communities were a distant second to India in the number of final measures imposed during the period, with 13, followed by the United States (9), Argentina and South Africa (7 each) and Egypt (6).
Exports from China were the subject of the largest number of final measures (18) imposed during the second semester of 2002. This represents a slight decrease from the 21 measures imposed against its exports during the second semester of 2001. The Republic of Korea was a distant second, with 9 measures, followed by Chinese Taipei (6) and the United States (5).
As was the case for initiations, the sector most affected by final measures was base metals, with 34 final measures imposed on products in that sector. The chemicals sector was second most affected, with 25 measures imposed, and the textiles sector was third, with 19 measures. Of the measures on products in the base metals sector, the largest number was imposed by the European Communities (10), followed by the United States (8), India (6), South Africa (4), Australia (3), Mexico (2), and Thailand (1). In the chemicals sector, India imposed the largest number of measures (17) followed by Argentina, Brazil, and the European Communities (2 each) and Mexico and the United States (1 each). In the textiles sector, India imposed the largest number of measures (12), followed by Turkey (3), Japan (2), and Argentina and the European Communities (1 each).
The data are taken from the semi-annual reports of Members to the Committee on Anti-Dumping Practices. The statistics are based on information from Members having submitted semi-annual reports for the relevant periods, and are incomplete to the extent Members have not submitted reports or have submitted incomplete reports. For the purpose of these statistics, each investigation or measure reported covers one product imported from one country.
The anti-dumping semi-annual reports by Members for the period 1 July–31 December 2002 can be found under document series G/ADP/N/98.