on subsidies and countervailing measures
India initiated 54 investigations during the second semester of 2002,
as compared with 55 investigations initiated during the second semester
of 2001. Thailand had the second highest number of initiations (14)
during the second semester of 2002, a significant increase from the 2
investigations initiated during the corresponding period in 2001.
Australia and the United States had only slightly fewer initiations,
with 13 each.
China, with 27 investigations on its exports, is at the top of the list
of countries subject to anti-dumping investigations, although this
number is a slight decrease from the 29 investigations initiated on
Chinese exports during the second semester of 2001. The Republic of
Korea and Chinese Taipei were next, with, respectively, 10 and 8
investigations initiated on their exports in the second semester of
2002. Russia, Thailand, and the United States each had 7 investigations
initiated on their exports, while Germany and Indonesia each had 6
investigations initiated on their exports, and Canada, India, Japan, and
Singapore each had 5 investigations initiated on their exports in the
second semester of 2002.
The largest number (46) of investigations initiated during the second
semester of 2002 involved products classified in the base metals sector
of the Harmonized System of Tariff Classification, which includes iron,
steel and aluminium products. The second most affected sector was
chemicals, with 43 investigations initiated, followed by plastics (23
initiations). Of its 54 investigations, India initiated the largest
number (23) on chemical products, followed by 19 initiations on products
in the base metals sector. Thailand initiated all 14 of its
investigations on products in the base metals sector. Australia
initiated 11 of its investigations on plastics products, and 1 each on
products in the base metals and machinery sectors. The United States’
investigations were distributed among plastics products (5 initiations),
vegetable and chemical products (3 initiations each) and animal and base
metal products (1 initiation each).
Sixteen WTO Members imposed a total of 106 final anti-dumping measures
against exports from 38 countries or customs territories during the
second semester of 2002. Twenty-eight of these measures were imposed by
developed countries. The number of measures imposed represents an
increase from the 77 measures imposed during the corresponding period of
2001. This increase in the number of final measures is likely a
consequence of the large number of initiations in preceding periods, 210
in the second semester of 2001, and 104 in the first semester of 2002.
India imposed the largest number of final measures (42) during the
second semester of 2002, more than twice the number of final measures it
had imposed (20) during the corresponding period of 2001. The European
Communities were a distant second to India in the number of final
measures imposed during the period, with 13, followed by the United
States (9), Argentina and South Africa (7 each) and Egypt (6).
Exports from China were the subject of the largest number of final
measures (18) imposed during the second semester of 2002. This
represents a slight decrease from the 21 measures imposed against its
exports during the second semester of 2001. The Republic of Korea was a
distant second, with 9 measures, followed by Chinese Taipei (6) and the
United States (5).
As was the case for initiations, the sector most affected by final
measures was base metals, with 34 final measures imposed on products in
that sector. The chemicals sector was second most affected, with 25
measures imposed, and the textiles sector was third, with 19 measures.
Of the measures on products in the base metals sector, the largest
number was imposed by the European Communities (10), followed by the
United States (8), India (6), South Africa (4), Australia (3), Mexico
(2), and Thailand (1). In the chemicals sector, India imposed the
largest number of measures (17) followed by Argentina, Brazil, and the
European Communities (2 each) and Mexico and the United States (1 each).
In the textiles sector, India imposed the largest number of measures
(12), followed by Turkey (3), Japan (2), and Argentina and the European
Communities (1 each).
The data are taken from the semi-annual reports of Members to the
Committee on Anti-Dumping Practices. The statistics are based on
information from Members having submitted semi-annual reports for the
relevant periods, and are incomplete to the extent Members have not
submitted reports or have submitted incomplete reports. For the purpose
of these statistics, each investigation or measure reported covers one
product imported from one country.
The anti-dumping semi-annual reports by Members for the period 1 July–31
December 2002 can be found under document series G/ADP/N/98.