Ms Bautista and Ms Hillman will replace Ms Merit Janow and Mr Yasuhei Taniguchi
whose terms of office expire on 10 December 2007; and Mr Oshima and Ms Zhang
will replace Messrs Georges Abi-Saab and A V Ganesan whose terms of office
expire on 31 May 2008.
The appointments were made according to the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU) which stipulates that the Appellate Body shall “comprise persons of recognized authority, with demonstrated expertise in law, international trade and the subject matter of the WTO agreements generally.” The DSU also requires that the Appellate Body membership be broadly representative of the WTO membership. Candidates were nominated by WTO Members and interviewed by a Selection Committee comprising the Director-General, and the Chairpersons of the General Council, the DSB, the Council for Trade in Goods, the Council for Trade in Services and the TRIPS Council. The appointments were made by the DSB on the basis of the Selection Committee's recommendation and following consultations with WTO Members.
Notes to editors
1. Biographical notes on the four new members are attached. Biographical data on
all of the Appellate Body members and former members may be found on the
2. The Appellate Body hears appeals from dispute settlement panel reports on issues of law covered in the panel report and legal interpretations developed by the panel. Three members of the Appellate Body hear and determine any one appeal. The Appellate Body can uphold, modify or reverse the legal findings and conclusions of a panel. Appellate Body reports are adopted by the Dispute Settlement Body, and unconditionally accepted by the parties to the dispute, unless there is a consensus against adoption. Since its establishment in November 1995, the Appellate Body has issued 82 reports and every report has been adopted.
Biographical note — Lilia R Bautista
Born in the Philippines on 16 August 1935, Ms Lilia R Bautista is currently
Consultant to the Philippine Judicial Academy which is the training school for
Philippine justices, judges and lawyers. She is also a member of several
Ms Bautista was the Chairperson of the Securities and Exchange Commission of the Philippines from 2000 to 2004. Between 1999 and 2000, she served as Senior Undersecretary and Special Trade Negotiator at the Department of Trade and Industry in Manila. From December 1992 to June 1999, Ms Bautista was the Philippine Permanent Representative in Geneva to the United Nations, WTO, WHO, ILO and other international organizations. During her assignment in Geneva, she chaired several bodies, including the WTO Council for Trade in Services. Her long career in the Philippine Government also included posts as Legal Officer in the Office of the President, Chief Legal Officer of the Board of Investments, and acting Trade Minister from February to June 1992.
Ms Bautista earned her Bachelor of Laws Degree and a Masters Degree in Business Administration from the University of the Philippines. She was conferred the degree of Master of Laws by the University of Michigan as a Dewitt Fellow.
Biographical note — Jennifer Hillman
Born in the United States on 29 January 1957, Ms Jennifer Hillman serves as a
Fellow and Adjunct Professor of Law at the Georgetown University Law Center's
Institute of International Economic Law. Her work focuses on the WTO dispute
settlement system, the WTO agreements related to trade remedies, and the WTO
jurisprudence related to trade remedies.
From 1998 to 2007, Ms Hillman served as a member of the US International Trade Commission — an independent, quasi-judicial agency responsible for making determinations in anti-dumping and countervailing proceedings, and conducting safeguard investigations.
From 1995 to 1997, Ms Hillman served as the chief legal counsel to the USTR, overseeing the legal developments necessary to complete the implementation of the Uruguay Round Agreement.
From 1993 to 1995, Ms Hillman was responsible for negotiating all US bilateral textile agreements prior to the adoption of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing.
Ms Hillman has a Bachelor of Arts and Master of Education from Duke University, North Carolina, and a Juris Doctor degree from Harvard Law School in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Biographical note — Shotaro Oshima
Born in Japan on 20 September 1943, Mr Shotaro Oshima is a law graduate from the
University of Tokyo, with almost 40 years experience as a diplomat in Japan's
Foreign Service, most recently as Ambassador to the Republic of Korea.
From 2002 to 2005, Mr Oshima was Japan's Permanent Representative to the WTO, during which time he served as Chair of the General Council and the Dispute Settlement Body.
Prior to his time in Geneva, Mr Oshima served as Deputy Foreign Minister responsible for economic matters and was designated as Prime Minister Koizumi's Personal Representative to the G8 Summit in Canada in June 2002. In the same year he served as the Prime Minister's Personal Representative to the UN World Summit on Sustainable Development in South Africa.
From 1997 to 2000, Mr Oshima served as Director-General for Economic Affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, responsible for formulating and implementing major policy initiatives in Japan's external economic relations.
Biographical note — Yuejiao Zhang
Born in China on 25 October 1944, Ms Yuejiao Zhang is Professor of Law at
Shantou University in China. She is an Arbitrator on China's International Trade
and Economic Arbitration Commission and practices law as a private attorney. Ms
Zhang also serves as Vice President of China's International Economic Law
Between 1998 and 2004, Ms Zhang held various positions at the Asian Development Bank. Prior to this, Ms Zhang held several positions in government and academia in China, including as Director-General of Law and Treaties at the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation (1984-1997) where she was involved in drafting many of China's trade laws such as the Foreign Trade Law, the Anti-Dumping Regulation and the Anti-Subsidy Regulation.
From 1987 to 1996, Ms Zhang was one of China's chief negotiators on intellectual property and was involved in the preparation of China's patent law, trade mark law, and copyright law. She also served as the chief legal counsel for China's GATT resumption and WTO accession. Between 1982 and 1985, Ms Zhang worked as legal counsel at the World Bank.
Ms Zhang was a Member of UNIDROIT from 1987-1999. She has a Bachelor of Arts from China High Education College and a Master of Laws from Georgetown University Law Center.
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