number of new measures also fell, by 12 per cent. During July-December 2007,
14 Members reported initiating a total of 101 new investigations, compared
with 109 initiations in the corresponding period of 2006. A total of 13
Members reported applying 58 new final anti-dumping measures during the
second semester of 2007, compared with 66 new measures reported by 15
Members for the corresponding period of 2006. Forty-five of the 101 new
investigations were initiated by developed Members, and 13 of the 58 new
final measures were applied by developed Members, during the second half of
2007. This compares with 31 new investigations opened and 21 new measures
applied by developed Members during the second half of 2006.
The Member reporting the highest number of new initiations during the second half of 2007 was India, with 31, followed by the United States (24), Korea (10), the European Communities (9), Brazil (8), Turkey (6), Argentina (5) Thailand (2), and Australia, Canada, Egypt, Mexico, Peru, and South Africa (1 each). For Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Egypt, the European Communities, Mexico, and Thailand, these figures represented declines from the levels reported for the second half of 2006, while for India, Korea, Turkey, and the United States, they reflected increases. In addition, Chile, China, Colombia, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Chinese Taipei, each of which had reported new initiations during the second half of 2006, reported no new initiations during the corresponding period of 2007.
China remained the most frequent subject of the new investigations, with 40 initiations directed at its exports during July-December 2007, virtually unchanged from the 39 new investigations on exports from China that were reported for the corresponding period of 2006. Korea and Thailand were the second most frequent subjects, with eight new initiations each directed at their exports during the second half of 2007, compared with six and three, respectively, during the second half of 2006. The European Communities and its member states were next, with six new initiations directed at their exports, followed by Malaysia (5); the United States (4); Indonesia, Russia and the United Arab Emirates (3 each); India, Chinese Taipei, Turkey, and Vietnam (2 each); and Australia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bosnia Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, Dominican Republic, Iran, Israel, Japan, Mexico, Singapore, and Sri Lanka (one each).
The products that were most frequently subject to the reported new investigations during the second half of 2007 were in the machinery and equipment sector (23 initiations), followed by chemicals (18 initiations), textiles (11), and base metals (10). Of the 23 reported initiations in respect of machinery and equipment, India reported 16, Argentina reported five, and the United States reported two.
Concerning application of new final anti-dumping measures, India, with 16, reported the largest number during the second half of 2007, twice the number it reported (8) during the corresponding period of 2006. Brazil reported eight new final measures during the July-December 2007 period, China and the European Communities reported seven each, Colombia reported four, and Argentina, New Zealand, Turkey and the United States each reported applying three new measures. Costa Rica, Egypt, Israel, and Thailand reported one new measure each. Compared with the figures reported during the second half of 2006, these represented increases for Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, New Zealand, and Thailand; decreases for China, Egypt, Israel, and Turkey; and no change for Argentina, the European Communities and the United States.
Products exported from China remained the most frequent subject of new measures — accounting for nearly half (26) of the 58 new measures reported for the second half of 2007. This compares with 22 new measures reported on products from China during the corresponding period of 2006. Japan, Korea, Singapore, and Chinese Taipei were tied for second place, with their exports subject to four new measures each. Malaysia was subject to three new measures. Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, the European Communities and its member states, Kazakhstan, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Saudi Arabia, Switzerland, Thailand, and the United States each were the subject of fewer than three new measures during the second half of 2007.
Concerning the affected sectors, products in the chemicals sector were the most frequent subject of new measures during July-December 2007, accounting for 23 of the 58 total new measures reported. Products in the machinery and equipment sector were in second place, with 12 new measures, and the textiles sector came third, with four new measures. Of the 23 new measures reported on products in the chemicals sector, China applied seven, the European Communities applied six, India applied five, Turkey and the United States two each, and Egypt one.
The data reported above are taken from the semi-annual reports of Members to the ADP Committee. The statistics are based on information from Members having submitted semi-annual reports for the relevant periods, and are incomplete to the extent that Members have not submitted reports or have submitted incomplete reports. For the purpose of these statistics, each investigation or measure reported covers one product imported from one country or customs territory.
The anti-dumping semi-annual reports by Members for the period 1 July-31 December 2007 can be found under document series G/ADP/N/166/*...
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