In particular, during January — June 2010, 19 WTO Members reported initiating a total of 69 new investigations, compared with 97 new investigations reported by 18 WTO Members for the corresponding period of 2009. A total of 14 Members reported applying 59 new anti-dumping measures during the first semester of 2010, with a decrease of 5% than the 62 new measures reported by 16 Members for the corresponding period of 2009. Fifteen new investigations were opened by developed Members and 10 out of 59 new final measures were applied by developed Members during the first half of 2010. This compares with 15 new investigations begun and 15 new measures applied by developed Members during the first half of 2009.
The Members reporting the highest number of new initiations during January — June 2010 were India, reporting 17 new initiations, followed by the European Union, reporting 8 new initiations, Argentina (7), Brazil and Israel (5 each). Other Members reporting initiations were Australia and China (4 each), Indonesia and Korea (3 each), Colombia, Thailand and the United States (2 each), and Canada, Chile, Jamaica, Mexico, Chinese Taipei, Turkey and Ukraine (1 each). These figures represented increases for India, the European Union, Brazil and Israel, and declines for Argentina, China, Indonesia, Colombia, the United States, Canada, Turkey and Ukraine. The number of initiations by Australia and Mexico remained unchanged compared with the numbers reported for January — June 2009. Chile, Jamaica, Korea, Chinese Taipei and Thailand, which did not report new initiations for January — June 2009, reported new initiations for the first semester of 2010, while Costa Rica, Pakistan, Peru and South Africa, which reported new initiations for the first half of 2009, did not report new initiations for the first half of 2010.
During the first half of 2010, China was the most frequent subject of the new investigations, with 23 new initiations directed at its exports. This was a 30% decrease from the 33 new investigations opened in respect of exports from China during January — June 2009. The European Union (including individual member States) was next with 11 new investigations directed at its exports, followed by the United States (5), Korea and Thailand (4 each), Malaysia and Chinese Taipei (3 each), Brazil and Japan (2 each), and Belarus, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Chile, Dominican Republic, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Norway, Singapore, South Africa, Ukraine, and Vietnam (one each).
The products most frequently affected by these new investigations during the first half of 2010 were in the base metals sector (20 initiations), the chemicals sector (11 initiations), the plastics and rubber sector (7 initiations) and the plaster and ceramic products sector (6 initiations). Of the 20 reported initiations relating to the base metals sector, 6 were reported by India, 3 by Indonesia, two each by Colombia, the European Union, Thailand and the United States, and one each by Argentina, Israel and Korea.
Concerning application of new final anti-dumping measures, India came at the top of the list, reporting 17 new measures during January — June 2010, unchanged from the first half of 2009. Turkey was in second place, reporting 9 new measures for the first half of 2010, followed by Argentina and China (7 new measures each), the United States (5), Brazil (3), Canada, the European Union and Israel (2 each), and Australia, Egypt, Mexico, Peru, and South Africa (one each). Chile, Colombia, Korea, Pakistan and Thailand, which had reported applying new measures during the first half of 2009, reported no new measures during the corresponding period of 2010.
Products exported from China were the most frequent subject of new measures during January — June 2010, accounting for 25 out of 59 new measures during this period. This represented a decline of 17% compared with the 30 new measures applied on Chinese exports during the first half of 2009. The European Union (including individual member States) was in second place with 6 new measures applied on its exports during the first half of 2010, followed by the United States (5 new measures applied on its exports), Chinese Taipei (4), and Indonesia, Russian Federation and Thailand (3 each). Australia; Hong Kong, China; India; the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Korea; Kuwait; South Africa; Turkey; Ukraine; and Vietnam were subject to one measure each.
The sector most frequently affected by the new measures applied during January — June 2010 was the base metals sector, products of which accounted for 18 out of 59 measures reported. Products in the chemicals sector were subject to 12 new measures, products in the plastics and rubber sector were subject to 11 new measures, products in the textiles sector were subject to 6 new measures, and products in the machinery and electrical equipment sector were subject to 5 new measures, while products in the footwear and plaster and ceramic sectors were subject to 2 new measures each. Concerning the measures applied on products in the most affected sector (base metals) India applied 7 out of the 18 reported new measures, China came in second place with 3 new measures, Canada, Turkey and the United States came in third place with 2 measures each, and the European Union tied with Mexico, each reporting one new measure on products in this sector.
The data reported above are taken from the semi-annual reports of Members to the Committee on Anti-Dumping Practices. The statistics are based on information from Members having submitted semi-annual reports for the relevant periods, and are incomplete to the extent that Members' reporting is incomplete. For the purpose of these statistics, each investigation or measure reported covers one product imported from one country or customs territory. The anti-dumping semi-annual reports by Members for the period 1 January — 30 June 2010 can be found under document series (G/ADP/N/202).