IUU fishing

Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing - which is the subject of the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) International Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate IUU Fishing - refers inter alia to fishing and fishing-related activities conducted in contravention of national, regional and international laws; non-reporting, misreporting or under-reporting of information on fishing operations and their catches; fishing by “stateless” vessels; fishing in areas under the mandate of Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (RFMOs) by non-party vessels; and fishing activities which are not regulated by states and cannot be easily monitored and accounted for. In the WTO negotiations, members are debating which IUU determinations, by which entities, and under which conditions could be used as the basis for prohibiting subsidies that contribute to IUU fishing.

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