Information about the organization

UNDERSTANDING THE WTO: THE ORGANIZATION

Members and Observers

 members since , with dates of WTO membership (and pre-WTO GATT membership dates where applicable).

Click any member to see key information on trade statistics, WTO commitments, disputes, trade policy reviews, and notifications.

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More introductory information
The WTO in Brief
10 benefits
10 misunderstandings


Albania  8 September 2000
Angola  23 November 1996 (GATT: 8 April 1994)
Antigua and Barbuda  1 January 1995 (GATT: 30 March 1987)
Argentina  1 January 1995 (GATT: 11 October 1967)
Armenia  5 February 2003
Australia  1 January 1995 (GATT: 1 January 1948)
Austria  1 January 1995 (GATT: 19 October 1951)
Bahrain, Kingdom of  1 January 1995 (GATT: 13 December 1993)
Bangladesh  1 January 1995 (GATT: 16 December 1972)
Barbados  1 January 1995 (GATT: 15 February 1967)
Belgium  1 January 1995 (GATT: 1 January 1948)
Belize  1 January 1995 (GATT: 7 October 1983)
Benin  22 February 1996 (GATT: 12 September 1963)
Bolivia, Plurinational State of  12 September 1995 (GATT: 8 September 1990)
Botswana  31 May 1995  (GATT: 28 August 1987)
Brazil  1 January 1995 (GATT: 30 July 1948)
Brunei Darussalam  1 January 1995 (GATT: 9 December 1993)
Bulgaria  1 December 1996
Burkina Faso  3 June 1995 (GATT: 3 May 1963)
Burundi  23 July 1995 (GATT: 13 March 1965)
Cabo Verde 23 July 2008
Cambodia 13 October 2004
Cameroon  13 December 1995 (GATT: 3 May 1963)
Canada  1 January 1995 (GATT: 1 January 1948)
Central African Republic  31 May 1995 (GATT: 3 May 1963)
Chad  19 October 1996 (GATT: 12 July 1963)
Chile  1 January 1995 (GATT: 16 March 1949)
China  11 December 2001
Colombia  30 April 1995 (GATT: 3 October 1981)
Congo  27 March 1997 (GATT: 3 May 1963)
Costa Rica  1 January 1995 (GATT: 24 November 1990)
Côte d'Ivoire  1 January 1995 (GATT: 31 December 1963)
Croatia    30 November 2000
Cuba  20 April 1995 (GATT: 1 January 1948)
Cyprus  30 July 1995 (GATT: 15 July 1963)
Czech Republic  1 January 1995 (GATT: 15 April 1993)
Democratic Republic of the Congo  1 January 1997
Denmark  1 January 1995 (GATT: 28 May 1950)
Djibouti  31 May 1995 (GATT: 16 December 1994)
Dominica  1 January 1995 (GATT: 20 April 1993)
Dominican Republic  9 March 1995 (GATT: 19 May 1950)
Ecuador  21 January 1996
Egypt  30 June 1995 (GATT: 9 May 1970)
El Salvador  7 May 1995 (GATT: 22 May 1991)
Estonia  13 November 1999
European Union (formerly European Communities)  1 January 1995
Fiji  14 January 1996 (GATT: 16 November 1993)
Finland  1 January 1995 (GATT: 25 May 1950)
France  1 January 1995 (GATT: 1 January 1948)
Gabon  1 January 1995 (GATT: 3 May 1963)
The Gambia    23 October 1996 (GATT: 22 February 1965)
Georgia  14 June 2000
Germany  1 January 1995 (GATT: 1 October 1951)
Ghana  1 January 1995 (GATT: 17 October 1957)
Greece  1 January 1995 (GATT: 1 March 1950)
Grenada  22 February 1996 (GATT: 9 February 1994)
Guatemala  21 July 1995 (GATT: 10 October 1991)
Guinea  25 October 1995 (GATT: 8 December 1994)
Guinea-Bissau  31 May 1995 (GATT: 17 March 1994)
Guyana  1 January 1995 (GATT: 5 July 1966)
Haiti  30 January 1996 (GATT: 1 January 1950)
Honduras  1 January 1995 (GATT: 10 April 1994)
Hong Kong, China  1 January 1995 (GATT: 23 April 1986)
Hungary  1 January 1995 (GATT: 9 September 1973)
Iceland  1 January 1995 (GATT: 21 April 1968)
India  1 January 1995 (GATT: 8 July 1948)
Indonesia  1 January 1995 (GATT: 24 February 1950)
Ireland  1 January 1995 (GATT: 22 December 1967)
Israel  21 April 1995 (GATT: 5 July 1962)
Italy  1 January 1995 (GATT: 30 May 1950)
Jamaica  9 March 1995 (GATT: 31 December 1963)
Japan  1 January 1995 (GATT: 10 September 1955)
Jordan  11 April 2000
Kenya  1 January 1995 (GATT: 5 February 1964)
Korea, Republic of  1 January 1995 (GATT: 14 April 1967)
Kuwait, the State of  1 January 1995 (GATT: 3 May 1963)
Kyrgyz Republic  20 December 1998
Lao People’s Democratic Republic  2 February 2013
Latvia  10 February 1999
Lesotho  31 May 1995 (GATT: 8 January 1988)
Liechtenstein  1 September 1995 (GATT: 29 March 1994)
Lithuania  31 May 2001
Luxembourg  1 January 1995 (GATT: 1 January 1948)
Macao, China  1 January 1995 (GATT: 11 January 1991)
Madagascar  17 November 1995 (GATT: 30 September 1963)
Malawi  31 May 1995 (GATT: 28 August 1964)
Malaysia  1 January 1995 (GATT: 24 October 1957)
Maldives  31 May 1995 (GATT: 19 April 1983)
Mali  31 May 1995 (GATT: 11 January 1993)
Malta  1 January 1995 (GATT: 17 November 1964)
Mauritania  31 May 1995 (GATT: 30 September 1963)
Mauritius  1 January 1995 (GATT: 2 September 1970)
Mexico  1 January 1995 (GATT: 24 August 1986)
Moldova, Republic of  26 July 2001
Mongolia  29 January 1997
Montenegro  29 April 2012
Morocco  1 January 1995 (GATT: 17 June 1987)
Mozambique  26 August 1995 (GATT: 27 July 1992)
Myanmar  1 January 1995 (GATT: 29 July 1948)
Namibia  1 January 1995 (GATT: 15 September 1992)
Nepal  23 April 2004
Netherlands  1 January 1995 (GATT: 1 January 1948)
New Zealand  1 January 1995 (GATT: 30 July 1948)
Nicaragua  3 September 1995 (GATT: 28 May 1950)
Niger  13 December 1996 (GATT:  31 December 1963)
Nigeria  1 January 1995 (GATT: 18 November 1960)
Norway  1 January 1995 (GATT: 10 July 1948)
Oman  9 November 2000
Pakistan  1 January 1995 (GATT: 30 July 1948)
Panama  6 September 1997
Papua New Guinea  9 June 1996 (GATT: 16 December 1994)
Paraguay  1 January 1995 (GATT: 6 January 1994)
Peru  1 January 1995 (GATT: 7 October 1951)
Philippines  1 January 1995 (GATT: 27 December 1979)
Poland  1 July 1995 (GATT: 18 October 1967)
Portugal  1 January 1995 (GATT: 6 May 1962)
Qatar  13 January 1996 (GATT: 7 April 1994)
Romania  1 January 1995 (GATT: 14 November 1971)
Russian Federation  22 August 2012
Rwanda  22 May 1996 (GATT: 1 January 1966)
Saint Kitts and Nevis  21 February 1996 (GATT: 24 March 1994)
Saint Lucia  1 January 1995 (GATT: 13 April 1993)
Saint Vincent & the Grenadines  1 January 1995 (GATT: 18 May 1993)
Samoa  10 May 2012
Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of  11 December 2005
Senegal  1 January 1995 (GATT: 27 September 1963)
Seychelles  26 April 2015
Sierra Leone  23 July 1995 (GATT: 19 May 1961)
Singapore  1 January 1995 (GATT: 20 August 1973)
Slovak Republic  1 January 1995 (GATT: 15 April 1993)
Slovenia  30 July 1995 (GATT: 30 October 1994)
Solomon Islands  26 July 1996 (GATT: 28 December 1994)
South Africa  1 January 1995 (GATT: 13 June 1948)
Spain  1 January 1995 (GATT: 29 August 1963)
Sri Lanka  1 January 1995 (GATT: 29 July 1948)
Suriname  1 January 1995 (GATT: 22 March 1978)
Swaziland  1 January 1995 (GATT: 8 February 1993)
Sweden  1 January 1995 (GATT: 30 April 1950)
Switzerland  1 July 1995 (GATT: 1 August 1966)
Chinese Taipei 1 January 2002
Tajikistan 2 March 2013
Tanzania  1 January 1995 (GATT: 9 December 1961)
Thailand  1 January 1995 (GATT: 20 November 1982)
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)  4 April 2003
Togo  31 May 1995 (GATT: 20 March 1964)
Tonga  27 July 2007
Trinidad and Tobago  1 March 1995 (GATT: 23 October 1962)
Tunisia  29 March 1995 (GATT: 29 August 1990)
Turkey  26 March 1995 (GATT: 17 October 1951)
Uganda  1 January 1995 (GATT: 23 October 1962)
Ukraine 16 May 2008
United Arab Emirates  10 April 1996 (GATT: 8 March 1994)
United Kingdom  1 January 1995 (GATT: 1 January 1948)
United States of America  1 January 1995 (GATT: 1 January 1948)
Uruguay  1 January 1995 (GATT: 6 December 1953)
Vanuatu  24 August 2012
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of  1 January 1995 (GATT: 31 August 1990)
Viet Nam  11 January 2007
Yemen  26 June 2014
Zambia  1 January 1995 (GATT: 10 February 1982)
Zimbabwe  5 March 1995 (GATT: 11 July 1948)

 

Observer governments  back to top

Afghanistan
Algeria
Andorra
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Belarus
Bhutan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Comoros
Equatorial Guinea
Ethiopia
Holy See (Vatican)
Iran
Iraq
Kazakhstan
Lebanese Republic
Liberia, Republic of
Libya
Sao Tomé and Principe
Serbia
Sudan
Syrian Arab Republic
Uzbekistan

Note: With the exception of the Holy See, observers must start accession negotiations within five years of becoming observers.

 

International intergovernmental organizations granted observer status to WTO bodies back to top


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Click any member to see key information on trade statistics, WTO commitments, disputes, trade policy reviews, and notifications.

 

See also:

How to join the WTO: introduction

More information on accessions

Developing countries

Least-developed countries: classification of WTO members

> Contracting parties to the GATT

International intergovernmental organizations granted observer status to WTO bodies

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