Issues covered by the WTO’s committees and agreements
AGRICULTURE NEGOTIATIONS: BACKGROUNDER

Statistics

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World trade in agricultural products, 2001 

Value $bn 547
Annual change %  
1980–85 –2
1985–90 9
1990–2001 3
1996 3
1997 –1
1998 –5
1999 –3
2000 1
2001 –1
Share in world merchandise trade % 9.1
Share in world exports of primary products % 40.9

Source: WTO International Trade Statistics 2002, table IV.3, includes trade between EU members

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Top 15 agricultural exporters and importers, 2001 

  Value

$bn

Share in world

%

  Value

$bn

Share in world

%

Exporters     Importers    
EU members 215.53 39.0 EU members 235.51 39.7
  EU to rest of world 57.81 10.6   EU from rest of world 79.78 13.5
United States 70.02 12.8 United States 68.40 11.5
Canada 33.57 6.1 Japan 56.94 9.6
Brazil 18.43 3.4 China 20.12 3.4
China 16.63 3.0 Canada c 15.55 2.6

Australia
16.56 3.0 Mexico 12.79 2.2
Argentina 12.20 2.2 Korea, Rep. of 12.50 2.1
Thailand 12.06 2.2 Russian Fed. a 11.40 1.9
Mexico 9.07 1.7 Hong Kong, China 11.06
Russian Fed. a 8.17 1.5   retained imports 6.43 1.1
      Taipei, Chinese 6.99 1.2

New Zealand
7.97 1.5 Switzerland 5.65 1.0
Malaysia 7.19 1.3 Indonesia 5.35 0.9
Indonesia 7.02 1.3 Saudi Arabia 5.01 0.8
Chile 6.97 1.3 Malaysia 4.83 0.8
India b 6.41 1.2 Thailand 4.83 0.8

Above 15
445.80 81.4 Above 15 472.32 79.6

Source: WTO International Trade Statistics 2002, table IV.8, “EU members” includes trade between EU members
a Includes WTO Secretariat estimates.   b 2000 instead of 2001.  c Imports are valued f.o.b.

 

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Agricultural products’ share in trade, by region, 2001 

  Exports Imports   Exports Imports
Share in total
merchandise trade, %
    Share in
primary products trade, %
   
World 9.1 9.1 World 40.9 40.9
North America 10.5 6.0 North America 58.3 32.7
Latin America 18.1 9.3 Latin America 45.6 45.7
Western Europe 9.2 9.9 Western Europe 56.0 46.6
C./E. Europe/Baltic States/CIS 8.7 10.5 C./E. Europe/Baltic States/CIS 21.0 43.1
Africa 14.7 15.3 Africa 20.5 56.9
Middle East 3.3 13.4 Middle East 4.3 62.2
Asia 6.7 9.7 Asia 46.7 35.0

Source: WTO International Trade Statistics 2002, table IV.5, includes trade between EU members

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