DS: United States — Certain Measures on Steel and Aluminium Products

This summary has been prepared by the Secretariat under its own responsibility. The summary is for general information only and is not intended to affect the rights and obligations of Members.


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Current status


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Key facts

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Third Parties:
Agreements cited:
(as cited in request for consultations)
Request for Consultations received:


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Summary of the dispute to date

The summary below was up-to-date at


Complaint by China (See also DS547, DS548, DS550, DS551, DS552, DS554, DS556 and DS564)

On 5 April 2018, China requested consultations with the United States concerning certain duties that the United States had imposed on imports of steel and aluminium products.

China claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with:

  • Articles 2.1, 2.2, 4.1, 4.2, 5.1, 7, 11.1(a), 12.1, 12.2 and 12.3 of the Agreement on Safeguards; and
  • Articles I:1, II:1(a) and (b), X:3(a), XIX:1(a) and XIX:2 of the GATT 1994.

On 13 April 2018, the United States requested the Chair of the DSB to circulate to Members a communication where it indicated that the United States was willing to enter into consultations with China, without prejudice to the US view that China's letter of 4 April 2018 did not satisfy the requirements of Article 4 of the DSU.

On 17 April 2018, India requested to join the consultations. On 18 April 2018, the Russian Federation and Thailand requested to join the consultations. On 19 April 2018, the European Union and Hong Kong, China requested to join the consultations.


Panel and Appellate Body proceedings

On 18 October 2018, China requested the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on 29 October 2018, the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel.

At its meeting on 21 November 2018, the DSB established a panel. Bahrain, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Egypt, the European Union, Guatemala, Hong Kong, China, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Norway, New Zealand, Qatar, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine and Venezuela reserved their third-party rights.

On 7 January 2019, China requested the Director-General to compose the panel. On 25 January 2019, the Director-General composed the panel.




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