DS: Egypt — Anti-Dumping Duties on Matches from Pakistan

This summary has been prepared by the Secretariat under its own responsibility. The summary is for general information only and is not intended to affect the rights and obligations of Members.


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Summary of the dispute to date

The summary below was up-to-date at


Complaint by Pakistan.

On 21 February 2005, Pakistan requested consultations with Egypt regarding definitive anti-dumping duties imposed by Egypt on matchboxes from Pakistan pursuant to Decree No. 667/2003 of 18 November 2003, as well as any amendments or extensions thereof. According to Pakistan, these measures appear to be inconsistent with Egypt’s obligations under the GATT 1994 and the Anti-Dumping Agreement.

In particular, Pakistan considers that the imposition of these anti-dumping duties and the investigation leading thereto violate the following provisions:

  • Articles VI:1 and VI:2 of GATT 1994;
  • Articles 1, 2.1, 2.2,, 2.2.2, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.4, 3.5, 6.1.3, 6.2, 6.4, 6.5, 6.5.1, 6.5.2, 6.6, 6.8 read with Annex II, 6.9, 6.13, 12.2, 12.2.2 and 18 of the Anti-Dumping Agreement.

On 9 June 2005, Pakistan requested the establishment of a panel.  At its meeting on 20 June 2005, the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel.


Panel and Appellate Body proceedings

At its meeting on 20 July 2005, the DSB established a panel.  China, the European Communities, Japan and the United States reserved their third-party rights.


Mutually agreed solution

On 27 March 2006, Pakistan and Egypt informed the DSB that they had reached a mutually agreed solution under Article 3.6 of the DSU in the form of price undertaking agreements between the concerned Pakistani exporters and the Egyptian Investigating Authority.


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