TRIPS and pharmaceutical patents: fact sheet
The WTOs Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) attempts to strike a balance between the long term social objective of providing incentives for future inventions and creation, and the short term objective of allowing people to use existing inventions and creations.
The agreement covers a wide range of subjects, from copyright and trademarks, to integrated circuit designs and trade secrets. Patents for pharmaceuticals and other products are only part of the agreement.
> Frequently-asked questions
This fact sheet has been prepared by the Information and Media Relations Division of the WTO Secretariat to help public understanding. It is not an official interpretation of the WTO agreements or members positions
> TRIPS issues: Pharmaceuticals and patents
> Pharmaceutical patents and the TRIPS Agreement
A more technical explanation.
IN GENERAL (see also exceptions)
RESEARCH EXCEPTION AND BOLAR PROVISION
ANTI-COMPETITIVE PRACTICE, ETC
WHAT ARE THE GROUNDS FOR USING COMPULSORY LICENSING?
PARALLEL IMPORTS, GREY IMPORTS AND EXHAUSTION OF RIGHTS
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