Address to the Second Summit of the Americas, Santiago de Chile
Your decision to launch negotiations to create the Free Trade area of the Americas will certainly have profound implications not only for your countries but also for the entire world economy. There is no doubt that the FTAA project is a fundamental movement towards trade liberalization and increased prosperity for the American Hemisphere.
is another important aspect that flows from your
debates. The starting point of this historical
collaboration and interdependence is, as usual, trade
liberalization; the elimination of barriers
dividing countries, economies and people. But at
the same time you have raised your sights beyond the
trade horizon and you look to other human, social and
political issues which our citizens consider more and
more essential in international cooperation.
At present, regional initiatives (some times on a continental scale like the FTAA) are on the front pages of most newspapers. History shows that, in many respects, regional trade initiatives have benefitted the world economy. Experience
in regional agreements has positively contributed to the development of multilateral trade rules, and for developing countries in particular, regional initiatives have been important stepping stones to liberalizing and expanding trade. The point
is simply to ensure at every level that regional efforts complement not compete with, the multilateral system that is so important for the global economy.
It is undeniable that the integration of the world economy and the new technologies are increasingly moving us toward a globalized and interdependent world. Our countries and our industries need global rules to prosper in global markets.
It is also politically important because we have to know what kind of world we want to shape, taking into account the reality of global integration and technological advances. Do we want a world divided into four or five different regional trading areas, each one with its own rules and benefitting from free trade inside, but still with barriers to trade from outside? Or do we want one single global free trade area with multilateral rules approved by all participants and with an enforcement capacity?
I am sure that the Free Trade Area of the Americas will become a powerful force in favour of the global path when the time will be right.
are celebrating in May in Geneva the 50th Anniversary of
the creation of the multilateral system. Over 50
years the system has proven its success in contributing
to world economic growth. It has done so by
reducing trade barriers worldwide, increasing the
participation of developing countries in the global
economy, and creating a framework of consensus-based
trade rules which is now almost universal.
I hope to see as many as possible of you in Geneva next month at the celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the multilateral trading system. This will be an invaluable and unique occasion not only to reaffirm at the highest political
level the value of the system and the need to ensure its continued effectiveness, but also to send a powerful political message to the world about the opportunities of globalization and the fact that in the WTO system our citizens have an ally and a guide which can help in understanding, approaching and benefitting from the transformations they are living through.