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TRIPS [ trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights ]
material on the WTO website.

Information on intellectual property in the WTO, news and official records of the activities of the TRIPS Council, and details of the WTO’s work with other international organizations in the field:

Click for Doha Development Agenda gatewaySee also:
Negotiations, implementation and development: the Doha agenda
Hong Kong Ministerial Declaration

ON THIS PAGE 

 

THIS PAGE’S SHORT URL:
www.wto.org/trips

 

TRIPS and public health notifications

Dedicated webpage on the decision of 30 August 2003, with details of notifications

> Illustrative guide to notifying under the Paragraph 6 System

How many members have accepted the amendment?

See also:

WTO Agreements and Public Health — A joint study by WHO and the WTO Secretariat

 

 


TRIPS news  back to top

News about the TRIPS Council and intellectual property in the WTO, prepared for non-specialists.

> Follow specific TRIPS issues, e.g: TRIPS and health; geographical indications; protection for plants and animals, traditional knowledge and biodiversity; etc. See below.

 

Intellectual property rights and the TRIPS Agreement  back to top

What are intellectual property rights?
Intellectual property rights are the rights given to people over the creations of their minds.

Basic introduction to the WTO’s intellectual property (TRIPS) agreement
From “Understanding the WTO”, an introduction to the WTO, written for non-specialists.

A more detailed overview of the TRIPS Agreement
“The TRIPS Agreement ... is to date the most comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property ...”

The text of the TRIPS Agreement 
Browse or download from the legal texts gateway.
The TRIPS Agreement is Annex 1C of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization.

Other intellectual property conventions that the TRIPS Agreement refers to:
The Paris Convention, Berne Convention, Rome Convention, and treaty on integrated circuits.

Find decisions of WTO bodies concerning the TRIPS Agreement in the Analytical Index — Guide to WTO Law and Practice

Frequently-asked questions on TRIPS
Check to see if the answers to your questions are in one of these.

Videos on TRIPS

 

Specific TRIPS issues  back to top

News and explanations of some current TRIPS issues.

Overview: Current issues in intellectual property

TRIPS and public health 

Geographical indications

Article 27.3(b), protection for plants and animals, traditional knowledge and biodiversity

Climate change and the WTO intellectual property (TRIPS) agreement

Non-violation complaints (Article 64.2)

Technology transfer

Least developed countries’ priority needs
An overview of the process of identifying and responding to least developed countries’ needs, with links to working materials, updates and tools for coordinating the work.

 

TRIPS work in the WTO  back to top

Work of the TRIPS Council
The TRIPS Council administers the TRIPS Agreement. It consists of all WTO members.
Follow the link above to search for minutes of the council’s meetings, its reports to the WTO General Council, and other TRIPS Council documents.

Click for Doha Development Agenda gatewayTRIPS Council “special sessions”
These are for negotiations on a multilateral system for notifying and registering geographical indications for wines and spirits, under the Doha Development Agenda.
Follow the link above to search for minutes of the meetings, reports and other documents from the negotiations.

Notifications — members’ transparency toolkit
Members share information on their intellectual property laws, regulations and practices through notifications submitted to the TRIPS Council. The toolkit includes procedures for sharing information, and other aids for members’ transparency work.

Review of members’ implementing legislation
Members have to notify the TRIPS Council about their relevant laws and regulations. This helps the Council review the agreement’s operation.

Technical cooperation in the TRIPS area
In particular, developed countries’ commitments under the TRIPS Agreement on technical cooperation, and the work of the TRIPS Council in this area.

 

Disputes  back to top

Disputes citing the TRIPS Agreement
Disputes arising from the obligations under the TRIPS Agreement are subject to the WTO’s dispute settlement procedures.

 

History: derestricted Uruguay Round negotiating documents on TRIPS  back to top

On 15 May 2006, the General Council decided to make public all official documents issued under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). This includes all official documents on TRIPS and other areas of the Uruguay Round negotiations. Information on how to access these documents can be found here.

As an alternative for TRIPS scholars, posted here in response to numerous requests, are the official documents on the subject from the 1986–94 Uruguay Round trade talks. They give scholars a picture of how the TRIPS Agreement came about. The documents include reports of meetings, other materials compiled by the GATT Secretariat, and communications from participants in the negotiations.

Search Documents Online
Documents of the Uruguay Round on TRIPS bear the document code MTN.GNG/TRIPS/* or MTN.GNG/NG11/* (where * takes additional values).
These links open a new window: allow a moment for the results to appear.

quick help with downloading
> comprehensive help on Documents Online

Uruguay Round — Group of Negotiations on Goods — Negotiating Group on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, including Trade in Counterfeit Goods

Note: many of the documents below are in legacy RFT format

Documents series: MTN.GNG/NG11/ (documents up to July 1990)

  • Reports of meetings of the Negotiating Group (Document code MTN.GNG/NG11/* and not W)    > search

  • Working documents (Document code MTN.GNG/NG11/W/*)    > search

Documents series: MTN.GNG/TRIPS/ (documents from 1991 onwards)

  • Reports of meetings of the Negotiating Group (Document code MTN.GNG/TRIPS/* and not W)    > search

  • Working documents (Document code MTN.GNG/TRIPS/W/*)    > search

You can perform more sophisticated searches from the Documents Online search facility by defining multiple search criteria such as document symbol (i.e. code number), notification number, requirement subject, trade coverage, full text search or document date.


  
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Events back to top

The WTO, often collaborating with other international organizations, regularly holds symposiums, training sessions and other events on intellectual property, trade and other related subjects. Details of events are here.

  

Cooperation with other intergovernmental organizations  back to top

See also:
> Observers in the TRIPS Council