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> Cotton, including the sub-committee
(July-August 2004 framework, paragraph 1.b and Annex A paragraph 4)
explanations in the agriculture negotiations backgrounder
> news archives
Development issues back to top
The four African countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali) described
the progress as “landmark” in a meeting on the development aspects earlier
the same day, the WTO Secretariat reported to the sub-committee. Summarizing
the earlier consultations, Chiedu Osakwe, director of the DDA Special Duties
Division, told the sub-committee that bilateral and multilateral donors had
reported a number of new contributions and projects for dealing with cotton.
These are being provided bilaterally by individual countries (US, EU and
Japan) and multilaterally by international organizations (African
Development Bank, IMF, OECD, UNIDO, World Bank). Mr Osakwe described this as
real progress in contributions and concrete indications of further advances.
The separate consultations on the development aspect are chaired by Stuart
Harbinson, special advisor to Director-General Pascal Lamy.
Uganda (in the earlier consultations) and Zimbabwe (in the sub-committee)
complained that development efforts are only focusing on some (West) African
countries whereas cotton is grown in other countries as well. Amb.Falconer
pointed out to the sub-committee that on the trade side the elimination of
export subsidies and cuts in domestic support will benefit all
non-subsidizing producers and, on the development side, that donors had said
they will respond to proposals for assistance from all countries.
Trade issues back to top
The chairman’s report on the agriculture negotiations: On the trade side,
chairperson Crawford Falconer said latest developments in the agriculture
negotiations could have an impact on cotton, although details are yet to be
The elimination of export subsidies has already been agreed.
On domestic support, where positions have moved within a range that allows
genuine negotiations, cuts in developed countries’ trade distorting “Amber
Box” subsides would include cuts on cotton. For the “Blue Box” (supports
with production limits or not requiring production) the question is whether
an appropriate balance can be found between the size of cuts and the
disciplines — combined with Amber Box cuts that could constrain domestic
supports, Ambassador Falconer said.
On market access, where key members were trying to narrow their differences,
so far there had been nothing like convergence; but if progress can be made,
then developing country cotton producers should benefit in two ways, he
said. They would gain from agreement to improve market access, and agreement
on this would unblock the talks and make agreement possible on export
competition and domestic support, he added.
The discussion: The EU repeated its proposal to “frontload” (implement what
is agreed earlier) for cotton. From the first day, it proposed eliminating
export subsidies on cotton and implementing the reductions on domestic
support on cotton that would be phased in for other products. On the market
access side, cotton and cotton products from all developing and
least-developed countries would enjoy quota-free, duty-free access, the EU
The EU urged the African proponents to recognize this as a formal proposal
that has been repeated orally in three successive meetings and recorded in
writing in the minutes of previous meetings. The Africans had described the
proposal as “new” and urged the EU to put it in writing.
The African proponents said conditions in their countries’ cotton sectors
are deteriorating and said they were anxious to see concrete results at the
Hong Kong Ministerial Conference. Amb.Falconer agreed that while the
agriculture negotiations provide the context for reform on cotton, the 2004
agreed framework requires additional concrete results on cotton. He said he
would continue to hold consultations on the subject; he held consultations
recently and plans to hold more as soon as possible.
Brazil and Australia, speaking for the G-20 and Cairns Group, said the
cotton initiative would also benefit from limits on Amber Box payments on
specific products and on disciplines on the Blue Box.
Next meetings back to top
Chairperson: back to top
Ambassador Crawford Falconer of New Zealand, formally elected at this 28
September 2005 meeting, who also chairs the agriculture negotiations.
Some of the groups: back to top
agriculture negotiations backgrounder
PROPONENTS: Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad,
AFRICAN GROUP (41 countries): Angola,
Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic,
Chad, Congo, Congo (Democratic Republic), Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt,
Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar,
Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger,
Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania,
Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe