Abbreviations and symbols

The complete publication “International trade statistics 2014” can be ordered from the WTO online bookshop.

Table of contents:
> Abbreviations and symbols
> World Trade Developments
> Merchandise trade
> Trade in commercial services
> Trade in global value chains
> Appendix tables
> Charts


Permission to make digital or hard copies of any information contained in these web pages is granted for personal or classroom use, without fee and without formal request.

Full citation and copyright notice must appear on the first page.

Copies may not be made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage.

To republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or fee.

Any feedback on this page should be sent to [email protected]

ACP African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States
ASEAN Association of South-East Asian Nations
AFTA ASEAN Free Trade Area
BOP Balance of Payments
BPM5 Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition
CACM Central American Common Market
CARICOM Caribbean Common Market
CEMAC Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
COMESA Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
ECCAS Economic Community of Central African States
ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EU European Union
EUROSTAT Statistical Office of the European Communities
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FATS Foreign Affiliates Statistics
FDI Foreign Direct Investment
GCC Gulf Co-operation Council
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GNP Gross National Product
HS Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System
IEA International Energy Agency
IMF International Monetary Fund
GTIS Global Trade Information Services Inc.
ISIC International Standard Industrial Classification
LDCs Least-developed countries
MERCOSUR Southern Common Market
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation
SADC South African Development Community
SAPTA South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement
SITC Standard International Trade Classification
WAEMU West African Economic and Monetary Union
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
UNECLAC United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNSD United Nations Statistics Division
c.i.f. cost, insurance and freight
f.o.b. free on board
n.e.s. not elsewhere specified
n.i.e. not included elsewhere

The following symbols are used in this publication:

... not available or growth rates exceeding 500%
0 figure is zero or became zero due to rounding
- not applicable
$ United States dollars
Q1,Q2 1st quarter, 2nd quarter


break in comparability of data series. Data after the symbol do not form a consistent series with those from earlier years.

Billion means one thousand million.

Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

Unless otherwise indicated, (i) all value figures are expressed in U.S. dollars; (ii) trade figures include the intra-trade of free trade areas, customs unions, geographical and other groups; (iii) merchandise trade figures are on a customs basis and (iv) merchandise exports are f.o.b. and merchandise imports are c.i.f. Data for the latest year are provisional.