DS: Japan — Measures Affecting Distribution Services

This summary has been prepared by the Secretariat under its own responsibility. The summary is for general information only and is not intended to affect the rights and obligations of Members.


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Complaint by the United States.

On 13 June 1996, the US requested consultations with Japan concerning Japan’s measures affecting distribution services (not limited to the photographic film and paper sector) through the operation of the Large-Scale Retail Store Law, which regulates the floor space, business hours and holidays of supermarkets and department stores. Violations of the GATS Article III (Transparency) and Article XVI (Market Access) are alleged. The US also alleged that these measures nullify or impair benefits accruing to the US (a non-violation claim). The US requested further consultations with Japan on 20 September 1996, expanding the factual and legal basis of its claim.


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