The dispute settlement provisions of the GATS (which
is contained in
Annex 1B of
Agreement) are contained in Articles
XXII and XXIII of
that Agreement. The GATS only provides for two types of complaints, the violation
complaint and the non-violation complaint.1 There
is no situation complaint and the GATT 1994 clause referring to the scenario
that “the attainment of any objective of the Agreement is being impeded” also
does not exist.
As regards the violation complaint, Article XXIII:1 of the GATS provides that a WTO Member that considers that another Member has failed to carry out its obligations under the GATS may have recourse to the DSU. The GATS thus abandoned the notion of nullification or impairment as a requirement in addition to the failure to carry out obligations. Consequently, Article 3.8 of the DSU is of no relevance to complaints brought under the GATS.
The non-violation complaint of GATS resembles that
of GATT 1994 because a Member can allege nullification or impairment of a benefit
it could reasonably expect to accrue to it under a specific commitment of another
Member in the absence of a conflict with the provisions of GATS (Article XXIII:3).
1. These are the two
types of complaint that play a practical role in GATT 1994.
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