Workshop on Regulatory Practices 11 April 2011

The Working Party on Domestic Regulation held a Workshop on Regulatory Practices to inform negotiators about practical experiences with services regulation, particularly with regard to transparency, licensing and qualification requirements and procedures, and the use of technical standards.


Through case studies by national regulators and presentations by international organizations, Members discussed issues related to the rationale and purpose behind regulation, how regulations are developed and implemented, the different approaches to regulation, the economic consequences of regulation or lack of regulation, as well as to highlight any examples of best practices.

The Workshop was held on 11 April and was open to all WTO Members and Observers. It was chaired by Mr. Ahmad Mukhtar (Pakistan), Chairman of the Working Party on Domestic Regulation. Descriptions of each session and the programme of speakers can be found below. For any further information concerning the Workshop, kindly contact Mr. Aik Hoe Lim, Secretary of the Working Party on Domestic Regulation (

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 11 April 2011

> Speakers' biographies

Chairman: Mr. Ahmad Mukhtar (Pakistan)

Session 1: General Introductory Session (10.00 – 13.00)

This session set the scene and examined such issues as the rationale and purpose behind regulation, the expected outcomes from regulation in a given sector, different approaches to regulation, and economic consequences of regulation or lack of regulation. Focusing on the experiences of both developed and developing countries, international organizations discussed their work in the area of services regulations and highlighted any capacity building activities specifically aimed at developing regulator policy capacity.

  • The GATS approach to the regulation of services sectors, Mr. Hamid Mamdouh, Director, Trade in Services Division, WTO Secretariat
  • Presentation by Mr. Bernard Hoekman, Director, International, Trade World Bank
    > Presentation
  • Services Trade Liberalization and Regulatory Reform, Mr. Bernard Hoekman and Mr. Aaditya Mattoo, World Bank
    > Policy Research Working Paper
  • Presentation by Ms. Mina Mashayekhi, Officer in Charge of Division of Trade in Goods, Services and Commodities, UNCTAD
    > Presentation
  • Perspectives on Domestic Regulation, Mr. Martin Khor, Executive Director, South Centre
  • Transparency mechanisms in domestic regulation, Trade Policy Linkages and Services Division, Ms. Edvokia Möisé, Senior Trade Policy Analyst, OECD
    > Presentation
  • Discussion

Session 2: Country case studies: sector specific and cross-cutting issues (15.00 ľ 18.00)

In this session, regulators and authorities from Members presented country case studies on the development and implementation of regulatory frameworks, and how they relate to national policy objectives, as well as any obstacles identified and lessons learned. Case studies were organized into those focusing on cross-cutting issues in regulatory practices and those on specific sectors.

Sector specific issues

  • Legal Services, Ms. Erica Moeser, President of the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE), United States
  • Energy Services, Mr. Lee Ming Tao, Principal Analyst, Economic Regulation & Licensing Department, Regulation Division, Singapore
    > Presentation
  • Discussion

Cross-cutting issues

  • E-regulation, Mr. Innocent Bajiji, National Coordinator, Rwanda Development Board, Rwanda
    > Presentation 
  • Best Regulation Practice, Mr. Darrell Porter, Office of Best Practice Regulation, Australia
    > Presentation 
  • Internal Market Information System, Ms. Wiebke Pankauke, Internal Market Directorate, European Commission
    > Presentation 
  • Discussion
  • Concluding remarks by Chairman