Preocupaciones comerciales específicas
Canada — Bill C-32 Amendment to the “Tobacco Act” (previously raised)
Over twenty WTO Members including developing countries
and LDCs - raised concerns about Canada's “Cracking Down on Tobacco Marketing
Aimed at Youth Act” (Bill C-32 amendment to the Tobacco Act), adopted by the
Canadian Parliament in October 2009.
This issue was raised at the last two TBT meetings. A summary of the debates can be read here.
Aimed at protecting children and youth from industry marketing practices that encourage smoking, the measure prohibits the manufacture and sale of cigarettes, little cigars and blunt wraps that contain certain identified flavourings and additives.
Concerned delegations stressed that the Tobacco Act would effectively ban “blended cigarettes” (cigarettes made with several types of tobacco), which contain a number of additives prohibited by Canadian law. These additives, they argued, do not add a characteristic flavour to the end product but are, rather, an essential component of the traditional blend that mitigates the strong flavour of Burley tobacco.
Some members argued that the consequences may be significant: Malawi, Kenya and Uganda mentioned the potential negative effects of the measure on their economies and economic and social development, arguing that Canada should ensure that the ban only applies to cigarettes that exhibit discernible confectionary or fruit flavours. They made submissions to the Committee in this respect: Malawi (in G/TBT/W/329); Kenya (in G/TBT/W/330) and Uganda (in G/TBT/W/331).
Canada reiterated that the measure does not ban any type of tobacco product, it only prohibits the use of additives, including flavours that make tobacco products more appealing to children and youth. Canada emphasized that tobacco use is a contributing factor to premature deaths and significant public health care costs in Canada, and that sound scientific evidence exists that certain additives, including flavours, do increase tobacco product attractiveness. Canada also explained that a number of initiatives and policy regulations restricting youth's access to tobacco products were being implemented, such as restrictions on tobacco industry advertising, mass-media programming, second-hand smoke messages and the development of school-based materials.
Thailand — Alcoholic Beverages (previously raised)
Thailand's measure on health warnings for alcoholic beverages measure would
require the display of specific health advisory statements and pictures on the
packaging of alcoholic beverages.
While members are supportive of the right to introduce regulations to address legitimate public health objectives, there is concern that the proposed labelling requirements are unnecessarily trade restrictive and that less burdensome approaches are available to achieve the same objective.
Several Members reiterated that, as drafted, the strong graphic messages contained in the labelling requirements could lead the consumer to believe that the conditions covered by the health warnings are generally caused by any level of alcohol consumption, even moderate consumption.
Thailand emphasized that while alcohol consumption is an individual's choice and right, the collective responsibility to effectively address alcohol-related problems is a public one. It was noted that to address this objective, Thailand had implemented a policy consisting of various effective interventions aiming at different target groups through different mechanisms (including the ban of small alcohol bottles). Drawing experience from tobacco control, pictorial warning labelling appeared to have a stronger impact than text-only messages — particularly where there existed population groups with a relatively low literacy rate. Thailand explained that the six proposed pictorial warning messages were fully supported by international and domestic scientific evidence.
A new observer
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) was
granted ad hoc observer status in the TBT Committee.
La próxima reunión del Comité OTC tendrá lugar los días 3-4 de noviembre de 210
• Servicio de información: funcionario u oficina del gobierno de un Miembro designado para responder a las consultas de otros Miembros de la OMC y del público con respecto a temas como los obstáculos técnicos al comercio o las medidas sanitarias y fitosanitarias.
• notificación: obligación de transparencia por la que los gobiernos Miembros deben notificar sus medidas en materia de comercio al órgano competente de la OMC si estas medidas pueden afectar al comercio de otros Miembros.
• obstáculos técnicos al comercio (OTC): reglamentos, normas, procedimientos de prueba y certificación que puedan afectar al comercio. El Acuerdo OTC de la OMC tiene por finalidad garantizar que no creen obstáculos innecesarios.
> Más definiciones: glosario
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