The WTO Secretariat reported that during the period 1 July — 31 December 2008,
the number of initiations of new anti-dumping investigations showed a 17 per
cent increase compared with the corresponding period of 2007. The number of new
measures applied also increased between these periods. In particular, during
July — December 2008, 15 WTO Members reported initiating a total of 120 new
investigations, compared with 103 initiations reported by 14 Members for the
corresponding period of 2007.
On a yearly basis, there were 208 initiations of new anti-dumping investigations
in 2008, as compared to 163 in 2007 and 202 in 2006 (see chart 1).
NUMBER OF INVESTIGATIONS INITIATED
1995 — 2008
The Members reporting the highest number of new initiations during July-December
2008 were India, reporting 42, followed by Brazil, reporting 16, China (11),
Turkey (10), Argentina and the European Communities (9 each), Indonesia (6),
Ukraine (4), Pakistan and the United States (3), Australia and Colombia (2
each), and Canada, Korea and Mexico (1 each). These figures represented
increases for Argentina, Australia, Brazil, India and Turkey, and declines for
Korea and the United States, while the numbers of initiations by Canada, the
European Communities and Mexico remained unchanged, compared with the numbers
reported for July — December 2007. China, Colombia, Indonesia, Pakistan and
Ukraine, which did not report new initiations for July — December 2007, reported
new initiations for the second semester of 2008.
China was the most frequent subject of the new investigations, with 34 new
initiations directed at its exports. This was a 17 per cent decrease from 40 new
investigations opened in respect of exports from China during July — December
2007. The European Communities (including individual member states) was next
with 14 new investigations directed at its exports, followed by Chinese Taipei,
Thailand, and the United States (6 each), Indonesia, Korea and Malaysia (5
each), India and Saudi Arabia (4 each) and Iran and Turkey (3 each). These were
followed by Australia; Belarus; Hong Kong, China; Japan; Russia; South Africa
and Ukraine (2 each), and Argentina, Armenia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Israel,
Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Peru, Philippines and Sri Lanka (one each).
Concerning the products affected by these new investigations, the most frequent
subjects during the second half of 2008 were in the base metals sector (43
initiations), the chemicals sector (22 initiations), textiles sector (19
initiations) and plastic and rubber sector (14 initiations). Of the 43 reported
initiations relating to the base metals sector, 24 were reported by India, 8 by
the European Communities, 3 by Indonesia, two each by Australia and Colombia,
and one each by Argentina, Canada, China and Mexico.
A total of 11 Members reported applying 81 new final anti-dumping measures
during the second semester of 2008, 45 per cent higher than the 56 new measures
reported by 14 members for the corresponding period of 2007. These new final
measures are the result of investigations initiated mainly in 2007 (initiation
of investigation to final anti-dumping measure could take a year and a half).
On a yearly basis, there were 138 final anti-dumping measures in 2008 as
compared to 107 in 2007 and 137 in 2006 (see chart 2).
NUMBER OF FINAL MEASURES
1995 — 2008
Fifteen new investigations were opened by developed Members and 36 out of 81 new
final measures were applied by developed Members during the second half of 2008.
This compares with 35 new investigations begun and 11 new measures applied by
developed Members during the second half of 2007.
Concerning application of new final anti-dumping measures, the United States
reported 21 new measures during July — December 2008, a significant increase
over the two new measures it reported for the second half of 2007, and
reflecting investigations it initiated principally in 2007, i.e., well before
the latest reporting period. India was in second place, reporting 13 new
measures for the second half of 2008, followed by Turkey (11 new measures),
Brazil (8), the European Communities (6), Argentina (3) and Egypt (1 measure).
Korea, which had not reported new measures in the second half of 2007, reported
10 new measures in the second half of 2008. Japan, Australia and Canada reported
4, 3 and 2 new measures for the second half of 2008, but reported no measures in
the corresponding period of 2007. China, Colombia, Israel and Thailand, which
had reported new measures during the second half of 2007, reported no new
measures during the corresponding period of 2008.
Products exported from China were the most frequent subject of new measures
during July — December 2008, accounting for 37 out of 81 new measures during
this period. This represented a 42 per cent increase over the 26 new measures
applied on Chinese exports during the second half of 2007. The European
Communities (including individual member states) was tied for second place with
Indonesia, each with 5 new measures directed at its exports. Exports from Korea
were subject to 4 new measures, while exports from India and the United States
followed with three new measures each. Exports from Canada, Russia, South
Africa, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, and Vietnam were subject to 2 new measures
each during the same period, while Bangladesh, Belarus, Japan, Singapore,
Malaysia, Brazil, Mexico, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, and Uruguay were subject
to one measure each.
The sector most frequently affected by the new measures applied during July — December 2008 was the chemicals sector, which accounted for 26 of 81 new
measures reported. The base metals sector was subject to 13 new measures, the
plastics and rubber sector and the pulp and paper sector were tied for third
place, subject to 11 new measures each. They were followed by the textiles
sector which was subject to 10 new measures and the machinery and electrical
equipment sector, subject to 5 measures. India applied 13 of the 26 new measures
on products in the chemicals sector, Japan and the United States applied 4
measures each, Korea applied three measures and the European Communities applied
two measures, in respect of this sector.
The data reported above are taken from the semi-annual reports of Members to the
ADP Committee. The statistics are based on information from Members having
submitted semi annual reports for the relevant periods, and are incomplete to
the extent that Members have not submitted reports or have submitted incomplete
reports. For the purpose of these statistics, each investigation or measure
reported covers one product imported from one country or customs territory.
The anti-dumping semi-annual reports by Members for the period 1 July - 31
December 2008 can be found under document series document series (G/ADP/N/180).
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