WTO: 2005 NEWS ITEMS
22 June 2005
WTO COTTON SUB-COMMITTEE
Africans call for response to cotton proposal as attention turns to end-July farm paper
African countries called for written responses or alternatives to their own proposal at the 22 June 2005 Cotton Sub-Committee meeting but some other members said more ambition in the agriculture negotiations would be the major contributor to a substantial outcome on cotton.
THIS NEWS ITEM IS DESIGNED TO HELP THE PUBLIC UNDERSTAND DEVELOPMENTS IN THE WTO. WHILE EVERY EFFORT HAS BEEN MADE TO ENSURE THE CONTENTS ARE ACCURATE, IT DOES NOT PREJUDICE MEMBER GOVERNMENTS’ POSITIONS. THE OFFICIAL RECORD IS IN THE MEETING’S MINUTES
> Cotton, including the sub-committee
> Mandate (July-August 2004 framework, paragraph 1.b and Annex A paragraph 4)
> Background explanations in the agriculture negotiations backgrounder
In a meeting that covered both trade and development issues related to cotton, Chairperson Tim Groser also outlined his assessment of the agriculture negotiations. He said members should study carefully his forthcoming paper on the negotiations, to be circulated before his end-of-July “first approximation of full modalities” (the “full modalities” in turn due to be approved at the Hong Kong Ministerial Conference in December 2005).back to top
African countries said they were disappointed that no other members have
produced written responses or alternative proposals to their paper,
circulated just before the last meeting in April (available
Some other countries said they preferred not to respond immediately in writing, either to allow them to be flexible in the positions they adopt, or because they believe an informal setting would be more conducive to technical exchanges on the paper.
Chairperson Tim Groser agreed, and said he might hold a consultation soon. This would be best done at a time when participants can assess the implications for cotton arising from developments in various areas of the agriculture negotiations as a whole, he indicated.
The call for written responses came from Benin, Burkina Faso and several other African delegations, supported by Brazil and Argentina. These delegations said this would help them to report to their governments that there have been new developments.
The US replied that the outcome in cotton will be determined by the agriculture negotiations, where it said reductions in specific areas such as domestic support will affect US programmes for cotton. But in order to achieve a significant result overall in cotton, members should be more ambitious in the agriculture negotiations as a whole, the US said. A higher level of ambition in agriculture could mean a result on cotton that is closer to the Africans’ aims, the US said.
The International Monetary Fund, an observer, outlined the result of a
conference on cotton in Cotonou, Benin, 18 May 2005. Conference participants
agreed on a “four-pronged response” to the surge in cotton production and
decline in prices, the IMF said: (1) to preserve macroeconomic stability by
tackling poverty directly instead of supporting prices in order to avoid
adjustment; (2) using development programmes to increase production
efficiency and competitiveness; (3) eliminating distorting export and
domestic subsidies in developed countries; and (4) protecting the poor
In a statement that is to be circulated in writing, the US said that in addition to trade reform and the need to increase African producers’ productivity, efforts should be made to boost flagging demand for cotton products (which is partly alleviated by increased demand in China), and that an ambitious result overall in agriculture would yield better results than focusing more narrowly on cotton. The US said economic analysis suggests that even when distorting subsidies are removed, the outcome might not be major increases in prices in the long term because an initial price rise would result in further expansion in supply which is already outstripping demand.
Benin, Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso said members should focus on getting rid of the distortions and allowing poor farmers “do their job”.
18 July 2005back to top
Tim Groser, former ambassador of New Zealand, who also chairs the agriculture negotiations.back to top
PROPONENTS: Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali
AFRICAN GROUP (41 countries): Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Congo (Democratic Republic), Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe