Information about the organization



This page gathers key information on Ecuador's negotiations to join the WTO.  Ecuador became the 129th WTO Member on 21 January 1996.

> Page for Ecuador as a Member





WTO accession process in brief



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Ecuador's Timeline

I. Overview
Application received 18/09/1992  L/7086
Accession Working Party established 29/09/1992  C/M/259
Terms of reference & accession Working Party membership  09/10/1992  L/7100  (+ revisions: 1, 2, 3)
14/03/1995  WT/L/55 (+  revisions)
Chairperson of the Accession Working Party     
1st 02/1993 - 01/1996 Ambassador Christer Manhusen (Sweden)
Formal Meetings of the Working Party Date of the meeting Convening notice Statement(s) by the Head of the Delegation Statement(s) by Working Party members Delegation list Other documents for the meeting News item
1st 20/07/1993  GATT/AIR/3465
2nd 17/01/1994  GATT/AIR/3534
3rd 21/04/1994  GATT/AIR/3565
4th 20/09/1994  GATT/AIR/3623
5th 28/11/1994  GATT/AIR/3651
6th 30/11/1994  GATT/AIR/3651
7th 01/12/1994
8th 01/05/1995
9th 19/05/1995
10th 10/07/1995
Informal Meetings of the Working Party Date of the meeting Convening fax Statement(s) by the Head of the Delegation
Plurilateral Meetings Date of the meeting Convening fax Statement(s) by the Head of the Delegation
II. Multilateral Negotiations
Memorandum on the Foreign Trade Regime (MFTR)  17/05/1993  L/7202
Questions and Replies to the Memorandum on Foreign Trade Regime 10/11/1993  L/7301 (+ addenda 1, 2)
Supplement and Corrigendum - Information submitted in response to additional questions 04/02/1994  Spec(94)1
Factual Summary of Points Raised 
Additional Questions & Replies 22/06/1994  L/7488 (+ addenda 1, 2)
21/02/1994  Spec(94)1/Add.I
21/04/1994  Spec(94)1/Add.2 (+ corrigendum)
Questions and Replies supplementary 25/11/1994  Spec(94)1/Add.2/Suppl.1
Elements of a Draft Report of the Working Party 
Draft Report of the Working Party  24/10/1994  Spec(94)44  (+  revisions 1, 2)
  01/06/1995  WT/L/68
Agriculture (WT/ACC/22/Add.1), including Questions and Replies 
Services (WT/ACC/22/Add.3
SPS Checklist (WT/ACC/22/Add.2
TBT Checklist (WT/ACC/22/Add.2
TRIPS Questionnaire (WT/ACC/22/Add.2
Import Licensing Procedures Questionnaire (WT/ACC/22 + revisions
Customs Valuation Checklist (WT/ACC/22 + revisions
State-Trading Questionnaire (WT/ACC/22 + revisions
Draft Subsidies Notification (WT/ACC/22/Add.2
Comprehensive Legislative Action Plan (LAP) 
Rule-specific Action Plans 
Legislation and implementing regulations    Click for details Legislation notice Notified legislation
25/03/1994  L/7268/Add.1
  •  Official Journal No. 349 of 31 December 1993 which contains the "Law on Modernization of the State, Privatization and the Provision of Public Services by Private Enterprise"
  •  Supreme Decree 188 published in Official Journal No. 158 of 8 February 1971 which contains the Health Code and Sanitary Register
  •  Ministerial Decision 8022 published in Official Journal No. 391 of 1 August 1977 which contains the "Regulations on Medicaments, Cosmetics and Hygiene Products
  •  Executive Decree 4114 published in Official Journal No. 984 of 22 July 1988 which contains the "Food Regulations"
  •  Ministerial Decision 10723 published in Official Journal No. 676 of 3 May 1991 concerning the "Pharmacological Standards for Registration in the Sanitary Register"
02/11/1994  L/7268/Add.3
  •  Ministerial Decision No. 752 of 14 October 1994 repealing the Ministerial Decisions on Minimum Customs Values
30/06/1994  L/7488/Add.2
  •  Decision No. 293 of the Board of the Cartagena Agreement on Rules of Origin
  •  Decision No.344 of the Board of the Cartagena Agreement on Industrial Property
  •  Decision No.351 of the Board of the Cartagena Agreement on Intellectual Property
05/08/1994  L/7523
  •  Ecuador's declaration that the Multilateral Agreements on Trade in Goods contained in Annex lA ofthe Final Act embodying the results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations will become an integral part of its domestic legislation.
Consultation documents    Click for details Consultation notice Notified consultation document
27/05/1993  L/7216
  •  Communication from Ecuador indicating readiness to commence bilateral negotiations
19/07/1993  L/7268
  •  Information on import statistics for Ecuador for 1991 and 1992
26/05/1994  L/7268/Add.2
  •  List of agricultural products subject to the Andean Price-Band System, Catalogue of Technical Standards of the Ecuadorian Standardization Institute (INEN); and Ministerial Decision No. 073 of 31 January 1994 containing the list ofminimum prices for textiles
23/09/1994  L/7523/Add.1
  •  Information Concerning Import Licensing Procedures
05/08/1994  L/7523
  •  Information Concerning the Uruguay Round Multilateral Trade Agreements
22/06/1994  L/7488
  •  Information on TRIMS and TRIPS
24/04/1995  WT/ACC/ECU/1
  •  Check List of Documents
   L/7268 (+ addenda 1, 2, 3)
  •  Communication from Ecuador submitting import statistics
17/05/1995  WT/ACC/ECU/2 (+  corrigendum)
  •  Notification under Article 5, paragraph 1 of the TRIMs Agreement
24/05/1995  WT/ACC/ECU/3
  •  Notification of temporary prohibition on the import of fish meal
20/03/1995  WT/L/54
  •  Note concerning the compatibility of Ecuador's foreign trade regime with the WTO Multilateral Agreements
06/07/1995  WT/ACC/ECU/4
  •  New Ministerial Agreement to ensure that imports of fish meal from any origin
13/12/1995  WT/ACC/ECU/7
  •  Ministerial Decision extending time-limit for acceptance of Protocol of Accession of Ecuador
III. Bilateral Market Access Negotiations 
Goods Offer(s) 
Services Offer(s)  28/11/1994  L/7566
Register of Bilateral Market Access Agreements 
Draft Goods Schedule  30/06/1995  WT/L/68/Add.1  (+  corrigendum & revision)
Draft Services Schedule 
Goods and Services Technical Verification Meetings 
IV. Summary of Final Meeting of the Working Party
V. Accession Package (“Terms of Accession”, de-restricted) 
Ministerial Conference/General Council Decision on the Accession 16/08/1995  WT/ACC/ECU/5
Protocol of Accession  22/08/1995  WT/ACC/ECU/6
Report of the Working Party 14/07/1995  WT/L/77 (+  Corr.1)
Goods Schedule (Schedule of Concessions and Commitments Annexed to the GATT 1994)  20/07/1995  WT/L/77/Add.1 (+  Corr.1; Corr.2)
Services Schedule (Schedule of Specific Commitments Annexed to the GATS)  20/07/1995  WT/L/77/Add.2
VI. Accessions Commitments Database (ACDB) 
Specific Accession Commitments  20/02/1997  WT/ACC/ECU/8
25/02/1998  WT/ACC/ECU/9
24/01/2000  WT/ACC/ECU/10
VII. Instrument of Acceptance 
Notification of Acceptance and Entry Into Force of the Protocol of Accession 22/12/1995  WT/LET/53
VIII. Date of Membership
  21/01/1996 129th Member
IX. Since 1995, this is the…
1st economy that joined the WTO pursuant to Article XII of the Marrakesh Agreement.

The de-restriction of documents is a key component of the transparency obligations of the Multilateral Trading System.  Paragraphs 1 and 2(e) of the Ministerial Council Decision WT/L/452 of 14 May 2002 provide that “documents relating to working parties on accession shall be restricted and shall be automatically de-restricted upon the adoption of the report of the working party” by the Ministerial Conference/General Council.  The time of completion of the de-restriction process depends on the amount and complexities of the documents involved.  Prior to 2002, the de-restriction of accession-related documents was governed by a different set of rules (i.e. General Council Decision WT/L/160/Rev.1 of 26 July 1996), which only affect documents circulated prior to 2002.