DS: United States — Countervailing Measures on Softwood Lumber from Canada

This summary has been prepared by the Secretariat under its own responsibility. The summary is for general information only and is not intended to affect the rights and obligations of Members.


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Current status


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Key facts

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Third Parties:
Agreements cited:
(as cited in request for consultations)
Request for Consultations received:


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Latest document


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Summary of the dispute to date

The summary below was up-to-date at


Complaint by Canada

On 28 November 2017, Canada requested consultations with the United States concerning certain countervailing measures with respect to softwood lumber products from Canada.

Canada claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with:

  • Articles 1.1(a), 1.1(b), 2.1(a), 2.1(b), 10, 11.2, 11.3, 14(d), 19.1, 19.3, 19.4, 21.1, 21.2, 32.1, and 32.5 of the SCM Agreement; and
  • Article VI:3 of the GATT 1994.


Panel and Appellate Body proceedings

On 15 March 2018, Canada requested the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on 27 March 2018, the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel.

At its meeting on 9 April 2018, the DSB established a panel. Brazil, China, the European Union, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, the Russian Federation, Turkey and Viet Nam reserved their third-party rights.

On 27 June 2018, Canada requested the Director-General to compose the panel. On 6 July 2018, the Director-General composed the panel.




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