This summary has been prepared by the Secretariat under its own responsibility. The summary is for general information only and is not intended to affect the rights and obligations of Members.
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Summary of the dispute to date
The summary below was up-to-date at
On 16 July 2018, the United States requested consultations with Turkey concerning the imposition by Turkey of additional duties with respect to certain products originating in the United States.
The United States claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with:
- Articles I:1, II:1(a) and II:1(b) of the GATT 1994.
On 18 October 2018, the United States requested additional consultations that supplemented its consultations request of 16 July 2018. The United States referred to the amendment of the additional duties measure, through which Turkey increased the rates of duty for 21 out of the 22 tariff lines concerned by the additional duties measure. The United States maintained that Turkey had not imposed the increased rates of duty on any other WTO Member and that such increase in rates of duty further exceed those set out in Turkey's schedule of concessions beyond what was originally imposed.
Panel and Appellate Body proceedings
On 20 December 2018, the United States requested the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on 11 January 2019, the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel.
At its meeting on 28 January 2019, the DSB established a panel. Brazil, Canada, China, the European Union, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, the Russian Federation, Singapore, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, Ukraine and Venezuela reserved their third-party rights.
On 18 February 2019, the United States requested the Director-General to compose the panel. On 28 February 2019, the Director-General composed the panel.
On 4 September 2019, the Chair of the panel informed the DSB that the panel expected to issue its final report to the parties by the second half of 2020. The Chair also informed the DSB that the report would be available to the public once it was circulated to the Members in all three official languages, and that the date of circulation depends on completion of translation. On 15 December 2020, the Chair of the panel informed the DSB that due to the delays caused by the global COVID-19 pandemic, the panel now expected to issue its final report to the parties by the second half of 2021. On 17 December 2021, the Chair of the panel informed the DSB that after consulting with the parties, taking into account the uncertainty about the pandemic's evolution in 2022, the panel would tentatively proceed to arrange further meetings with the parties by virtual means. The Chair apprised the DSB that the panel expected to issue its final report to the parties not earlier than the second half of 2022.
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