DS: European Union — Safeguard Measures on Certain Steel Products

This summary has been prepared by the Secretariat under its own responsibility. The summary is for general information only and is not intended to affect the rights and obligations of Members.


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Summary of the dispute to date

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Complaint by Turkey

On 13 March 2020, Turkey requested consultations with the European Union concerning the provisional and definitive safeguard measures imposed by the European Union on imports of certain steel products and the investigation that led to the imposition of those measures.

Turkey claimed that the measures appear to be inconsistent with:

  • Articles 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 4.1(b), 4.1(c), 4.2, 4.2(a), 4.2(b), 4.2(c), 5.1, 5.2, 6, 7.1, 7.4 and 9.1 of the Agreement on Safeguards; and
  • Articles I:1, II:1(b), XIII:1, XIII:2 and XIX:1(a) of the GATT 1994.


Panel and Appellate Body proceedings

On 16 July 2020, Turkey requested the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on 29 July 2020, the DSB deferred the establishment of a panel.

At its meeting on 28 August 2020, the DSB established a panel. Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Japan, Korea, Norway, the Russian Federation, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States reserved their third-party rights.

Following the agreement of the parties, the panel was composed on 29 September 2020.



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