DS: Australia — Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duty Measures on Certain Products from China

This summary has been prepared by the Secretariat under its own responsibility. The summary is for general information only and is not intended to affect the rights and obligations of Members.


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Summary of the dispute to date

The summary below was up-to-date at


Complaint by China

On 24 June 2021, China requested consultations with Australia with respect to anti-dumping and countervailing measures imposed by Australia on imports of certain products originating in China, inter alia, wind towers, deep drawn stainless steel sinks and railway wheels.

China claimed that the anti-dumping measures on wind towers, deep drawn stainless steel sinks and railway wheels appear to be inconsistent with:

  • Articles 2.1, 2.2,, 2.2.2, 2.4 and 9.3 of the Anti-Dumping Agreement; and
  • Articles VI:1 and VI:2 of the GATT 1994.

China claimed that the countervailing measures on deep drawn stainless stell sinks appear to be inconsistent with:

  • Articles 1.1(a)(1),1.1(b), 2.1(c), 11.1, 11.2, 11.3 and 14(d) of the SCM Agreement.


Panel and Appellate Body proceedings

On 13 January 2022, China requested the establishment of a panel. At its meeting on 25 January 2022, the DSB deferred the establishment of the panel.

At its meeting on 28 February 2022, the DSB established a panel. Argentina, Brazil, Canada, the European Union, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Norway, the Russian Federation, Singapore, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, United Kingdom, United States, and Viet Nam reserved their third-party rights.

On 28 April 2022, Australia and China informed the DSB that they had agreed to Procedures for Arbitration under Article 25 of the DSU in this dispute. Such procedures were entered into by Australia and China to give effect to the communication JOB/DSB/1/Add.12 (“Multi-Party Interim Appeal Arbitration Arrangement Pursuant To Article 25 Of The DSU (MPIA)”) and with the objective of setting a framework for an Arbitrator to decide on any appeal of any final panel report issued in this dispute, if the Appellate Body is not able to hear such an appeal under Articles 16.4 and 17 of the DSU.

Following the agreement of the parties, the panel was composed on 5 September 2022.



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