women and trade

Buenos Aires Declaration on Trade and Women's Economic Empowerment

In December 2017, in the margins of the WTO's 11th Ministerial Conference, 118 WTO members and observers endorsed the Buenos Aires Declaration on Trade and Women's Economic Empowerment, with the aim of increasing the participation of women in trade and removing barriers faced by women in entering the global marketplace.

The proponents of the Buenos Aires Declaration agreed to collaborate:

  • on making trade and development policies more gender-responsive, including by sharing experiences relating to policies and programmes aimed at encouraging women's participation in trade
  • by sharing best practices for conducting gender-based analysis of trade policies and for monitoring their effects
  • by sharing ways of collecting gender data and analysing gender-focused statistics related to trade
  • by working together in the WTO to remove barriers for women's economic empowerment and increase their participation in trade
  • by ensuring that Aid for Trade supports efforts to analyse, design and implement more gender-responsive trade policies.

Currently, 127 WTO members and observers have endorsed the Buenos Aires Declaration. They are:

Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belarus, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Burundi, Cambodia, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eswatini, Ethiopia, European Union member states (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden), Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, Indonesia, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea (Republic of), Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Myanmar, Namibia, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, North Macedonia, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Tajikistan, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Viet Nam and Zambia.

To support the implementation of the Declaration, six thematic workshops were held in 2018 and 2019:

On 10 December 2020, the proponents of the Buenos Aires Declaration launched their report on “Delivering on the Buenos Aires Declaration on Trade and Women’s Economic Empowerment”. The report extracts the best practices highlighted by members and international organisations during the six thematic workshop.

Eleventh WTO Ministerial Conference



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