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Promover el acceso a las tecnologías y la innovación en medicina: Intersecciones entre la salud pública, la propiedad intelectual y el comercio (segunda edición)

La cooperación internacional en materia de salud pública es intrínsecamente multidimensional y se centra en la creación de sistemas de salud eficaces. Con ese fin, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), la Organización Mundial de la Propiedad Intelectual (OMPI) y la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC) han colaborado estrechamente durante casi dos decenios, junto con otros asociados internacionales, para apoyar las actuaciones mundiales de mejora de la salud. Como parte de sus esfuerzos por ayudar a los países a desarrollar la capacidad para hacer frente a los desafíos multidimensionales en el sector de la salud pública, las tres organizaciones han publicado la segunda edición del estudio trilateral titulado "Promover el acceso a las tecnologías y la innovación en medicina".

Access to essential medicines and the lack of research to address neglected diseases have been a major concern for many years. To promote innovation and to ensure equitable access to all vital medical technologies, such as medicines, vaccines and medical devices, policy-makers need a clear understanding of the innovation processes that lead to new technologies and the ways in which these technologies are disseminated. This publication seeks to improve understanding of the interplay between the distinct policy domains of health, trade and intellectual property, and how they affect medical innovation and access to medical technologies.

This second edition captures new developments in key areas since the launch of the first study in 2013. Among the new topics covered in this edition are antimicrobial resistance and cutting-edge health technologies. The publication provides updated data on health, innovation trends in the pharmaceutical sector, and trade and tariffs relating to medical products. It includes an updated overview of access to medical technologies globally and key provisions in regional trade agreements. It also takes account of developments in intellectual property legislation and jurisprudence.

Since this study was completed prior to the COVID-19 outbreak, a standalone section on COVID-19 was added at the start of the publication to map the multiple challenges posed by the pandemic in relation to the integrated health, trade and IP policy frameworks set out in the study. It guides the reader to the parts of the main text that are particularly relevant to the issues raised during the pandemic.

The publication is the result of a collaborative effort by the WHO, WIPO and the WTO, drawing together the three secretariats' respective areas of expertise. It is intended to inform ongoing technical cooperation activities undertaken by the three organizations and to support policy discussions.

Drawing on longstanding experiences in joint technical cooperation activities, the publication has been prepared to serve the needs of policy-makers as well as lawmakers, government officials, delegates to international organizations, non-governmental organizations and researchers.

For the time being, the second edition is available in English only. The first edition of the study is also available in French and Spanish.

Co-published by the World Health Organization, the World Intellectual Property Organization and the World Trade Organization in July 2020.

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