- PART I General Provisions and Basic Principles
- PART II Standards Concerning the Availability, Scope and Use of Intellectual Property Rights
- 1. Copyright and Related Rights
- 2. Trademarks
- 3. Geographical Indications
- 4. Industrial Designs
- 5. Patents
- 6. Layout-Designs (Topographies) of Integrated Circuits
- 7. Protection of Undisclosed Information
- 8. Control of Anti-Competitive Practices in Contractual Licences
- PART III Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights
- 1. General Obligations
- 2. Civil and Administrative Procedures and Remedies
- 3. Provisional Measures
- 4. Special Requirements Related to Border Measures
- 5. Criminal Procedures
- PART IV Acquisition and Maintenance of Intellectual Property Rights and Related Inter-Partes Procedures
- PART V Dispute Prevention and Settlement
- PART VI Transitional Arrangements
- PART VII Institutional Arrangements; Final Provisions
- Annex and Appendix to the TRIPS Agreement
1. Members may require, as a condition of the acquisition or maintenance of the intellectual property rights provided for under Sections 2 through 6 of Part II, compliance with reasonable procedures and formalities. Such procedures and formalities shall be consistent with the provisions of this Agreement.
2. Where the acquisition of an intellectual property right is subject to the right being granted or registered, Members shall ensure that the procedures for grant or registration, subject to compliance with the substantive conditions for acquisition of the right, permit the granting or registration of the right within a reasonable period of time so as to avoid unwarranted curtailment of the period of protection.
4. Procedures concerning the acquisition or maintenance of intellectual property rights and, where a Member’s law provides for such procedures, administrative revocation and inter partes procedures such as opposition, revocation and cancellation, shall be governed by the general principles set out in paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 41.
5. Final administrative decisions in any of the procedures referred to under paragraph 4 shall be subject to review by a judicial or quasi-judicial authority. However, there shall be no obligation to provide an opportunity for such review of decisions in cases of unsuccessful opposition or administrative revocation, provided that the grounds for such procedures can be the subject of invalidation procedures.
The texts reproduced in this section do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.