AGREEMENT ON GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT (GPA)

Celebrating 25 years of the WTO GPA
and 40 years since the GATT GPA

In 2021, the WTO celebrates the 25th anniversary of the WTO's plurilateral Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), which entered into force in 1996, and the 40th anniversary of the first-ever version of the GPA, which entered into force in 1981, during the GATT days. To mark this dual anniversary, the WTO Secretariat has created this dedicated webpage.

Increasing GPA membership and Committee observership


 
Committee on Government Procurement on 27 February 2019

infographic

Evolution of the GPA

1976

Start of negotiations on government procurement during the GATT Tokyo Round.

1979

The GATT Tokyo Round Agreement on Government Procurement is adopted (Tokyo Round Code, GPA 1979).

1981

The GPA 1979 enters into force.

Parties at the time of entry into force (10): Canada; the European Economic Community (nine member states; Belgium; Denmark; France; the Federal Republic of Germany; Ireland; Italy; Luxembourg; the Netherlands; and the United Kingdom); Finland; Japan; Norway; Singapore; Sweden; Switzerland; the United Kingdom (in respect of certain territories for which it had international responsibility); and the United States.

What GPA Parties said about the GPA 1979

1986

Protocol amending the GPA 1979 is adopted (GPA 1986).

1988

The GPA 1986 enters into force.

Parties at the time of entry into force (12): Austria; Canada; the European Economic Community (ten member states: Belgium; Denmark; France; the Federal Republic of Germany; Greece; Ireland; Italy; Luxembourg; the Netherlands; and the United Kingdom); Finland; Israel; Japan; Norway; Singapore; Sweden; Switzerland; the United Kingdom (in respect of Hong Kong); and the United States.

What GPA Parties said about the GPA 1986

1994

The WTO Agreement on Government Procurement is adopted (GPA 1994).

What GPA Parties said about the GPA 1994

1996

The GPA 1994 enters into force.

Parties at the time of entry into force (eight): Canada; the European Communities (15 member states: Austria; Belgium; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Italy; Luxembourg; the Netherlands; Portugal; Spain; Sweden; and the United Kingdom); Israel; Japan; Norway; Singapore; Switzerland; and the United States.

1997

The coexistence of the GPA 1986 and the GPA 1994 ends.

2012

The Protocol amending the GPA 1994 is adopted (GPA 2012).

What GPA Parties said about the GPA 2012

2014

The GPA 2012 enters into force.

Parties at the time of entry into force (10): Canada; the European Union (28 member states: Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; the Netherlands; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Slovak Republic; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; and the United Kingdom); Hong Kong, China; Iceland; Israel; Liechtenstein; Norway; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; and the United States.

What GPA Parties said about the GPA 2012

2021

The GPA 2012 replaces the GPA 1994; the co-existence of the GPA 1994 and the GPA 2012 ends.

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