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Le commerce électronique

À la deuxième Conférence ministérielle, en mai 1998, les Ministres, reconnaissant que le commerce électronique mondial s'accroissait et créait de nouvelles possibilités d'échanges, ont adopté laDéclaration sur le commerce électronique mondial. Celle-ci prévoyait l'établissement d'un programme de travail sur le commerce électronique, qui a été adopté en septembre 1998. Le Conseil général examine périodiquement ce programme sur la base des rapports présentés par les organes de l'OMC chargés de le mettre en œuvre. Les Ministres examinent eux-aussi régulièrement le programme lors des conférences ministérielles de l'OMC.

(temporairement en anglais)

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Nouvelles 

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Background

The Declaration instructed the General Council to establish a comprehensive work programme to examine all trade-related issues relating to global electronic commerce, including issues identified by Members. Ministers also declared that Members will continue their practice of not imposing customs duties on electronic transmissions ("moratorium" on customs duties). The Secretariat issued a Note to assist Members in their deliberations on trade-related issues pertaining to global electronic commerce pursuant to the Ministerial Declaration on Global Electronic Commerce.

 

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Work Programme on Electronic Commerce

 In September 1998, the General Council adopted the Work Programme on Electronic Commerce.

Definition of electronic commerce: The Work Programme on Electronic Commerce states that: "Exclusively for the purposes of the work programme, and without prejudice to its outcome, the term 'electronic commerce' is understood to mean the production, distribution, marketing, sale or delivery of goods and services by electronic means". Four WTO bodies were charged with the responsibility of carrying out the Work Programme: the Council for Trade in Services; the Council for Trade in Goods; the Council for TRIPS; and the Committee on Trade and Development. The General Council plays a central role and keeps the work programme under continuous review.

 

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Work in the respective bodies

The Work Programme on Electronic Commerce instructed:

  • the Council for Trade in Goods to examine and report on aspects of electronic commerce relevant to the provisions of GATT 1994, the multilateral trade agreements covered under Annex 1A of the WTO Agreement, and the approved work programme;
    > CTG interim review of progress

 

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Work in the General Council

Since May 2001, the General Council's examination of cross-cutting issues under the Work Programme has been carried out in dedicated discussions held for this purpose. The first Dedicated Discussion was held on 15 June 2001 under the auspices of the General Council. Following that meeting, the Secretariat circulated a summary of the issues raised and a list of cross-cutting issues identified by delegations.

Work Programme on Electronic Commerce — Review of Progress  :

 

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Ministerial Decisions on the Work Programme on Electronic Commerce

Ministers have considered the Work Programme on Electronic Commerce Ministers at their Ministerial Conferences in Geneva 1998; Doha 2001; Hong Kong 2005; Geneva in 2009; Geneva 2011; and Bali 2013. At those Conferences, Ministers have taken note of the reports on electronic commerce and have instructed the General Council and its relevant subsidiary bodies to continue their work on e-commerce. Ministers have also agreed to continue the practice of not imposing customs duties on electronic transmissions until their next session.

 

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Dixième Conférence ministérielle