DISPUTE SETTLEMENT: APPELLATE BODY

Appellate Body

The Appellate Body was established in 1995 under Article 17 of the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (DSU). It is a standing body of seven persons that hears appeals from reports issued by panels in disputes brought by WTO Members. The Appellate Body can uphold, modify or reverse the legal findings and conclusions of a panel, and Appellate Body Reports, once adopted by the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB), must be accepted by the parties to the dispute. The Appellate Body has its seat in Geneva, Switzerland.

Disclaimer
The pages on this web site regarding the Appellate Body and the Appellate Body Secretariat are intended solely for information. These pages do not constitute an authoritative interpretation of the WTO Agreements, including the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes, or the Working Procedures for Appellate Review.

VIDEOS 
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Introduction 

Appeals in the WTO dispute settlement system
This link takes you to the section on disputes in the WTO guide “Understanding the WTO”.

  

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News 

  

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Appellate Body Members and Secretariat 

The Appellate Body is composed of seven Members who are appointed by the DSB to serve for four-year terms, with the possibility of being reappointed once. The Appellate Body membership shall be broadly representative of membership in the WTO. The Appellate Body receives administrative and legal support from the Appellate Body Secretariat.

  

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Procedures for Appellate Review 

Appeals are conducted according to the procedures established under the DSU and the Working Procedures for Appellate Review.

 

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Post Employment Guidelines

On 16 April 2014, the Appellate Body circulated Post Employment Guidelines that it has adopted for former Appellate Body Members, former Appellate Body Secretariat staff, and former interns at the Appellate Body Secretariat, and requested the cooperation of WTO Members in facilitating compliance with these guidelines.

 

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Guidelines in Respect of Executive Summaries of Written Submissions

In a communication circulated by the Appellate Body on 11 March 2015, the Appellate Body set forth Guidelines in Respect of Executive Summaries of Written Submissions in Appellate Proceedings (WT/AB/23), setting out the prescribed format and length for the executive summaries that participants and third participants are to submit, together with their written submissions, in appellate proceedings, and clarifying that such summaries will be annexed, without modification, to the Appellate Body report in the dispute.

 

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Current Appeals 

20 February 2017:The Russian Federation filed a Notice of Appeal in “Russia ľ Anti-Dumping Duties on Light Commercial Vehicles from Germany and Italy ” (WT/DS479).

17 February 2017: Indonesia filed a Notice of Appeal in Indonesia – Importation of Horticultural Products, Animals and Animal Products (WT/DS477, WT/DS478).

10 February 2017: Indonesia filed a Notice of Appeal in European Union — Anti‑Dumping Measures on Imports of Certain Fatty Alcohols from Indonesia (WT/DS442).

16 December 2016: The United States filed a Notice of Appeal in “United States — Conditional Tax Incentives for Large Civil Aircraft” (WT/DS487).

18 November 2016: China filed a Notice of Appeal in “United States — Certain Methodologies and their Application to Anti‑Dumping Proceedings Involving China” (WT/DS471).

13 October 2016: The European Union filed a Notice of Appeal in “European Communities and certain member States — Measures Affecting Trade in Large Civil Aircraft, Recourse to Article 21.5 of the DSU by the United States” (WT/DS316)

 

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Appellate Body Reports 

The Reports of the Appellate Body for individual appeals.
> Chronological list, with links to the Reports.
> Statistics on number of appeals.
> Analytical Index: Guide to WTO Law and Practice

Appellate Body Repertory of Reports and Awards 1995–2013
> Buy from online bookshop
> Consult online version

  

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Appellate Body Annual Report 

Search Documents Online
These links open a new window: allow a moment for the results to appear.

  • Appellate Body Annual Report (Document code WT/AB/* and keyword “annual report”)  > search  > help

You can perform more sophisticated searches from the Documents Online search facility (opens in new window) by defining multiple search criteria such as document symbol (i.e. code number), full text search or document date.

  

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10th Anniversary Conferences 

Academic Groups to host conferences commemorating establishment of WTO Appellate Body.
> Click here for more information

Publications 

> A History of Law and Lawyers in the GATT/WTO

Appellate Body Annual Report 2014

> Download in pdf format

> Previous reports

 

Appellate Body Repertory of Reports and Awards 1995–2013

> Publication details

> Buy from online bookshop

> Consult online version