Topics handled by WTO committees and agreements
Issues covered by the WTO’s committees and agreements


Appellate Body

The Appellate Body was established in 1995 under Article 17 of the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (DSU). It is a standing body of seven persons that hears appeals from reports issued by panels in disputes brought by WTO Members. The Appellate Body can uphold, modify or reverse the legal findings and conclusions of a panel, and Appellate Body Reports, once adopted by the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB), must be accepted by the parties to the dispute. The Appellate Body has its seat in Geneva, Switzerland.

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The pages on this web site regarding the Appellate Body and the Appellate Body Secretariat are intended solely for information. These pages do not constitute an authoritative interpretation of the WTO Agreements, including the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes, or the Working Procedures for Appellate Review.


Introduction  back to top

Appeals in the WTO dispute settlement system
This link takes you to the section on disputes in the WTO guide “Understanding the WTO”.


News  back to top


Appellate Body Members and Secretariat  back to top

The Appellate Body is composed of seven Members who are appointed by the DSB to serve for four-year terms, with the possibility of being reappointed once. The Appellate Body membership shall be broadly representative of membership in the WTO. The Appellate Body receives administrative and legal support from the Appellate Body Secretariat.


Procedures for Appellate Review  back to top

Appeals are conducted according to the procedures established under the DSU and the Working Procedures for Appellate Review.


Post Employment Guidelines back to top

On 16 April 2014, the Appellate Body circulated Post Employment Guidelines that it has adopted for former Appellate Body Members, former Appellate Body Secretariat staff, and former interns at the Appellate Body Secretariat, and requested the cooperation of WTO Members in facilitating compliance with these guidelines.


Current Appeals  back to top

25 March 2015:  Peru filed a Notice of Appeal in Peru — Additional Duty on Imports of Certain Agricultural Products (DS457).

26 January 2015:  India filed a Notice of Appeal in “India — Measures Concerning the Importation of Certain Agricultural Products” (DS430).


Appellate Body Reports  back to top

The Reports of the Appellate Body for individual appeals.
Chronological list, with links to the Reports.
Statistics on number of appeals.
> Analytical Index: Guide to WTO Law and Practice

Appellate Body Repertory of Reports and Awards 1995–2005
Buy from online bookshop
Consult online version


Appellate Body Annual Report  back to top

Search Documents Online
These links open a new window: allow a moment for the results to appear.

  • Appellate Body Annual Report (Document code WT/AB/* and keyword “annual report”)     > search     > help

You can perform more sophisticated searches from the Documents Online search facility (opens in new window) by defining multiple search criteria such as document symbol (i.e. code number), full text search or document date.


10th Anniversary Conferences  back to top

Academic Groups to host conferences commemorating establishment of WTO Appellate Body.
Click here for more information

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Appellate Body Annual Report 2013

Download in pdf format

Previous reports


Appellate Body Repertory of Reports and Awards 1995–2013

Publication details

Buy from online bookshop

Consult online version