Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X, Y, Z

The texts reproduced here do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.

narcotic crops, diversification from

AG Preamble

domestic support commitments, exemption (AG 6.2)

national treatment: see national treatment on internal taxation and regulation, general principle (GATT III:1); national treatment on internal taxation and regulation, government procurement exceptions (GATT III:8); national treatment, regulatory discrimination (GATT III:4); national treatment, services and service suppliers (GATS XVII); national treatment, tax discrimination (GATT III:2); national treatment (TBT 2.1); national treatment (TRIPS 3)

national treatment on internal taxation and regulation, general principle (GATT III:1)


measures imposed at the time or point of importation (“internal measures”) (GATT Ad Article III)

internal taxes imposed by local government (GATT XXIV:12 and Ad Article III:1)

“reasonable measures” (GATT Ad Article III:1)

“so as to afford protection”

national treatment on internal taxation and regulation, government procurement exceptions (GATT III:8)

“and not with a view to commercial resale … or use in production of good for” (GATT III:8(a))

payment of subsidies exclusively to domestic producers (GATT III:8(b))

national treatment, quantitative regulation requiring supply of specified amount or proportion from domestic sources (GATT III:5)

application of regulation achieving this effect (GATT III:7)

exemptions (GATT III:6)

GATT Ad Article III:5 and

national treatment, regulatory discrimination (GATT III:4)


internal transportation charges, applicability

“laws, regulations or requirements”

“less favourable treatment”

“like product”: see “like product” (GATT III:2 and III:4)

preshipment inspections, applicability to (PSI 2.2)


national treatment, services and service suppliers (GATS XVII): see also Financial Services, Understanding on Commitments in

compensation for inherent competitive disadvantages, exclusion (GATS XVII:1, footnote 10)

foreign character of services (SG XVII, footnote 10), relevance

formally identical or formally different treatment

as compliance with GATS XVII:1 (GATS XVII:2)

modification of conditions of competition and (GATS XVII:3)

national treatment, tax discrimination (GATT III:2): see also “like product” (GATT III:2 and III:4)

“charge of any kind”

“directly or indirectly”

existing internal taxes (GATT III:3)

“not similarly taxed”

national treatment (TBT 2.1)

national treatment (TRIPS 3)

applicability (TRIPS 3.1)

developing country Members’ right to delay application (TRIPS 65.2), applicability

judicial and administrative procedures, exceptions (TRIPS 3.2)

natural disaster relief, exemption from domestic income support (AG Annex 2, para. 8)

natural persons: see movement of natural persons supplying services under GATS (GATS Annex)

negotiations concerning multilateral trade relations, WTO as forum for (WTO III:2)

NGOs (non-governmental organizations), consultation and cooperation with (WTO V:2)

Committee on Trade and Environment

General Council role

non-actionable subsidy: see subsidy, non-actionable (SCM 8)

non-discriminatory administration of quantitative restrictions (GATT XIII): see also quantitative restrictions, elimination (GATT XI)

allocation of quotas (GATT XIII:2), quotas representing total amount, fixing and notice (GATT XIII:2(a))

allocation of quotas to Members having a substantial interest (GATT XIII:2(d)), ATC 2.19/GATT XIX and (ATC 2.20)

allocation of quotas to Members not having a substantial interest (GATT XIII:2(d))

commercial considerations, reason for exclusion (Ad Article)

export restrictions, applicability to (GATT XIII:5)

import licences or permits

as alternative to quotas (GATT XIII:2(b))

information relating to, obligation to provide (GATT XIII:3(a))

restriction to particular country or source, exclusion (GATT XIII:2(c))

information, obligation to provide

import licences and (GATT XIII:3(a))

public notice of quotas (GATT XIII:3(b))

shares in quota currently allocated (GATT XIII:3(c))

object and purpose (GATT XIII:2), distribution of trade approaching shares in absence of quotas

prohibition of discrimination (GATT XIII:1)

public notice of quotas, need for (GATT XIII:3(b))

representative period, selection of (GATT XIII:4)

special factors (Ad Article)

non-discriminatory administration of quantitative restrictions (GATT XIII), exceptions (GATT XIV)

group of territories with common IMF quota, restrictions against non-members (GATT XIV:3)

import restrictions under GATT XII or XVIII, Section B to increase currency earnings (GATT XIV:4)

restrictions equivalent to exchange restrictions under IMF Articles of Agreement VII:3(a)

restrictions under IMF Articles of Agreement VIII or XIV or exchange agreement under GATT XV:6 (GATT XIV:1)

consultations, right to consider nature, effects and reasons for discrimination (Ad Article)

restrictions under preferential arrangements in GATT Annex A (GATT XIV:5(b))

temporary deviation with consent where benefits substantially outweigh injury (GATT XIV:2 and Ad Article)

“non-discriminatory” (GATS Annex on telecommunications, footnote 15)

“non-government body” (TBT Annex 1, para. 8)

non-tariff measures: see quantitative restrictions, elimination (GATT XI)

non-violation claims (GATT XXIII:1(b)): see also nullification or impairment (GATT XXIII)

any measure”

dispute settlement and (DSU 26.1)

notifiable measures, indicative list (Decision on Notification Procedures, Annex)

Notification, Consultation, Dispute Settlement and Surveillance, Understanding on (28 November 1979)

Decision on Notification Procedures (para. I)

TRIMs 6.1

notification obligations and procedures

AD Agreement: see investigation of dumping (AD 5)/subsidy (SCM 11), notification to government of exporting Member (AD 5.5); investigation of dumping or countervailing measures, evidentiary rules (AD 6/SCM 12), notification to all interested parties of essential facts under consideration (AD 6.9/SCM 12.8); subsidy, notification obligations (SCM 25)

balance of payments restrictions: see Balance of Payments, Understanding on GATT XII and XVIII:B and the provisions of the Declaration on Trade Measures taken for Balance of Payments Purposes (1979), notification obligation (BOPU 9)

consultations (DSU 4.4): see consultations (DSU 4), notification of request for (DSU 4.4)

exemption in respect of use, sale or lease of foreign vessel (GATT 1994, 3(c))

import licensing: see Import Licensing Procedures Agreement (LIC), notification obligations (LIC 1.4 and 5)

mutually agreed solution (DSU): see mutually agreed/acceptable solution to matters raised formally (DSU 3.6)

notification of enquiry/contact points (GATS III:4/GATS IV:2)

PSI Agreement: see PSI Agreement, notification (PSI 5), requirements

Safeguards Agreement: see safeguard measures (SG/GATT XIX), notification (SG 12)

SPS Agreement: see SPS regulations, transparency (SPS 7 and Annex B)

State trading enterprises (GATT VII:4): see State trading enterprises (GATT XVII), notification requirements (GATT XVII:4/Understanding on the Interpretation of Art. VII)

subsidies: see subsidy, non-actionable (SCM 8), notifications (SCM 8.3); subsidy, notification obligations (SCM 25)

TBT: see technical regulations (TBT Agreement), notification procedures in case of urgency (TBT 2.10); technical regulations and standards (TBT Agreement), conformity assessment, notification procedures in case of urgency (TBT 5.7); technical regulations and standards (TBT Agreement), conformity assessment, notification procedures (TBT 5.6)

Textiles and Clothing Agreement (ATC): see quantitative restrictions (ATC 2) (integration process), notification requirements; quantitative restrictions not covered by ATC 2 (ATC 3); transitional safeguards (ATC 6), notification, need for

TRIMs Agreement: see TRIMs Agreement, notification requirements (TRIMs 5.1)

TRIPS: see notification obligations and procedures (TRIPS)

notification obligations and procedures (TRIPS)

border measures

acceptance of application/determination (TRIPS 52)

notice of suspension (TRIPS 54)

suspension ex officio (TRIPS 58(b))

enquiry/contact points (TRIPS 69)

laws and regulations (TRIPS 63.2)

common register

Paris Convention 6ter and


patents, authorization of “unauthorized” use (TRIPS 31(b))

Notification Obligations and Procedures, Working Group on (Decision on Notification Procedures, para. III)

coordination with activities of Working Party on State Trading Enterprises


recommendations, examination by Council for Trade in Goods

terms of reference

Notificafction Procedures, Ministerial Decision on (15 April 1994)

central registry (para. II)

commitment to observe (para. I)

TRIMs 6.1

Undertaking regarding notification, consultation, dispute settlement and surveillance (1979) applicability

indicative list (Annex)

review of notification obligations and procedures (para. III)

nullification or impairment (DSU 3.8)

direct or indirect benefits (DSU 3.3)

inconsistency with covered agreement as prima facie evidence of


SCM 5 (adverse effects)

GATT provisions, applicability (footnote 12)

Understanding on Waivers of Obligations under GATT 1994 and (WOU 3)

nullification or impairment (DSU 22.4): see suspension of concessions for non-implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 22), level equivalent to nullification or impairment (DSU 22.4)

nullification or impairment (GATT XXIII)

applicability, AG 19

failure to resolve (GATT XXIII:2)

consultation with UN Economic and Social Committee

suspension of concessions and

“within a reasonable time”

resulting from

application of measure taken by another contracting party (GATT XXIII(b))

conflict with GATT, relevance

failure of another contracting party to carry out GATT obligations (GATT XXIII:1(a))

“the existence of any other situation” (GATT XXIII:1(c))

dispute settlement and (DSU 26.2)

suspension of concessions (GATT XXIII:2)

withdrawal from GATT and

Understanding on Waivers of Obligations under GATT 1994 and (WOU 3)

written representations/proposals for satisfactory adjustment (GATT XXIII:1)

GATT XXIII:1(c) type difficulty (“existence of any other situation”)

recommendations to contracting parties