The following index covers the body text of this book but not the text of the WTO Agreements. Disputes have been indexed under the name of the WTO Member respondent in the dispute and under the subject matter.

Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Z



harmless error principle AD 3903, 456, 483, 827, DSU 311 n. 495, 1709


harmonization of non-preferential rules of origin (RO 9): see rules of origin disciplines (RO 2) (transition period)


harmonization of SPS measures (SPS 3)

measures based on international standards (SPS 3.1)

“based on” SPS 712

Codex Alimentarius and SPS 70

validity of OIE standards SPS 75

“where they exist” SPS 735

availability for some but not all diseases SPS 74

standard/powers of review (panel) SPS 73

measures which conform to international standards (SPS 3.2)

burden of proof SPS 824

“conform to” SPS 801, 92

incorporation into domestic law SPS 78

presumption of consistency with SPS/GATT (burden of proof) (SPS 3.2) SPS 32, 76, 78, 79

measures which result in a higher level of protection (SPS 3.3)

as autonomous right SPS 8, 778, 89, 94

limitations on SPS 90

or as a consequence …” SPS 95

precautionary principle and SPS 91

presumption of consistency with SPS/GATT (burden of proof) (SPS 3.2) and SPS 79, 84, 88, 95, 3002, 338

rational relationship between measure and available information SPS 96

risk assessment obligation (SPS 5) and SPS 95, 100, 17880, 530

risk assessment, need for (SPS 5.1–5.3 and Annex A(4)): see risk assessment, need for (SPS 5.1–5.3); risk assessment (SPS Annex A(4)(4))

“scientific justification” (SPS 3.3) and SPS 141

as SPS object and purpose (SPS 3.1/preamble) SPS 35, 689, 71


Harmonized System of Customs Classification (HS)

AIR and AIR 2, 1516, 19

amendments to GATT 1902

“as presented” GATT 123

as basis for AG Annex 1 AG 25

Explanatory and Chapter Notes, status GATT 126

implementation of HS changes GATT 1902

interpretation of covered agreements (VCLT) and

as context for purposes of/ “rule of international law” (VCLT 31 (3)(c)) GATT 123, 124, 1259, 128, 1289, DSU 1593

“instrument in connection … with the conclusion of the treaty” (VCLT 31(2)(b)), whether DSU 1566, 1638

as supplementary means (VCLT 32) DSU 1638

modifications to Schedules and GATT 178

obligation to ensure conformity GATT 1901

updating obligation GATT 171


Havana Charter (GATT XXIX), GATT practice GATT 1088


Headquarters Agreement (WTO–Switzerland) (1995) WTO 193 MOU (WTO–Switzerland) on WTO long-term housing needs (2008) WTO 194


historical preferences (GATT I:2 and I:3)

Secretarial Note reviewing status at 18 December 1992 GATT 56

waiver in respect of GATT I:4 for South Africa and Zimbabwe GATT 57


Honduras, as developing country Member for purposes of SCM 27(2) (a) SCM 680


Hong Kong, ATC safeguard measures (ATC 6), TMB discussion ATC 30


Hong Kong Ministerial Conference/Declaration (2005)

Decision on duty-free and quota-free market access for LDCs (DFQF) GATT 1056

Doha Round/Work Programme, guidance WTO 59

e-Commerce (HK 46) WTO 36

facilitation and acceleration of LDC accession negotiations (HK 59) WTO 252

LDC temporary measures (TRIMs 5.1) TRIMs 289


Hong Kong SAR, as WTO member WTO 232