The following index covers the body text of this book but not the text of the WTO Agreements. Disputes have been indexed under the name of the WTO Member respondent in the dispute and under the subject matter.

Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Z



waivers (WTO IX:3 and IX:4)

1.203–12, 2.107: see also GATT 1947/WTO continuity see also under “legal instruments” (GATT 1994 1(b)) see also under decisions on GATT 1947 waivers

Decision-Making Procedures Under Articles IX and XII of the WTO Agreement, Council decision (1995) WTO 203

exceptional nature WTO 209, 210

GATT I/GATT XIII waivers, relationship GATT 6823

GATT 1947 waivers WTO 2068

GATT II (Schedules of Concessions) GATT 171, 17680

limited duration WTO 212

Lomé waiver WTO 209, GATT 114, 6823, DSU 534

modification or addition to obligations, exclusion WTO 21011

Table of waivers WTO Table XX D

waiver decisions WTO 2045


wines and spirits, additional protection for GIs (TRIPS 23)

see also geographical indications (TRIPS Part II Section 3) (GIs)

GI negotiations TRIPS 1668

protected rights (TRIPS 16), potential for conflict TRIPS 164

protected rights (TRIPS 16), resolution of conflict (TRIPS 23.2) TRIPS 165

work programme (Doha 18/Hong Kong Declaration) TRIPS 161


WIPO Copyright Agreement (1996) WTO 162, TRIPS 301

approval by TRIPS Council and adoption TRIPS 89, 304

lex specialis/presumption against treaty conflicts TRIPS 89

State/IGO emblems (PC 6ter) TRIPS 28

successive treaties relating to the same subject matter (VCLT 30) and DSU 1533


withdrawal of appeal (ABWP 30)

good faith (DSU 3.10) and DSU 107

as means of amending an appeal (ABWP 23 bis changes) DSU 14734

simple withdrawal DSU 1468

withdrawal of conditional appeal DSU 1469

withdrawal and re-filing of appeal, for scheduling reasons DSU 14702


“withdrawal of subsidy without delay” (SCM 4.7)

agricultural subsidies, applicability to SCM 153

continuation of payments SCM 2067, 241

repayment of past subsidy/retroactive effect SCM 20810, 210

“bring into conformity” (DSU 19) distinguished SCM 216, DSU 20

countervailing duties (SCM 19.1) and SCM 208, 462

special or additional rules and procedures (DSU 1.2 and Appendix 2), relevance DSU 20

time limits, DSU 21.3 provisions, relevance DSU 1091

withdrawal of subsidy as SCM 7.8 remedy compared SCM 208, 215, 328, 329

“without delay” SCM 21114

DSU 21.3 and SCM 211, 217

obligation of panel to specify time-period SCM 214

private action and SCM 213, 241


withholding or withdrawal of concessions (GATT XXVII)

GATT practice GATT 1071

Marrakesh Protocol provisions GATT 1071


Working Party on Domestic Regulation (WPDR)

annual reports GATS 213

establishment WTO 97, GATS 211

responsibilities GATS 211

as successor to Working Party on Professional Services GATS 211


Working Party on GATS Rules

emergency safeguard measures (GATS X) GATS 69, 214

establishment WTO 97, GATS 214

government procurement (GATS XIII) GATS 73

subsidies (GATS XV) GATS 95, 214


Working Party on Professional Services

annual reports GATS 210

establishment WTO 97, GATS 209

replacement by Working Party on Domestic Regulation (WPDR) GATS 211


Working Party on Subsidy Notifications SCM 513


Working Procedures, fair, prompt and effective settlement as objective, 17.115, 17.123, 17.133, 17.345, 17.743, 17.1367, 17.1474: see also prompt and satisfactory settlement (DSU 3.3)


Working Procedures (AB) (DSU 17.9 and ABWP): see AB procedures (DSU 17.9 and ABWP)


Working Procedures (Article 22.6 arbitrations): see arbitration (DSU 22.6); working procedures


Working Procedures (DSU 12.1 and Appendix 3): see panel procedures (DSU 12 and Appendix 3 (WP))


World Bank/WTO relationship (WTO III:5)

see also exchange arrangements (IMF/WTO) (GATT XV); IMF/ WTO relationship (WTO III:5)

Agreement (1997), conclusion and implementation WTO 424, 162, 308

annual reports WTO 51

observer status WTO 45


World Customs Organization (WCO)

communication on relationship between WCO instruments and GATT XVIII GATT 508

right to refer dispute to (DSU 23.1) DSU 1311


World Organization for Animal Health (previously Office International des Epizooties (OIE))

Equivalence Decision (SPS 4) and SPS 11516

provision of information to SPS Committee SPS 2

WTO cooperation agreement with (1998) WTO 162


World Tourism Organization, agreement with WTO on means to avoid confusion WTO 17


writing, need for: see transparency (AD 3 and 5); written record/ notification and (AD Agreement)



accessions: see accession (WTO XII)

Assets, Liabilities, Records, Staff and Functions from GATT to the WTO, Agreement on (1994) WTO 195, 267

decision-making procedures: see decision-making procedures (WTO IX)

establishment WTO 16


“decisions on all matters under any of the Multilateral Trade Agreements”

forum for negotiations: see “forum for negotiations” (WTO III:2)

IMF and: see IMF/WTO relationship (WTO III:5)

legal status (WTO VIII:1) WTO 191


see also accession (WTO XII), original membership (WTO XI:1)

as at 30 September 2011 WTO Table XX A

statistics WTO 223

Ministerial Conference (WTO IV:1): see Ministerial Conference (WTO IV:1)

name WTO 16

World Tourism Organization, agreement on means to avoid confusion WTO 17

officers, appointment, guidelines WTO 73

privileges and immunities: see privileges and immunities (WTO VIII)

structure (WTO IV), organization chart WTO 52


WTO Agreement

amendments (WTO X)

acceptance requirements (WTO X:3) WTO 21516

adoption by Ministerial Conference (WTO X:1) WTO 62

Annex 1 Agreements (WTO X:1), TRIPs Agreement (Decision of 6 December 2005) WTO 21314

multilateral interpretation, effect WTO 202

applicability of preamble to

all covered agreements WTO 3

GATT XX(g) WTO 2, 3


continuity with GATT 1947: see GATT 1947/WTO continuity

cumulative nature of obligations SPS 63, SCM 687, SG 1, 6

entry into force (WTO XIV:1) WTO 264

“unless the Ministers decide otherwise”, retroactive extension WTO 265

non-application in absence of consent (WTO XIII:1) WTO 25960

table of invocations WTO 260


“integrated multilateral trading system” WTO 12, SCM 6902

“security and predictability”: see security and predictability of WTO obligations (DSU 3.2)

“to protect and preserve the environment” WTO 13

registration (WTO XVI:6) WTO 304

reservations (WTO XVI:5) WTO 296303

as single undertaking (WTO II:2) WTO 1826

coexistence WTO 256

common context WTO 234

withdrawal (WTO XV) WTO 271


WTO cooperation with other governmental organizations (WTO V:1)


International Plant Convention Secretariat SPS 2

ITU WTO 162, GATS 221

TRIPS 68 WTO 165

WIPO Copyright Agreement (1996): see WIPO Copyright Agreement (1996)

World Bank : see exchange arrangements (IMF/WTO) (GATT XV); World Bank/WTO relationship (WTO III:5)

World Organization for Animal Health (previously Office International des Epizooties (OIE)) WTO 162, SPS 2, 11516


WTO documents, General Council Decisions on circulation and derestriction

18 July 1996, abrogation WTO 29

14 May 2002 WTO 29

1 June 2006 (Derestriction of Official GATT 1947 Documents) WTO 30

transmission to bodies established under the Plurilateral Trade Agreements for consideration and action, Circulation and Derestriction of Documents of Government Procurement Committee GPA 27


WTO Law Advisory Centre DSU 1357 n. 2139