TRIPS [ trade-related aspects of intellectual property
on the WTO website.
Information on intellectual property in the WTO, news and official records of the activities of the TRIPS Council, and details of the WTOs work with other international organizations in the field:
ON THIS PAGE
Intellectual property rights and the TRIPS Agreement
Specific TRIPS issues
Current issues overview; health; geographical indications; biodiversity; climate change; non-violation; technology transfer; least developed countries
TRIPS work in the WTO
History: Uruguay Round documents
Cooperation with intergovernmental organizations
THIS PAGE’S SHORT URL:
TRIPS and public health notifications
TRIPS news back to top
News about the TRIPS Council and intellectual property in the WTO, prepared for non-specialists.
> Follow specific TRIPS issues, e.g: TRIPS and health; geographical indications; protection for plants and animals, traditional knowledge and biodiversity; etc. See below.
Intellectual property rights and the TRIPS Agreement back to top
are intellectual property rights?
Intellectual property rights are the rights given to people over the creations of their minds.
introduction to the WTOs intellectual
property (TRIPS) agreement
From Understanding the WTO, an introduction to the WTO, written for non-specialists.
Economics of intellectual property — primers
A series of informal guides to support technical assistance on economic concepts and analysis for policy issues related to intellectual property and trade
(1) Relevant concepts (pdf). (2) (Coming soon)
more detailed overview of the TRIPS Agreement
The TRIPS Agreement ... is to date the most comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property ...
text of the TRIPS Agreement
Browse or download from the legal texts gateway.
The TRIPS Agreement is Annex 1C of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization.
Find decisions of WTO bodies concerning the TRIPS Agreement in the Analytical Index — Guide to WTO Law and Practice
questions on TRIPS
Check to see if the answers to your questions are in one of these.
Specific TRIPS issues back to top
News and explanations of some current TRIPS issues.
TRIPS and public health
- Gateway page:
Intellectual property and public health,
including news, and explanations
- Dedicated notifications page: Dedicated webpage on the decision of 30 August 2003, with details of notifications
Least developed countries’
An overview of the process of identifying and responding to least developed countries’ needs, with links to working materials, updates and tools for coordinating the work.
TRIPS work in the WTO back to top
of the TRIPS Council
The TRIPS Council administers the TRIPS Agreement. It consists of all WTO members.
Follow the link above to search for minutes of the council’s meetings, its reports to the WTO General Council, and other TRIPS Council documents.
TRIPS Council “special sessions”
These are for negotiations on a multilateral system for notifying and registering geographical indications for wines and spirits, under the Doha Development Agenda.
Follow the link above to search for minutes of the meetings, reports and other documents from the negotiations.
members’ transparency toolkit
Members share information on their intellectual property laws, regulations and practices through notifications submitted to the TRIPS Council. The toolkit includes procedures for sharing information, and other aids for members’ transparency work.
Review of members’ implementing legislation
Members have to notify the TRIPS Council about their relevant laws and regulations. This helps the Council review the agreement’s operation.
cooperation in the TRIPS area
In particular, developed countries commitments under the TRIPS Agreement on technical cooperation, and the work of the TRIPS Council in this area.
Disputes back to top
citing the TRIPS Agreement
Disputes arising from the obligations under the TRIPS Agreement are subject to the WTOs dispute settlement procedures.
History: derestricted Uruguay Round negotiating documents on TRIPS back to top
On 15 May 2006, the General Council decided to make public all official documents issued under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). This includes all official documents on TRIPS and other areas of the Uruguay Round negotiations. Information on how to access these documents can be found here.
As an alternative for TRIPS scholars, posted here in response to numerous requests, are the official documents on the subject from the 1986–94 Uruguay Round trade talks. They give scholars a picture of how the TRIPS Agreement came about. The documents include reports of meetings, other materials compiled by the GATT Secretariat, and communications from participants in the negotiations.
You can download the English documents bundled together in zip files:
Events back to top
The WTO, often collaborating with other international organizations, regularly holds symposiums, training sessions and other events on intellectual property, trade and other related subjects. Details of events are here.
- WHO-WIPO-WTO joint technical symposiums
> Latest: Workshop takes a holistic view at trade and public health
25 October 2016
- WHO-WIPO-WTO joint technical symposiums
> Latest: “Public Health, Intellectual Property, and TRIPS at 20: Innovation and Access to Medicines; Learning from the Past, Illuminating the Future ”
28 October 2015
- Symposium on the TRIPS Agreement for TRIPS Council Members and Observers
> 26 February 2015
- WIPO-WTO colloquiums for teachers of intellectual property
> Latest, June 2015
> Details: background, research papers and alumni
- Other events
> None so far
> Observers in the TRIPS Council
> The Making of the TRIPS Agreement — Personal Insights from the Uruguay Round Negotiations
TRIPS Agreement: Changing the face of IP trade and policy-making
WHO-WIPO-WTO study — Promoting Access to Medical Technologies and Innovation: Intersections between public health, intellectual property and trade
2014 WIPO-WTO Colloquium Research Papers
A Handbook on the WTO TRIPS Agreement
> 20 May 2010:
Members transparency toolkit
> 25 October 2016
WHO, WIPO, WTO symposium to examine how to foster appropriate use of antibiotics, access and innovation — News item
> 28 October 2015
Trilateral Symposium on Public Health, Intellectual Property and TRIPS at 20: Innovation and Access to Medicines; Learning from the Past, Illuminating the Future — Programme and Background Material
> 27 October 2015
WHO, WIPO and WTO technical workshop on patentability criteria — Programme and Background Material
> 26 to 30 October 2015
Workshop on Trade and Public Health
> 15-26 June 2015
WIPO-WTO colloquium for teachers of intellectual property