Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X, Y, Z

The texts reproduced here do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.

balance of payments restrictions

GATT XVIII:11, Ad Note

“would thereupon produce”

removal of restrictions and recurrence of one of GATT XVIII:9 conditions, causal relationship B.1.1.1

temporal sequence B.1.1.2

GATT XVIII:11, Proviso (change in development policy), macroeconomic instruments, relevance B.1.2


DSU, applicability to disputes relating to J.2.1.4-7

special or additional rule and procedure (DSU 1.2 and Appendix 2), whether J.2.1.4

Understanding on the Balance-of-Payments Provisions of the GATT 1994, footnote 1

as aid to interpretation I.3.10.8

applicability of DSU and J.2.1.5-6

beef, AMS calculation, “constituent data and methodology”, absence A.1.2.2

bilateral settlements, covered agreement, whether B.2.1

border measures: see measures requiring conversion into ordinary customs duties (AG 4.2), “similar border measures other than ordinary customs duties” (AG 4.2, footnote 1)

burden of proof B.3.1


characterization as defence or claim to be proven for purposes of, relevance B.3.1.15, B.3.3.11

comparative difficulties of parties, relevance B.3.1.12

general rule/exception, relationship, SPS 3.1 and 3.3 B.3.1.11

panel’s obligations to specify allocation / moment of allocation B.3.1.18-19, B.3.2.22, B.3.5.0, R.4.3.15-19

in post-suspension situation B.3.5

completion of legal analysis by AB and B.3.1.17, C.4.15, C.4.25, C.4.31

cost of production (AG), measurement A.1.22.4

defences and exceptions B.3.3

Enabling Clause B.3.3.8-14

inconsistency with GATT I:1, sufficiency as basis of complaint B.3.3.13-14, E.1.1.4

party’s two-stage obligation to raise and prove B.3.3.12, B.3.3.16

GATS XIV (general exceptions) B.3.3.16

GATT XVIII:11 and Ad Note B.3.3.5

GATT XX B.3.3.1-2

measures which result in a higher level of protection than international standards (SPS 3.3) B.3.3.3

permissive provision as defence/exception B.3.3.8

rebuttal as parties’ obligation B.3.3.16, C.2.6, S.7.2.6

SCM 3.1(a) (Annex I (Illustrative List of Export Subsidies)), footnote 59, fifth sentence B.3.3.7

order of analysis O.2.3

SCM 3.1(a) (Annex I (Illustrative List of Export Subsidies)) / SCM 27 (developing countries) B.3.3.4, B.3.3.6

double taxation measures, justification S.2.38.3

DSU 21.5 proceedings and B.3.1.18-19, B.3.2.22, B.3.5.1, R.4.3.2, R.4.3.15

export subsidy: see subsidies, prohibited (SCM, Part II), “contingent upon export performance” (SCM 3.1(a)), burden of proof

implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 21) B.3.5.2

implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 21), impracticality of immediate compliance / reasonable period of time, “reasonable” period ARB.4.2.10, ARB.5.6.4, ARB.5.6.21, ARB.6

legislation as such, challenge to B.3.1.13, B.3.2.18, C.4.32-3, L.1.18

necessity test (GATS XIV(a)) B.3.3.17-19, G.4.3

necessity test (GATT XX(a)) G.3.3A.15

need for separate findings on each element of claim[s], whether B.3.1.10

need to identify where burden lies, whether B.3.1.9

onus probandi actori incumbit as general principle of evidence A.1.34.2, A.1.34.6, A.1.34.8, B.3.1.1, B.3.1.3, B.3.1.11, B.3.1.14, B.3.1.18, B.3.3.17-19, B.3.4.5, G.4.3.1, R.4.3.15

defences/exceptions and B.3.3

panel’s obligations

clarification for parties of requirements relating to burden of proof E.3.2.36

correct application of rule B.3.1.5, B.3.1.18-19, R.4.3.15

gathering and analysis of factual data S.2.19B.5.6, S.7.3.22

identification of where burden lies B.3.1.9

need to identify where burden lies, whether B.3.1.9

separate findings on each element of claim[s] B.3.1.10

specification of allocation B.3.1.18-19, B.3.5.0, R.4.3.15-19

specification of moment of determination on allocation B.3.2.22

panel’s right draw on arguments and facts adduced by respondent B.3.1.6, B.3.2.23, B.3.3.20, S.4.7

panel’s right to seek information and advice (DSU 13/SPS 11.2), relevance B.3.1.6, B.3.2.3, B.3.2.21, S.4.7, S.7.3.8

expert evidence/experts, timing of request for B.3.2.5

party’s obligation to identify relevant provisions of legislation B.3.1.16, E.3.2.5

presumption of consistency of measure with WTO obligations A.1.34.2, B.3.1.14, M.5.8

clarity/ambiguity of measure L.1.11, M.5.8

as general principle of evidence B.3.1.1, B.3.1.18-19, R.4.3.15

party’s obligation to demonstrate inconsistency in relation to each element of claim B.3.2.13

presumption of good faith compliance with DSU recommendations and rulings B.3.5.1, P.3.1.17, R.4.3.2

prima facie case B.3.1.14, B.3.2., S.1.36.3

closely related provisions (GATT II:1(b) and II:2(a)) and B.3.3.21

evidence and legal arguments in support of claim, need for B.3.2.7, B.3.2.14-17, B.3.2.20

examination of respondent’s defence and evidence, timing B.3.2.6

hypothetical claims, need to address B.3.2.9-11

panel ruling in favour of party presenting case, need for B.3.2.2, B.3.2.4, B.3.2.9

panel’s duty not to make case for complaining party B.3.1.6, B.3.1.7, B.3.2.3, B.3.3.20, R.4.3.15, S.4.7, S.4.11, S.4.20, S.7.2.14, S.7.3.8, S.7.3.48

as precondition to ruling on claim B.3.2.13, B.3.2.17, B.3.5.1, R.4.3.2

proof of fact distinguished B.3.2.8

rebuttal, complaining party’s obligation to present additional arguments and evidence B.3.3.21

rebuttal, responding party’s obligation G.4.3.1-2, S.1.36.3

refusal to provide information, relevance B.3.2.4

text of legislation, sufficiency B.3.1.13, B.3.1.18, B.3.2.12, B.3.2.18, R.4.3.15

procedures, modification W.3.3

responding party’s obligation in respect of own case B.3.1.4
reversal in case of establishment of prima facie case B.3.1.1-2, B.3.1.18, R.4.3.15

reversal in respect of circumvention of export subsidy commitments (AG 10.3) A.1.29B.1, A.1.34, A.1.34.9-11, B.3.4

AG 10.3 as special procedural provision A.1.34.3

budgetary outlay and quantity commitments distinguished A.1.34.4, A.1.34.5-7, B.3.4.2

DSU 6.2 requirements distinguished A.1.34A.1

“establish” A.1.34.6, A.1.34.9

SCM claims, applicability to A.1.34.10, A.1.38.14-15, B.3.1.20-1, B.3.4.3, B.3.4.4, S.2.39.2-8, S.2.39.10

unscheduled products, applicability to A.1.34.11, B.3.4.4

reversal in respect of presumption of nullification or impairment (DSU 3.8) N.3.2-3

review of continuing need for countervailing duties (SCM 21.2) S.2.31.1-2

SPS measures B.3.3.3, S.6.6.3, S.6.7.1-3

standard of proof B.3.2.1-2, B.3.2.9-10, B.3.2.18

conflicting outcomes with similar probabilities B.3.1.20-1, S.2.39.10

“evidence which further convinced [the Panel]” B.3.1.20, S.2.39.10

substitution of AB’s assessment, exclusion S.7.3.11A, S.7.3.19

unforeseen developments, safeguard measures (GATT XIX:1(a)) S.1.22.3

wording of measure in absence of evidence S.7.2A.7

business confidential information: see confidentiality of proceedings (DSU 17.10/DSU 18.2)


Abbreviations used on this page