Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X, Y, Z

The texts reproduced here do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.

mandate of arbitrator under DSU 21.3(c): see implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 21)

mandatory/discretionary legislation: see legislation as such, right to challenge, mandatory/discretionary legislation, whether distinguishable

margin of dumping: see dumping/margin of dumping, definition/constituent elements (AD 2.1/GATT VI:1); imposition and collection of anti-dumping duties (AD 9), margin of dumping (AD 2) as ceiling (AD 9.3)

market access commitments (GATS XVI) G.1.3

inclusion of commitment to allow market access, chapeau G.1.3.3

measures not to be maintained unless otherwise specified in Schedule (GATS XVI:2) G.

exhaustive list of restrictions covered by GATS XVI:1 G.1.3.2

limitations on number of service suppliers (GATS XVI:2(a)) G.1.3.4

article to be read as a whole G.

at or above zero G., G., T.1.2.8

exclusive service suppliers (GATS VIII:5) and G.

“form” G.

“monopoly supplier of a service” (GATS XXVIII(h)) and G.

object and purpose of GATS and G.

as quantitative limitation G.

limitations on total number of service operations (GATS XVI:2(c)) G.1.3.5

grammatical structure G.

as quantitative limitation G.

text/plain language G.

limitations on total value of service transactions (GATS XVI:2(b)) G.

bound rates at or above zero G.

measures directed at consumers G.

modes of supply as defined in GATS I G.

“no less favourable treatment” obligation (GATS XVI:1), under terms provided for in Schedule G.

variety of permissible of forms G.

market access concessions and commitments (AG 4.1)

consistency with GATT XIII A.1.8.2-3, A.1.37.2, A.1.38.9

dispute settlement A.1.37.2

fundamental nature A.1.8.1

“market access” A.1.7

marketing costs: see costs of marketing exports (AG 9.1(d))

material injury: see determination of injury (AD 3/SCM 15); transitional safeguards (ATC 6)

“matter referred to the DSB” (AD 17.4/DSU 7.1) A.3.56, R.2.1.4, T.6.1.5-6

see also legal basis of claim (AD 17); legislation as such, right to challenge; request for establishment of panel, requirements (DSU 6.2); “specific measure at issue” (AD 17.4/DSU 6.2), identification as part of the matter referred to the DSB, need for (AD 17.4/DSU 7.1)

equivalence of meaning in AD 17.4 and DSU 7.1 T.6.1.4-6

identification of specific issues and legal basis of claim/complaint as dual requirements (DSU 6.2) R.2.1.3, R.2.1.6, R.2.1.13, S.7.2A.1-2, T.2.6.1, T.6.1.2, T.6.1.5-6, T.6.1.9, W. 

“specific measure at issue” and legal basis of claim distinguished A.3.56.2, R.2.1.3, R.2.1.13, R.2.3.22, T.6.1.6, T.6.1.9, T.6.1.17, T.6.3.13 

“measure at issue” (DSU 6.2) as C.1.1, J.2.1.2, R.2.1.1, T.6.1.2, W. 

terms of reference (DSU 7) as determining factor C.1.4, R.2.2.3, T.6.2.3

measures requiring conversion into ordinary customs duties (AG 4.2)

 “any measures of the kind” (AG 4.2 and footnote 1) A.1.10

“converted into” A.1.10.3, A.1.10.5

“include” (AG 4.2, footnote 1) A.1.10.2

customs duties as preferred form of border protection A.1.7.1

failure to convert by due date, effect A.1.9.1

minimum import price (AG 4.2, footnote 1) A.1.11

lower band threshold, relevance A.1.11.1-4

variable import levies distinguished A.1.11.1, A.1.11.4

“ordinary customs duties” (AG 4.2) A.1.10.4, A.1.13.1

similar border measures other than ordinary customs duties” (AG 4.2, footnote 1) A.1.12

“other than ordinary customs duties” A.1.12.3-5

separate analysis, relevance A.1.12.5

“similar” A.1.12.1-4, A.1.12.6

special safeguard provisions (AG 5) and: see special safeguards (AG 5)

tariff binding, relevance A.1.13.3

time-limit for conversion A.1.9.1

“which have been required to be” (AG 4.2) A.1.9.1, A.1.10.5

MFN treatment (GATS II) M.2.2

determination of violation, requirements

aims and effects test, GATT III:1 distinguished M.2.2.2

comparison with like services M.2.2.3

measure covered by GATS M.2.2.3

“treatment no less favourable” (GATS II:1) M.2.2.1

de facto discrimination M.2.2.1

GATS XVII (national treatment) distinguished M.2.2.1

MFN treatment (GATT I) M.2.1

“advantage” (GATT I:1) M.2.1.1-3

de facto discrimination M.2.1.1-3

as finding of fact S.3.3.2

object and purpose M.2.1.4-5

MFN treatment (TRIPS 4), differential treatment as discrimination M.2.3.1

minimum import price (AG 4.2, footnote 1): see measures requiring conversion into ordinary customs duties (AG 4.2), minimum import price (AG 4.2, footnote 1)

Modalities Paper, as preparatory work (VCLT 32) A.1.37.2, A.1.37A, T.1.2.13

modification of Schedules (GATT XXVIII) T.1.5

mootness of panel findings M.3

judicial economy and C.4.33, M.3.1, M.3.3, M.3.4-6, M.3.11

ultra vires statements M.3.2

multiple appeals (AB/WP 23), joinder S.3.1.1, W.2.8

multiple complainants (DSU 9) M.4

harmonization of panels and timetables (DSU 9.3)

“harmonized” M.4.4

joint meeting with experts M.4.1-2

“to the greatest extent possible” M.4.4

participation in panel proceedings initiated by another complainant M.4.3

procedure, panel’s discretion P.1.3.2

separate panel reports, right to (DSU 9.2) P.1.3

municipal law M.5

see also burden of proof, presumption of consistency of measure with WTO obligations as applicable law, determination of serious injury or threat (SG 4) M.5.6, S.1.4.1, S.1.20.1-2

compliance with WTO/international obligations and M.5.1, M.5.16-17, M.5.19

Certain German Interests in Polish Upper Silesia M.5.1

determination of compliance and interpretation of legislation distinguished M.5.1, M.5.3-4, M.5.11, M.5.19

panel’s assessment as legal characterization / as matter for appellate review M.5.5, M.5.17, M.5.19

contractual obligations under, relevance to compliance with WTO obligations S.2.19.3

defence to breach of international law, whether M.5.2

as evidence of, State practice M.5.1

incorporation of international SPS standard S.6.7.2

interpretation M.5.11-14

classification as issue of law or fact M.5.17

text of legislation, sufficiency M.5.14-15

mutually agreed solutions M.6

requirements (including “fruitfulness”) M.6.1, R.5.9

tempy orarsuspension of concessions (DSU 22.8) and M.6.1, R.5.9

waiver of right to Article 21.5 compliance proceedings, whether M.6.1, R.5.9

mutually agreed solutions (DSU 3.7), see also standing/right to bring claim (DSU 3.7)


Abbreviations used on this page