Index:  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X, Y, Z

The texts reproduced here do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.

Illustrative List of Export Subsidies (SCM Annex I): see subsidies, prohibited (SCM, Part II), Illustrative List of Export Subsidies (SCM Annex I)

implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 21)

see also remedies for actionable subsidies (SCM 7); review of implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 21.5)

choice of means at Member’s discretion G.3.3A.17, I.0.5, R.4.1.25, R.4.1.33, ARB.1.1-3, ARB.1.11-13, ARB.1.15-19, ARB.3.1.4-6, ARB.3.2.1, ARB.5.6

collection of information post DSB ruling on original sunset review determination (AD 11.3) R.4.1.25

judicial action ARB.5.6.27

legislative/administrative action R.4.1.26-30, ARB.5.6.15-17, ARB.5.6.23-4, ARB.5.13.4-5

notification of intentions R.4.1.33

withdrawal or modification options ARB.1.18-19, ARB.3.1.3, ARB.3.1.6

withdrawal of WTO-inconsistent measure as first objective ARB.1.19, ARB.3.1.1-2, ARB.3.1.5-6

consistency with WTO obligations, responsibility for determining ARB.1.1-19

developing countries and (DSU 21.2)

consultation with, relevance of need for ARB.5.10.10

economic and social conditions, relevance ARB.2.7

Member other than implementing Member, applicability to ARB.5.10.8-9, ARB.5.10.11-12

“particular circumstance” (DSU 21.3(c)), whether ARB.5.10.8-9

shortest period possible within Member’s normal legislative process ARB.5.10.6

developing countries and (DSU 21.7 and DSU 27.8) ARB.5.10.8, ARB.5.10.11

good faith obligation ARB.5.4.9, ARB.5.6.18

presumption of compliance, whether P.3.1.17

mandate of arbitrator, limitation to determination of reasonable period of time for implementation (DSU 21.3(c)) ARB.1, ARB.5.3.3, ARB.5.6.7, ARB.5.6.15-17, ARB.5.6.25, ARB.6.4

prompt compliance (DSU 21.1) R.4.3.4, ARB.2

actions taken since DSB adoption of report, relevance ARB.5.2

discretion and ARB.2.5-6

as key consideration ARB.4.3.13

“reasonable time”, developing countries and (DSU 21.2) ARB.5.10

statements made at DSB meetings, legal status R.0.6-7, R.4.1.31

sunset review (AD 11.3), effect of breach A.3.45.3, A.3.45.5-6

surveillance obligation (DSU 21.6/DSU 22.8)

potential impediments R.0.6

substantive compliance requirement (DSU 22.8) S.9.4

suspension of concessions and (DSU 22.8) R.0.6, S.9.4, S.9.9

implementation of DSB recommendations and rulings (DSU 21), impracticality of immediate compliance / reasonable period of time (DSU 21.3, chapeau) ARB.2.8-9, ARB.3.1.1, ARB.4

compensation as temporary measure (DSU 3.7/DSU 22.4) ARB.3.1.2

domestic judicial proceedings, relevance A.3.40C.1-2, A.3.53B.1-2, M.5.18, R.4.0.12-13

“reasonable period”

15-month guideline (DSU 21.3(c)) ARB.4.2, ARB.5.1.2-3

administrative measures as means of implementation, relevance ARB.5.5.8-9, ARB.5.6.1-3, ARB.5.13.5

administrative review determination issued after end of reasonable period, effect R.4.3.22-5

burden of proof ARB.4.2.10, ARB.5.6.4, ARB.5.6.21, ARB.6

complexity of implementation process ARB.5.4, ARB.5.4.11-12, ARB.5.6.8, ARB.5.6.10-14

complexity of implementing measures ARB.5.3, ARB.5.5.2

“complexity” as legal criterion ARB.5.5.10

contentiousness, relevance ARB.5.5

dependence on decision of organ outside WTO Member’s own legal system, relevance ARB.4.1.8, ARB.5.6.22, ARB.5.6.27

DSU 21.5 compliance proceedings, dependence on elapse of R.4.0.6

economic harm likely to accrue to nationals of other Members, relevance ARB.5.9

economic and social conditions, relevance ARB.2.7, ARB.5.8

EU procedures and ARB.5.4.11-12, ARB.5.5.11, ARB.5.6.11-12, ARB.5.6.18-24, ARB.5.12.4

failure to rectify WTO-inconsistent measures within, effect on DSU 21.5 compliance proceedings R.4.0.9-13

flexibility of legislative process, obligation to use ARB.2.10, ARB.4.1.7, ARB.4.3.12, ARB.4.3.14-16, ARB.5.6.20, ARB.5.12

legislative action on other measures, relevance ARB.5.13

legislative schedule, relevance ARB.5.11

measure taken to comply, finding of inconsistency with WTO obligations and R.4.1.28

modification by DSU 21.5 compliance panel, exclusion R.4.0.8 

multiple periods, possibility of ARB.4.4.1

“reasonableness” as key consideration ARB.4.3.12

relevant factors ARB.1.15-17

shortest period possible within Member’s normal legislative process ARB.4.1.7, ARB.4.3, ARB.5.1.5-9, ARB.5.6.19-22, ARB.5.7.2, ARB.5.9.2, ARB.5.10.5, ARB.6.5

structural adjustment, relevance of need for ARB.5.7

“time shorter or longer, depending on the particular circumstances” (DSU 21.3(c)) ARB.4.1.5, ARB.4.1.7-8, ARB.4.3.13, ARB.5, ARB.5.1, ARB.5.6.27

previous relevant disputes ARB.5.14

time to conduct studies, exclusion ARB.2.2-3, ARB.5.4.3

implementation of panel/AB recommendations, right of panel/AB to make suggestions for (DSU 19.1) I.0, R.4.1.25

in absence of violation of WTO obligations I.0.4

discretionary nature of right I.0.6-10, I.0.2-3, P.1.1.8, S.7.1.12

compliance with suggestion, relevance I.0.9

concluding explanations distinguished I.0.8

legal status / binding effect of suggestions I.0.9

expired measures, applicability to I.0.5, I.0.1, P., R.2.3.24, T.6.3.15-16, T.6.3.17

SCM 7.8 and I.0.1, S.2.19C.1

see also remedies for actionable subsidies (SCM 7)

Import Licensing Agreement: see Licensing Agreement

imposition and collection of anti-dumping duties (AD 9)

assessment of anti-dumping duty (AD 9.3)

determination of liability of specific importer on basis of transactions from relevant exporter A.3.40B.7, A.3.40B.9

fair comparison (AD 2.4), applicability A.3.12

calculation of “all other” anti-dumping duty rate (AD 9.4) A.3.41

avoidance of prejudice to non-investigated exporters, failure to address A.3.43.2-3

calculation of volume of dumped imports (AD 3), relevance A.3.44

comparison of all comparable transactions (AD 2.4), need for A.3.42.1

as exception to AD 9.3 A.3.44.2

margins established under circumstances referred to in AD 6.8, exclusion A.3.41.1, A.3.42

method, absence of provision / neutrality A.3.41.1, A.3.41A.3

prospective normal value system (AD 9.4(ii)) A.3.41A

definition A.3.41A.1

sunset review (AD 11.3), applicability to A.3.40.1

weighted average margin of dumping established with respect to investigated exporters as ceiling (AD 9.4(i)) A.3.41.1

zeroing / de minimis margins, exclusion A.3.14.10, A.3.28A.5, A.3.40A.10, A.3.40A.12, A.3.41.1, A.3.49.4, A.3.65.18, A.3.65.20

“duty” (AD 9/SCM 10), bond, whether A.3.39.4, S.2.26.2

“in respect of any product” (AD 9.2) A.3.40.1

see also dumping, definition/constituent elements (AD 2.1/GATT VI:1)

sunset review (AD 11.3), applicability to A.3.40.1

margin of dumping (AD 2) as ceiling (AD 9.3) A.3.40A, A.3.40B, A.3.65.13-15

methodology, freedom of choice A.3.40A.5-6, A.3.65.14

nature and purpose of proceedings test and A.3.40A.4, A.3.65.14

“product as a whole” A.3.40A.2

“may levy” (GATT VI:2)

critical date A.3.16.4

as limitation to Member’s choice whether or not to impose anti-dumping duty A.3.65.2

new shipper reviews (AD 9.5) A.3.44A

zeroing and A.3.44A.3

prior determination of dumping margins, injury and causal link (AD 2 and 3), need for (AD 9.1) A.3.39

retrospective/prospective assessment (AD 9.3.1 and AD 9.3.2) A.3.40B

prospective assessment (AD 9.3.2) A.3.40A.1, A.3.40B.2-4

retrospective assessment (AD 9.3.1) A.3.40A.1, A.3.40A.10, A.3.40B.4-5, A.3.40B.7

footnote 20 to AD 9.3.1 (observance of time-limits) A.3.40C

security (bond or cash deposit) (GATT VI:2 and VI:3: Ad Note) A.3.66.1-2

totality of transactions over period of investigation as basis A.3.40B.6

security (bond or cash deposit) (GATT VI:2 and VI:3: Ad Note)

as ancillary to principal obligation A.3.61.15

“pending final determination of the facts” A.3.66

retrospective duty assessment and A.3.66.1-2

“reasonable security” A.3.66A

likelihood vs. possibility test A.3.66A.2

two-step approach A.3.66A.2-3

specific action against dumping (AD 18.1) or subsidy (SCM 32.1) , whether A.3.61.15, A.1.66A.1

WTO-consistency, criteria J.30.39.3

income tax, marketing cost, whether A.1.29.1

inferences from party’s refusal to provide information, panel’s right to draw I.1

obligation to respond promptly to panel’s requests for information and (DSU 13.1) I.1.1, S.4.9-10

panel’s discretion and I.1.1, I.1.4, I.1.6

panel’s obligation to make objective assessment of facts (DSU 11) and I.1.3

failure to draw inferences as error of law I.1.5-6

refusal to provide information as a “fact” I.1.5-6

information or technical advice, panel’s right to seek (DSU 13)

see also amicus curiae briefs; International Monetary Fund (IMF) / WTO relationship; standard of review (panels) (DSU 11)

burden of proof and B.3.1.6, B.3.2.3, B.3.2.4, B.3.2.21, S.4.7, S.7.3.8

expert evidence (DSU 13.2) S.7.3.7

“from any relevant source” S.4.3, S.4.7, S.4.12, S.4.13, S.4.20, S.7.3.7, S.7.3.15

individual advice, right to seek S.4.1-2

opinion based on data available at time of determination E.3.1.4

timing of request for in relation to establishment of prima facie case B.3.2.5

obligation to respond fully and promptly (DSU 13.1) I.1.1, S.4.8, S.4.9, S.4.11

panel’s rights

not to seek A.2.1.3, E.3.1.3, S.4.3-5, S.4.12-14, S.4.20, S.7.3.3, S.7.3.15

to accept or reject requested information or advice A.2.1.3, A.2.1.5, E.3.1.3, S.4.4-5

to accept or reject unrequested information or advice S.4.5

to establish group of experts S.4.1, W.3.2

to evaluate information or advice A.2.1.3, E.3.1.3, S.4.17

to evaluate source of information or advice A.2.1.3, E.3.1.3

to make ad hoc rules S.4.2, W.3.2

parties’ comments on information provided S.4.19

rectification of failure to meet requirements for establishment of panel and (DSU 6.2) C.7.1

refusal to provide, panel’s right to draw inferences I.1

see also inferences from party’s refusal to provide information, panel’s right to draw

prompt and satisfactory resolution of disputes, Members’ right to (DSU 3), effect on I.1


information or technical advice, panel’s right to seek (SPS 11.2)

burden of proof and B.3.1.6, B.3.2.3, S.4.7, S.7.3.8

panel’s obligation to seek (SPS 11.2) S.4.6, S.4.17

panel’s right to establish group of experts S.4.1

injury: see determination of injury (AD 3/SCM 15) ; determination of injury (SCM 15); determination of serious injury or threat thereof (SG 4), requirements; safeguard measures (SG/GATT XIX), conditions (SG 2); sunset review (AD 11.3), “likelihood” test, continuance or recurrence of injury; transitional safeguards (ATC 6), serious damage or actual threat thereof (ATC 6(2)), Member’s determination of

International Monetary Fund (IMF) / WTO relationship I.2

 consultations, requirement for (GATT XV:2) I.2.2

 obligation on part of WTO to accept IMF’s determinations, whether I.2.3

exchange measures outside IMF’s jurisdiction, provision of information on request I.2.2

panel’s obligation to make independent assessment I.2.3

exchange measures within IMF’s jurisdiction, Fund’s duty to inform of consistency in cases involving (IMF-WTO Agreement, para. 8) I.2.2, S.4.3

GATT VIII obligations and I.2.1

panel’s obligation to examine views critically S.7.3.10

interpretation of covered agreements

AB role W.2.3.4

absence of provision, relevance A.1.18.3, A.1.18.4, A.1.37.2, A.2.1.7, I.3.3.1-3, S.2.16.1, S.2.21.2

accession protocols A.0.1

applicable law

customary rules of interpretation of public international law [as codified in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969)] A.1.4A.1, G., G., I.3.1, I.3.5.2, I.3.7.1, P.3.4.5

AD 17.6(ii) A.7.40A.6, A.3.60.2, A.3.60.4-5, A.3.60.7, A.3.60.10-11, A.3.65.15

defences and exceptions B.3.3.11

DSU 3.2 A.3.60.2, B.3.1.15, B.3.3.11

GATT VI:2/AD 9.3 A.3.65.20

GATT XX G.3.2.1, N.1.12.1

SPS P.3.5.1

Schedules of Concessions: see Schedules of Concessions (GATT II), interpretation and clarification, applicable law; Schedules of Specific Commitments (GATS XX), interpretation, applicable law

changes of meaning over time G. n.705 , G., G.3.7.2

circumstances of conclusion of treaty (VCLT 32)

constructive knowledge of event, act or instrument I.3.10.22

EC customs classification practice, whether I.3.10.24-5

relevance vs. direct link / direct influence requirement I.3.10.19-20

temporal correlation between “circumstance” and conclusion of treaty I.3.10.21

conformity with other articles A.1.14.3, C.2.4

context (VCLT 31(2)) I.3.1.4, I.3.2.4-6, I.3.3, N.1.4.1, S.2.41.1, S.2.42.1

AG 2/SCM Agreement Illustrative List A.1.34.10

any agreement made between the parties (VCLT 31(2)(a)) or accepted by parties (VCLT 31(2)(b)) G.

Central Product Classification (CPC) and Services Sectoral Classification List (W/120), whether G., I.3.3.4-5

Harmonized System of Customs Classification H.1.1-4, H.1.8-11, I.3.3.6-8, N., T.1.2.2, T.1.2.14-15

pertinence of language being interpreted I.3.3.8

article as a whole A.1.34D.2.6, G.

different elements of “context” leading to different conclusions G., I.3.3.9

DSU 17.10/DSU 18.2 C.6.4

GATT II:1(b)/GATT II:2(a) A.3.64.3, B.3.3.21, T.1.1.5, T.1.1.7-9

GATT II/GATT III, interrelationship N.1.1A.1, T.1.1A

GATT III:1/GATT III as a whole N.1.1.2-4

GATT VI/AD, interrelationship A.3.64, A.3.65

GATT VI/SCM Agreement, interrelationship S.2.41

instrument made by one or more parties in connection with the conclusion of the treaty (VCLT 31(2)(b)), EC implementing regulation I.3.10.27

legislative act between conclusion of negotiations and formal adoption of treaty I.3.10.27

surrounding language A.1.14.3, A.3.36.1, S.2.25A.5

treaty/treaties as a whole A.1.34C.5.1, I.3.7.7, S.2.9.7, S.2.41.3, S.6.14.2, S.6.17.1, S.6.17.2, S.6.20.1, T.7.1.1, ARB.5.10.1

dictionaries A.1.2.12-13, A.1.16.1, A.1.17.1-2, E.1.2.1, G., G., I.3.2.7-8, I.3.2.9-10, N., S.1.48.1, S.2.19B.1.3

differences between provisions of same agreement leading to the same results I.3.7.11

effectiveness principle (ut res magis valeat quam pereat / effet utile) A.1.14.4, A.3.60.9, G.3.2.1, G.3.10.1, I.3.7, N.1.1.2, N.1.12.1, S.6.1.4

meaning to be attributed to every word and phrase A.1.10.1, A.1.24.1, A.1.27.4, A.1.38.10, A.3.60.10, I.3.7.4-9, I.3.7.10, P.2.3.1, S.1.44.1, T.1.3.5

multiple authentic languages (VCLT 33), presumption of same meaning (VCLT 33(3)) I.3.11.3

“eligible” A.1.35.1

flexibility/certainty of the law, balance (DSU 3.2) I.3.1.2

footnotes to treaty A.3.15A.1, A.3.61.14, S.2.25A.2, S.2.36.9, S.6.8.4

“for the purpose of this agreement” (AD 2.1) / applicability of AD 2.1 definition throughout

Agreement A.3.1A.1, A.3.1A.5, A.3.8.1-4, A.3.39.2, A.3.40A.9, A.3.49.0, A.3.49.1

GATT acquis A.3.55.3, A.3.62.2, A.3.62.5, J.2.1.9, L.1.1, M.1.1-2

grammar, respect for A.1.9.1, A.3.39.1, G.

as holistic exercise A.1.2.12, A.3.1A.5, A.3.60.9-11, G., I.3.1.6
in dubio mitius principle I.3.5, I.3.8, N.3.1, S.6.6.2

definition I.3.8.1

panel reports and S.8.1, S.8.2

as supplementary means of interpretation I.3.8.1

tariff concessions in Member’s schedule and I.3.5.4, T.1.2.1, T.1.2.6

unilateral nature of I.3.5.4, T.1.2.1

legislative history (domestic) I.3.4

ambiguity, relevance in absence of I.3.4.2

conclusiveness I.3.4.2

legitimate expectations, relevance, specific language, need for I.3.5.2-4

Lom´e Convention L.3

Members’ practice in notifying export credit guarantee programmes, relevance I.3.9.5

multiple authentic languages N.

see also interpretation of covered agreements, multiple authentic languages (VCLT 33)

non-authentic text, relevance G., I.3.2.10

multiple authentic languages (VCLT 33) I.3.11, N.

effectiveness principle and I.3.11.3

meaning which best reconciles texts (VCLT 33(4)) I.3.11.1

presumption of same meaning (VCLT 33(3)) I.3.11.2-3, I.3.11.5, S.2.19B.3.1

“stronger” language in two of three authentic languages, preference for I.3.11.4

multiple meanings A.1.2.10-11, G.

multiple permissible interpretations A.3.58.5, A.3.60

benefit of doubt to challenged measure A.3.60.1

compliance with one permissible interpretation, sufficiency A.3.60.2

limits W.2.3.4

“permissible” A.3.60.2, A.3.60.5-6

narrow/broad interpretation A.3.43.1, D.1.3, M.1.9, N., N.1.10.2, R.6.19.1, S.2.1.3, S.6.3.6

waivers W.1.3

natural meaning: see ordinary meaning below

object and purpose A.1.29B.1, D.1.4, D.1.6, E.1.2.4-6, G., G.3.7.3, I.3.1.4, I.3.2.5-6, M.2.1.4, N.1.6.2, N.1.6.4, N., P.1.3.1, P., R.1.1.1, R.2.3.6, S.2.1.1, S.2.42.1, W.2.1.1-2

absence of provision / Preamble A.3.0.1

consistency with object and purpose of article as a whole A.1.33A.4

consistency with object and purpose of treaty as a whole I.3.6.2

preamble as evidence of A.1.5A.2, S.2.1.1, W.4.1.1

ordinary meaning I.3.1.4, I.3.2.8, I.3.7.3

see also text/plain language below

“affecting” C.7.12, G.1.1.1

“as is” P.2.2.2

“at issue” R.2.3.14, T.6.3.10

“characteristics” T.4.1.1

“concessions” T.1.3.1, T.1.3.2

“conforms with” S.1.44.2, S.1.44.4

“consider” I.3.9A.1

“contingent” S.2.12.8, S.2.16.1

“determine” A.3.47.3

“directly competitive or substitutable” D.1.2, D.1.10, N.1.6.1, T.7.4.1

“discriminate” D.1.2.2, E.1.2.2-3, S.7A.1-2

“emergency action” S.1.45.1

“establishment” A.3.59.1

“generalized” E.1.2.4

“implies a certain urgency” S.1.40.2

“in accordance with” A.1.2.1

“investigation” S.1.19.1

“is being imported” S.1.8.2

“known exporter or producer” A.

“make available” T.9.10.4

“market” S.2.19B.1.3-4

Subject Index 1299

“method” S.2.22.7

“modify” T.1.5.1

“objective” A.3.59.2

“of any kind” A.1.10.1

“ordinary customs duty” J.3.11.1

“owner” T.9.5.1

“payments” A.1.15.1, A.1.17.2

“potential” S.6.9.4, S.6.12.6

“price suppression” J.3.11.5

“probability” S.6.9.4

“proceedings” C.6.1

“proper” A.3.59.1

“related to” A.1.34D.2.4

“result” S.1.48.1

“salted” J.3.2.12

“should not exceed” ARB.4.2.1

“sound recording distribution services” G., J.3.2.13, J.3.10.30, J.3.10.32

“specific” A.1.34C.2.3

“specific action against dumping” A.3.61.1, A.3.61.5

“sporting” G., I.3.2.10

“subject to” T.1.1.3

“substantially” R.1.5.1

“such measures” A.1.34C.2.4

“suppress” / “suppression” O.2.9, S.2.19B.3.1, S.2.19B.4.1-2

“taking a decision” S.1.40.3

“terms and conditions” T.1.1.3

“threaten” A.1.32A.1, A.1.32A.3, M.1.10

“tied to” S.2.12.2A

“treatment no less favourable” S.2.16.1

“unbiased” A.3.59.2

“variable” A.1.13.1

“withdraw” S.2.19.1

parties’ intentions (VCLT 31(1))

common intention I.3.5.4, I.3.6.2, I.3.9.8, I.3.10.4-5, I.3.10.32, T.1.2.1, T.1.2.10

Members’ Schedules, whether I.3.9.8, I.3.10.13

preamble as evidence of G.3.7.3, I.3.6.1

as rule of customary international law A.1.2.12

supplementary means (VCLT 32) I.3.10.18-19

plain and ordinary meaning: see ordinary meaning above; text/plain language below

preamble of agreement under consideration L.2.1-2, P.3.5.1, S.6.5.3, S.6.8.2

as evidence of intention of parties G.3.7.3, I.3.6.1

as evidence of object and purpose S.2.1.1

preamble (WTO) E.1.5.1, G.3.7.3, I.3.6

preamble/chapeau of article under discussion A.1.34C.2.5-6, A.1.38.8, G.1.3.3., G.4.5.1-4, R.0.1

preparatory work (VCLT 32)

Agreement on Agriculture (AG) / Modalities Paper A.1.33A.7, A.1.37.2, I.3.10.12

EC customs classification practice I.3.10.3-5, I.3.10.6, I.3.10.23-4, T.1.2.3-5

Enabling Clause E.1.2.4

evidence to support claim, need for I.3.10.11

GATS G., G., G., I.3.10.14

Modalities Paper as A.1.37.2, A.1.37A, T.1.2.13

negotiating proposals, relevance I.3.12.1

panel’s obligation to explain use of document as I.3.10.17

record of negotiations, need for I.3.10.8

SCM Agreement S.2.3.1 n. 35

Understanding on the Balance-of-Payments Provisions of the GATT 1994, footnote 1 I.3.10.8

presumption of consistency (SPS 3.2) S.6.6.1, S.6.6.3

same or closely related phrases in different agreements A.1.4.1, A.1.32A.2, A.3.63.3, B.3.1.11, G.3.1.1-2, I.3.3.1-2, L.2.4, M.2.2.1, N., N., N.1.10.2, N.1.14.1, S.2.16.1, S.2.32.2

AG 1(e)/SCM 3.1(a): see subsidies, prohibited (SCM, Part II), “contingent upon export performance” (SCM 3.1(a))

context, relevance S.2.19B.5.3

cross-referencing, role A.3.49.1, I.3.3.2, S.2.21.2, S.2.32.2



same or closely related phrases in same agreement A.1.5A.1, A.1.34D.3.1-2, A.3.8, A.3.62.2, A.3.9A.1, S., S.1.14.1, S.2.19B.3

GATS I:3(b)/GATS XXVIII(b) G.1.1.1



SCM 1.1(a)(ii)/SCM 3.1(a) A.1.3.3

SCM 6.3/SCM 15.5 S.2.25A.5

structure of agreement G.1.1.9, G., G.

subsequent agreement between the parties regarding the interpretation or application of the treaty (VCLT 31(3)(a))

“application” I.3.9A.2

as authentic element of interpretation (ILC commentary) I.3.9A.2

interpretation by Ministerial Conference and General Council (WTO IX.2) as I.3.9A

amendment of covered agreement distinguished I.3.9A.1

waiver allowing temporary departure from WTO obligations distinguished I.3.9A.1-2, I.3.10.29, W.1.5

subsequent practice which establishes parties’ agreement on interpretation (VCLT 31(3)(b)) I.3.9

agreement, need for G., I.3.9.6

common practice, need for G., I.3.9.1, I.3.9.3-4, I.3.9.7-11, T.1.2.10-11

2001 GATS Guidelines, whether G., I.3.9.6

consistency of practice, need for G., I.3.9.1, I.3.9.3

EC customs classification practice, whether I.3.10.24-5

panel reports, whether I.3.9.2, S.8.1

supplementary means (VCLT 32) I.3.8.1, I.3.10

see also circumstances of conclusion of treaty (VCLT 32) and preparatory work (VCLT 32) above

in case of ambiguity (VCLT 32(a)) G., I.3.10.2, I.3.10.9, I.3.10.12, I.3.10.14, I.3.10.28, I.3.10.30-2, W.2.3A.3

in case of manifestly absurd or unreasonable result (VCLT 32(b)) I.3.10.28

circumstances of conclusion of treaty (VCLT 32) I.3.10.3, I.3.10.7

common intention of parties, as aid in establishing I.3.10.19

as customary international law I.3.10.1

decisions of municipal courts I.3.10.26

GATT acquis I.3.12

in dubio mitius principle and I.3.8.1

interpretative document issued by party I.3.10.17

need to identify as such I.3.10.10

panel’s use to confirm preliminary conclusion based on VCLT 31 I.3.10.31-2

“recourse may be had” I.3.10.18-19

text/plain language A.1.14B.1, A.1.17.3, G., I.3.1.5, I.3.2., S.2.42.1

legitimate expectations and I.3.5.2-4

title A.1.29B.1, L.2.1-2, S.1.35.4, T.9.3.1

World Customs Organization decisions T.1.2.2

investigation of conditions for safeguard measures, requirements (SG 3.1/SG 4.2(c)) S.1.18

see also determination of serious injury or threat thereof (SG 4), requirements

detailed analysis S.1.18.1, S.7.5.3

dispute settlement proceedings distinguished S.1.19.4

evaluation of all factors S.1.19.3, S.1.26.1

obligation of competent authorities to seek information additional to that supplied by interested parties S.1.26.2

findings and reasoned conclusions S.1.18.1, S.1.22., S.7.5.3-4

“conclusion” S.1.22.1

covering pertinent issues of fact and law S.1.18.1-2, S.1.33.1, S.1.46.1-3

demonstration of relevance of factors examined S.1.18.1

multiple explanations S.1.20.2

“reasoned” S.1.22.1

interested parties

notification to S.1.19.2

opportunity to respond to presentations of other parties S.1.19.2

opportunity to submit evidence and views S.1.19.2

published report C.2.4, S.1.18.1, S.1.21

form, freedom of choice S.1.21.4

key elements

conditions (SG 2.1/GATT XIX:1 (a)) S.1.21.1-3

reasoned conclusions S.1.22

serious injury or threat of S.1.21.3

unforeseen developments S.1.21.2, S.1.46.1-3, S.1.47.1

“set forth” S.1.22.1

investigation of dumping, evidentiary rules (AD 6/SCM 12): see evidentiary rules (AD 6/SCM 12)

investigation of dumping (AD 5) / subsidy (SCM 11)

dispute settlement proceedings distinguished R.2.2.10

reference to as sufficient identification of legal basis of claim (DSU 6.2) R.2.2.10

support of domestic industry, need for (AD 5.4/SCM 11.4)

“expression of support” A.3.28.1, S.2.20.1

motives, relevance A.3.28, S.2.20.1

termination (AD 5.8/SCM 11.9) A.3.3.28A

de minimus standard, applicability S.2.21.1-3

individual de minimus margin, need for A.3.28A.1

sunset review (SCM 21.3) distinguished S.2.21.1-3

exporters excluded from definitive anti-dumping measure and A.3.28A.4

issuance of order / decision not to issue as “terminating” step A.3.28A.3

limitation of provisions to investigation phase S.2.21.1

unified nature of investigation and A.3.28A.2

zeroing, applicability A.3.28A.5

time-limits (AD 5.10/SCM 11.11) A.3.28B, S.2.21A.1


Abbreviations used on this page