Index:   B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X, Y, Z

The texts reproduced here do not have the legal standing of the original documents which are entrusted and kept at the WTO Secretariat in Geneva.

“laws or regulations”: see General Exceptions (GATT XX), measures necessary to secure compliance with GATT-consistent measure (GATT XX(d)), “laws or regulations”

least developed countries, special dispute settlement procedures (DSU 24)

see also Enabling Clause, least developed countries (para. 2(d)); safeguard measures (SG/GATT XIX), developing countries and (SG 9)

particular consideration to be given to special situation of (DSU 24.1) L.0.1

legal basis of claim (AD 17)

GATT XXII and XXIII compared A.3.54.1, A.3.55.1

good faith view of Member (“considers”) that benefits are being impaired or nullified (AD 17.3) A.3.55.4, L.1.7, L.1.17, P.3.1.12-13, R.5.5

legislation as such: see legislation as such, right to challenge

specific measures referable to DSB (AD 17.4/DSU 6.2) and claims/legal basis relating to the measures distinguished A.3.56.2

legal basis of claim (DSU 6.2) (request for establishment of panel) R.2.2

arguments distinguished C.1.1-8, C.1.10, R.2.1.14, R.2.2.1-8, T.6.1.18, T.6.2.13, W.3.1

DSU 21.5 compliance proceedings requirements R.2.5.3

due process and D.2.2.32, R.2.2.8, T.6.2.7-9

evidence to support claim distinguished C.1.6

expired measure R.2.3.24-5, T.6.3.15-16

implied claims, exclusion R.2.2.14, T.6.2.17, T.6.2.19

legislation “as such” claims L.1.13, R.2.3.12, T.6.3.7

“measure” impairing benefits (DSU 3.3) L.1.4, L.1.7

nexus between challenged measure and provisions allegedly breached R.2.1.10

rectification at subsequent stages

arguments in written or other submission or statement C.1.3-4, R.2.2.3, R.2.2.15, T.6.2.2-4, W.3.1

fact-finding by panel C.7.1, T.6.1.4

specificity sufficient to present the problem clearly R.2.2.8, R.2.2.20

summary, sufficiency R.2.1.3, R.2.1.5-6, R.2.1.13, T.6.1.7

listing of articles of agreement allegedly breached R.2.2.6-7, R.2.2.16, T.6.2.1, T.6.2.5, T.6.2.7-8

reference to AD 2 R.2.2.10, T.6.2.10

reference to AD 3.1 R.2.2.9

reference to AD 5 R.2.2.10

reference to AG 3 and 6 as incorporating Schedule of Commitments and AG Annex 3 R.2.2.11, T.6.2.11

reference to DSU 23 as including reference to DSU 23.1 and 23.2 R.2.2.12, T.6.2.12-15

reference to Enabling Clause including specific provisions R.2.2.18-19, T.6.2.19

reference to GATT I:1 as including reference to Enabling Clause R.2.2.17

reference to GATT II R.2.2.13, T.6.2.16-17

legal basis of claim (GATT XXII (consultation) and XXIII (nullification or impairment)) A.3.55.1

legal representation in government delegation, importance P.4.2

legislation as such, right to challenge A.3.54.1, A.3.55.2-3, A.3.56.4, A.3.56.6-8, J.2.1.9-11, L.1

administrative instrument A.3.55.3, A.3.62.2

“as such” / “as applied”, relevance of distinction L.1.24-5

burden of proof and B.3.1.13, B.3.2.18, C.4.32-3, M.5.8-9

challenge to programme as such L.1.23-5

challenge to system as a whole distinguished L.1.21

characterization by domestic authorities, relevance L.1.13, M.5.10, M.5.11, R.2.3.12, T.6.3.7 

GATT 1947, XXIII:1(a) and J.2.1.9, L.1.1

good faith and L.1.13, R.2.3.12, T.6.3.7

mandatory/discretionary legislation, whether distinguishable J.2.1.9, L.1.1, L.1.9-10, M.1

discretionary elements under separate law, effect M.1.8

executive discretion and M.1.4-5

panel’s obligation to examine status M.1.7-9, S.7.3.31

normative instrument L.1.5, L.1.15-16

in absence of written instrument L.1.18-19, S.7.2.13

serious implications of such a challenge C.4.34, L.1.12  

legitimate expectations: see interpretation of covered agreements, legitimate expectations, relevance

less favourable treatment/“less favourable treatment”: see MFN treatment (GATS II), “treatment no less favourable” (GATS II:1); national treatment, regulatory discrimination (GATT III:4), “less favourable treatment”; national treatment (TRIPS 3), “less favourable treatment”

Licensing Agreement L.2

as lex specialis L.2.4

licensing procedures, limitation to (LA, title, preamble and Art. 1.1) L.2.1-2

“neutral in application and administered in a fair and equitable manner” (LA 1.3) / “administer in a uniform, impartial and reasonable manner” (GATT X:3(a)), equivalence L.2.4

trade distortion in part of trade not subject to procedures L.2.3

“like or directly competitive product” (SG 2.1/SG 4.1(c)) S.1.3

“domestic industry”, as sole determinant (SG 4.1(c)) S.1.25.1-4

specific product, need for S.1.3.1, S.1.25.2

“like product” (GATT III:2)

criteria N.1.3.2

determination on case-by-case basis N., N., S.3.3.1

determination as legal issue S.3.3.1

directly competitive or substitutable products distinguished D.1.3, N., N.1.5

discretionary element N.

GATT III:4 distinguished N., N.

Harmonized System of Customs Classification, relevance H.1.1, N.

narrow interpretation, need for D.1.3, N., N.1.5.3, S.3.3.1

“like product” (GATT III:4)

competitive relationship, need for N., N., N.

evidence of health risks, relevance G.3.2.1, N.1.12.1

criteria N.1.9.4

see also directly competitive or substitutable products (GATT III:2), criteria consumer preferences N., N., N., N., N.

end-uses N.

interchangeability N., N.

physical properties N.

tariff classification N.


on basis of all the available evidence N.

on case-by-case basis N.

GATT III:2 distinguished N., N.

“similar” / “produits similaires” / “productos similaresN.

Lomé Convention, panel’s right to refer to L.3


Abbreviations used on this page